# Recognize the Concept of Just After Or Just Before a Given Number up to the Number 10

**What Your Child Will Learn in Pre-Kindergarten Quarter 4**

**Counting and Cardinality**

- Recognize the concept of just after or just before a given number up to the number 10.

- Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group (for groups up to 5 objects).

- Recognize that each successive number names and refers to a quantity that is one larger.

- Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities to 5, then to 10; connect counting to cardinality.

- Represent a number (0-5, then to 10) by creating a group of objects using concrete materials, pictures, and/or numbers.

- Recognize written numbers 0-10
- Automatically recognize the number of objects in sets of 0-5 without counting

**ACTIVITIES AT HOME**/ VOCABULARY

- Play the license plate game with numbers as you walk through your neighborhood. Have them look for a 1 on a license plate. Then find a 2, then a 3, and so on.

- Look through a store ad. Cut out numbers 0-10. Put the numbers in order from greatest to least.
- Grab a handful of an item, cereal, beans, etc. Estimate how many pieces you grabbed. Now count them. Was your estimate close? Was your estimate more or less than what you grabbed?
- Show the number 10 in as many different ways as you can. Use pictures, numbers, and objects. For example 2 blue blocks and 8 red blocks makes 10, but so do 4 blue blocks and 6 red block, and so does 1 blue block, 2 yellow block, and 7 red blocks, etc.
- Play a simple board game. Do you automatically know what number is on the dice without counting? Take a guess and then count the dots to see if you were right.

**One-to-one Correspondence:**Students assign one number to each object as they count

Count On: Starting at a given number and counting forward from that number

Greater Than: A number that has a higher value than another number

Less Than: A number that has a lower value than another number

Equal: Having the same value

**Resources for Quarter 4:**

**Literature Connections:**

6 Sticks by M. Coxe

Quack and Count by K. Baker

Websites:

Apps:

*Frugoton Space Numbers- Education and Fun for Kids*

**What Your Child Will Learn in Pre-Kindergarten Quarter 4**

**Number and Operations in Base Ten & Operations and Algebraic Thinking**

- Investigate the relationship between ten ones and ten

- Decompose quantity into pairs in more than one way using numbers or drawings. Starting with numbers 0-5, then moving on to numbers 0-10.

- Explore addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, or verbal explanations

- For any given quantity find the quantity that must be added to make 5, then to make 10 by suing objects or drawings.

**ACTIVITIES AT HOME**/ VOCABULARY

- Use cereal pieces to solve the following problem: Mason has 10 pieces of cereal. He eats 4 pieces. How many pieces are left?
- How old are you now? If you were one year younger how old would you be? If you were 2 years older how old would you be?
- We have six people at dinner table but only 4 plates. How many plates do we need so each person has his or her own plates?
- Go outside and find two clovers. Count the total number of leaves on both clovers to find how many leaves there are in total?
- Use some fruit to solve the following problem: Ken has 5 grapes in a bunch. He eats some. There are 3 left. How many grapes did he eat?
- Ben had 4 chairs at his kitchen table in the morning. After school there was only 1 chair at the kitchen table. How many chairs are missing?
- Make chart to keep track of something you are working on (maybe learning his or her phone number or tying his or her own shoes). Checks represent ones and stickers represent tens. For example: Make check marks for each time you successfully say your phone number, when you get to 10 checks you get a sticker. Try this 20 times. When you get to 20 you should have 20 checks and two stickers.

Compose: Putting numbers together to make a new number (For example: 5+5=10)

Decompose: Breaking a number apart (For example: 10=8+2)

Equation: A mathematical statement containing an equal sign, to show that two expressions are equal

Add: To join two or more numbers

Subtract: To take one quantity away from another

Ten: A group of ten ones

Equal Sign: Having the same amount or value