The JHQ Editorial Content RecommendationsNotes to Authors
- JHQ uses a modified version of the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRAD) guidelines to provide a framework for reporting new knowledge.
- The modified IMRAD guidelines are a commonly used structure used to report research in scientific disciplines and include distinct categories of information: Introduction, Methods, Results, And Discussion plus Conclusions and Implications
- Authors should consider every IMRAD item, but it may be inappropriate or unnecessary to include every IMRAD element in a particular manuscript. Use of subheadings under the IMRAD (especially in the Methods and Discussion) headings is encouraged.
Title and Abstract
- Have a maximum of 15 words.
- Describe clearly and precisely the contents of the manuscript.
- Provide key words for indexing.
- Not include abbreviations or jargon.
- Include a 200-word brief comprehensive summary addressing the following categories is recommended: background, purpose, methods, results, conclusions, implications.
- Identify 3-5 key words to index the manuscript.
- Not include references, figures, or tables.
- Not include information that is not in the manuscript.
Introduction: Why did you start?
- Describe what is currently known about the problem and what gap in knowledge is being addressed in the manuscript.
- Incorporate startling statistics and pertinent literature presenting logical compelling argument for why current study is needed.
- Describe the intent of the current study.
- Describe the purpose of the manuscript.
Methods: What did you do?
- Ethical approvals
- Data collection
- Data analysis
Results: What did you find?
Findings from the study are reported in a sequential manner:
- Demographics- Results of the demographic data from the study are presented in the narrative with a potential table also used for this purpose.
- Findings- The results for each of the research questions are reported.
Discussion: What do the findings mean?
- Incorporates an interpretation of findings.
- Addresses what the most important findings of the study mean.
- Relates findings of the study to others in the literature i.e., do they agree or contradict previous findings.
- Discusses possible reasons for both expected and unexpected findings.
- Avoids overgeneralizations.
Conclusions: What can you conclude based on the findings?
- Provides synthesis of key points described in the manuscript including evidence for all conclusions.
- Provides emphasis for why findings of the study matter.
Implications: How could the study findings be translated into practice or policy?
- Identifies ways the study findings can be used to improve the quality of care delivery in a variety of settings.
- Identifies ways the study findings could be used to develop policies that will improve the quality of care delivery.
- Explores future research needed on the problem of study to further develop our understanding of the topic inclusive of next steps.
- Presents a compelling closure to the manuscript.
- Included at the end of the manuscript using AMA format.
- Current (preferably within the last 5 years) with historical references used as needed.
- Scholarly references are preferred with other references used when appropriate.
Last Updated: July 28, 2016