Life Science Final Review Packet Name:______Per:___

Tools of a Scientist

______1.This instrument is used to measure mass.

______2.This instrument is used to measure the volume of liquids.

______3. This instrument is used to measure length.

______4. This instrument is used to place a drop of water on a slide.

______5. This instrument is used to remove a hot beaker from a hot


______6. This instrument is used to crush a chemical into a powder.

______7.This instrument is used to heat a test tube.

______8. This instrument is used to hold test tubes upright at your desk.

______9. This instrument measures temperature.

______10.This instrument uses a narrow, intense beam of light like a scalpel.

______11.This is placed over a specimen on a slide.

Parts of the microscope

______12.Regulates the amount of light.

______13. Where you place the slide.

______14. Where you lookthrough.

______15. Holds the slide in place.

______16. Objective first used to focus.

______17. Knobfirst used to focus.

______18. If a slide is off center

to the right when looking

in a microscope, in which direction

do youmove the slide to center it?

Label the microscope diagram.

Life Processes and Characteristics of Life

______19. The taking in of food.

______20.The breaking down of food into simpler substances.

______21. All the chemical activities that occur in the body.

______22. Process when food combines with oxygen and energy is given off.

______23. A reaction to a stimulus.

______24. Type of response towards a stimulus.

______25. Type of response away from a stimulus.

______26. The maximum length of time an organism is expected to live.

______27.The process that removes wastes.

______28. The struggle between organisms for things needed to survive.

______29. To make more of the same kind.

______30. To conditions inside the body the same.

______31. An increase in size, mass, and/or development.

______32. How long could you live without water?

______33. How long could you live without food?

______34. Body temperature changes with the environment.

______35. Constant body temperature, does not change with environment.

Cell Stuff

______36. The scientist first to observe cork under the microscope and use the term “cell”.

______37. The first to observe living microorganisms with the microscope.

______38.He stated the cell theory, that all living things are made of cells.

______39. He stated that all plants are made of cells.

______40. He stated that all animals are made of cells.

______41. The tiny structures that make up a cell.

______42. Controls what goes in and out of the cell.

______43. Holds the organelles in place, mostly made up of water.

______44. Found only in plants, made of nonliving materials, provides support.

______45. Found only in animals, role in cell division, found near the nucleus.

______46.Powerhouse of the cell.

______47. Suicide sac or vacuum cleaner, contains enzymes.

______48. Stores food, water, or wastes.

______49. Controls what goes in and out of nucleus.

______50. Transports materials throughout the cell.

______51. Makes proteins, is the smallest organelle.

______52. Makes food for plants, contains a greenpigment.

______53. The process by which materials move from high to low concentration.

______54. The movement of water through a semi permeable membrane.

______55. Another term for cell division, one cells divides into two.

______56. A group of cells working together form a __.

______57. A group of organs working together form a __.

______58. A group of tissues working together form a __.

______59. A group of organ systems working together form a __.

______60. Some parts of organisms have a specific job to perform, this is

called division of ___.

______61. An organism made up of many cells is called __.

______62. An organism made up of only one cell is called __.

Label the cell parts:


______63.The word classify means to __.

______64.He was the first to classify animals.

______65.He classified animals by the way they ___.

______66.Most scientific names are from which language?

______67.The largest classification group to which an organism can


68.List the classification groups from largest to smallest:


______69.He came up with the 2 word naming system.

______70. This system is called ______.

______71.This naming system uses which 2 classification groups?

______72.The science of classification is called __.

______73.A group of organisms that can breed and produce young.

______74.A general term for an organism that can make its own food.

______75.A general term for an organism that can not make its own food.

______76.An organism that feeds off another living organism.

______77.An organism that feeds off dead or decaying organisms.

78.List the 5 kingdoms:


To which kingdom do the following belong:

______79.Fish______83. Amoeba

______80.Bacteria______84. Insects

______81.Mushrooms______85. Grapes

______82.Yeast______86. Euglena

Kingdom Monera

______87.Blue green algae and ___ belong in this kingom.

______88.Monerans are classified according to __.

______89.List the conditions monerans find favorable.

______90. Bacteria does not have this cell structure:

______91.When conditions become unfavorable, they turn into __.

______92.List some foods that are made using bacteria.

______93.What taste do these foods have?

______94.List the 3 shapes of bacteria.

______95.Name the process that uses heat to destroy bacteria in milk.

______96.What important role does bacteria play in nature?

______97.Another term for poision.

______98.Bacteria reproduces by what process?

______99.This non-living organism can only reproduce inside a living


______100.What 2 parts is it made up of?

______101.Which part gets injected into a living cell?

______102.Which type of microscope is needed to see a virus?

103. Are the following diseases caused by a bacteria(B) or virus(V)?

_____ common cold_____ chicken pox_____ flu

_____ strept throat_____ tetanus

104. Label the diagram of the virus:



Hereditary Material

Kingdom Protist

______105. Protists are classified according to __.

______106. Tiny hairlike projections.

______107. Whip like tail.

______108. Which is slipper shaped?

______109. Which can change its shape as it moves?

______110. Which is oval shaped?

______111. Which has an eyespot?

______112. Which moves using pseudopods?

______113. Which moves using cilia?

______114. Which moves using a flagella?

______115. What structure does the paramecium use to take in food?

______116. What structure does the paramecium use to digest food?

______117. What structure is used to get rid of wastes?

______118. What structure is used to get rid of excess water?

______119. What structure is used to detect light?

______120. What is another word for “false feet”?

Label the following:


Label: chloroplasts, flagella, Label: vacuole, nucleus,Label: cilia, oral groove,

Eyespot cytoplasm, pseudopod gullet,

contractile vacuole

Kingdom Fungi

______119. Fungi are different from plants because they can not make their

own ___.

______120. This one celled fungi is used to make bread.

______121. This fungi loves to eat bread.

______122. This fungi grows on the lawn.

______123. You should only eat mushrooms from the store because most

are __.

ClubFungiSac FungiThreadlike Fungi

Use the diagrams above to answer the following:

______124. Which reproduces by budding?

______125. Which have spores inside their gills?

______126. Which loves bread?

______127. Which makes bread?

______128. Which do people like on pizza?

______129. Which is a yeast?

______130. Which is bread mold?


Label the parts of the leaf:

Upper epidermis

Lower epidermis

Palisade layer

Spongy layer

Mesophyll layer

Guard cell



Air space


______131. Cell layer of protection, no photosynthesis occurs here.

______132. Opening for the exchange of gases.

______133. Layer where most photosynthesis takes place.

______134. Waxy layer, prevents too much water from getting in.

______135. Contains both xylem and phloem cells.

______136. Opens and closes the stomates.

______137. Middle layer of the leaf.

______138. Layer which allows gases to circulate.

______139. The shape of most leaves.

______140. Contains the green pigment chlorophyll.

______141. Cells that transport water up to the leaf.

______142. Cells that transport food down from the leaf.

______143. Raw materials needed for photosynthesis are sunlight, water,

______and ______.

______144. Formula for glucose.

145. Write the formula for photosynthesis:

Label the parts of the flower:Pistil, Stamen, Sepal, Petal, Stigma, Ovary, Ovules, Anther, Pollen

Filament, Style

______146. The male part of the flower is called the __.

______147. The female part of the flower is called the __.

______148. This structure produces pollen, the male sex cell.

______149. This structure produces ovules, the female sex cell.

______150. Sticky top to catch pollen.

______152. Attracts insects.

______153. Modified leaves at the base of the flower.

______154. The stalk from the stigma to the ovary.

______155. Stalk that holds the anther up.

______156. Fertilized ovules may eventually turn into these.

______157. The process of the transfer of pollen to stigma.

______158. The process when the pollen meets the ovule.

______159. The process when the seed begins to sprout.

______160. The tiny plant inside the seed is called the __.

______161.The stored food of the seed.

______162. The protective layer of the seed.

163. These structures make up the stamen:


______164. These structures make up the pistil:


Label the part of the seed:



Seed Coat

Label the plant with the following parts:






______165. holds the leaves up to the sunlight

______166. anchors the plant to the soil

______167. supports the plant

______168. carries water to all parts of the plant

______169. contains a tiny new plant

______170. carries on most of the photosynthesis

______171. produces the male and female sex cells.

______172. colorful to attract insects

______173. branching veins

______174. contains the pistils and stamens

______175. contains seeds

______176. broad surface area to capture light

______177. absorbs water and minerals from soil

Biome Stuff:

______178. Factors for determining climate are temperature and __.

______179. Biomes with the shortest summer.

______180. The northernmost biome.

______181. The biome with the greatest variety of life.

______182. Percentage of the earth covered with water.

______183. Top layer of the trees in the rainforest.

______184. Permanently frozen water.

______185. An example of still water.

______186. An example of running water.

______187. Biome with lemmings, musk oxen, caribou and lichens.

______188. Another name for grassland.

______189. Amount of rainfall in the desert.

______190. Amount of rainfall in the tundra.

______191. Amount of rainfall in the grassland.

______192. Amount of rainfall in the coniferous forest.

______193. Amount of rainfall in the deciduous forest.

______194. Amount of rainfall in the rainforest.

______195. Which forest has poor soil? (because no leaves fall)

______196. Which forest has nutrient rich soil?

______197. The biome with birds, moose, squirrels and pine trees?

______198. The biome with lizards and cactus.

______199. The biome with lions, zebras, and grass.

______200. The biome with ferns, parrots, and monkeys.