Lesson Plan

Substitute Lesson

Grade Level:

/ Secondary /



Fine Arts-Music


Prepared By:

/ Elizabeth Cobbins
Chapter Twenty Four : Jazz

Jazz is America's musical gift to the world. This unique

invention, born in New Orleans and bred largely in Memphis, St. Louis, Chicago, and New York, is still alive and kicking and going into its second century of high status. Without a doubt, it is the most original and influential music to emerge from the American continent so far.


Education Standards AddressedM-AP-H1

Compare and contrast musical styles
representative of various historical
periods and cultures (1, 2, 4)
Analyze the function of music as it
fulfills societal needs within historical
and cultural contexts (1, 4, 5)

Teacher Guide


Student Guide


(Specify skills/information that will be learned.) / By completing Chapter 124, the students will: /

Materials Needed

  • Paper
  • Pencil
  • Music Its Role and Importance in Our Lives (Glencoe; Copyright 2000)


(Give and/or demonstrate necessary information) / MONDAY
I.Introduction to Chapter 24
A. Chapter Overview
B. Written Assignment: Vocabulary Terms
1. bop A machine with the sounds of a whole range of percussion
instruments stored in its memory.
2. break Instruments that, with the help of computers, respond to live
3. Dorian Mode Musical Instrument Digital Interface
4. fusion A system of electronic composition in which natural sounds
are taped, edited, and shaped into a composition recorded on magnetic tape.
5. scat singing A recording process that begins with real sounds.
6.swing An electronic system that stores data about music.
II. The Jazz Age
A. Video
I.Chapter 18 Project
The Characteristics of American Music
Page 389
What characteristics make music American?
Pick one piece in this unit that you feel characterizes American music. Write a one0page essay discussing what
makes this music American. Cite specific musical events in your selection to support your viewpoint.
Note: Students complete the project and turn in by the end of the period.
Composer Focus:Benny Goodman
Benjamin David Goodman[1] (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an Americanjazzmusician, clarinetist and bandleader, known as "King of Swing", "Patriarch of the Clarinet", "The Professor", and "Swing's Senior Statesman".
In the mid-1930s, Goodman led one of the most popular musical groups in America. His January 16, 1938 concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City is described by critic Bruce Eder as "the single most important jazz or popular music concert in history: jazz's 'coming out' party to the world of 'respectable' music."[2]
Nos. 9-17
Making the Connection
Find out more about what was happening in the world during the “Swing era”
Discuss whether the upbeat energy of swing music reflected the mood of world events during that time.
Find and share an artwork that shows the “American spirit” in a way that parallels the work of one of the composers in the chapter.
Chapter 18 Quiz
Composer Biography
Samuel Barber


(Steps to check for student understanding) /


II.Chapter 21 Quiz

III.Arts News Summary


Other Resources


(Describe the independent activity to reinforce this lesson)


/ American composers have had a difficult time finding their individual styles. Should they copy European models? Should American composers develop their own compositional style, or should they strive to establish a distinctly American voice? Charles Ives, George Gershwin, Aaron Copland, Duke Ellington, Leonard Bernstein, and Libby Larsen exemplify this latter approach.
American music is often characterized by a driving rhythmic energy and syncopation, a strong use of percussion and brass, a sense of free expressiveness and invention, a reveling in contrasting timbres, a sense of spaciousness and sweep, and a direct and stirring emotional outpouring. American music blossomed in the hands of composer like Aaron Copland, Duke Ellington, and Libby Larsen. American music speaks to all of us. / Additional Notes