Connotation- emotional and imaginative association surrounding a word.
Denotation-strict dictionary meaning of word.
Compare and Contrast- a pattern of organization in which two or more things are related on the basis of similarities and differences. Compare=same Contrast=different
Infer- to logically assume based upon observed facts and one’s own knowledge and experience.
Point of View-the angle from which a story is told, such as first, second, or third-person point of view.
Rhyme Scheme-is the pattern of end rhyme. The pattern is identified by letters of the alphabet assigned to each specific end rhyme.
Alliteration-Repetition of a beginning consonant sound. EX Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Assonance-Repetition of a vowel sound. EX The sound of the hound was bound to make me crazy.
Hyperbole-Exaggeration. EX I am so hungry; I could eat a horse.
Personification-Giving human qualities to something that is not human. EX The cars danced across the icy road.
Metaphor- A comparison that does not use like or as. EX She’s the apple of my eye.
Simile- A comparison that uses like or as. EX My love is like a red, red rose.
Onomatopoeia- A word that sounds like what it means. EX Buzz! Boom! Wham!
Symbolism-Something that represents or stands for something else. EX The American flag is a symbol of the United States and its democratic ideals.
Irony-When you expect something and the opposite happens. EX You sell your car to buy the new one that you wanted, but the one that you wanted had already been sold by that time.
Imagery- Language that appeals to the senses. The cracking splinters of glass were scattered on the streaked, dingy floor.
Foreshadow-clues that suggest events that have yet to occur.
Conflict- struggle of opposing forces. Internal conflict occurs inside oneself. External conflict occurs with another character or idea.
Tone- author’s attitude towards a subject.
Mood- the atmosphere created by the words the author uses.
Theme- The underlying idea or central concern of a work of art or literature. ***The main idea.
Conclusion- the end
Idiom- a common, everyday expression which is not defined by the usual meanings of the words that compose it. It states ideas in unusual and imaginative ways to create vivid mental images in readers’ and listeners’ minds. The idiom, “It’s raining cats and dogs.” Is one such examples. It does not mean that cats and dogs are actually falling from the sky; instead, this idiom is a fun way of saying that it is raining heavily.
Drama- a story that is written for performance by a group of actors in from of an audience. Each drama will have a set of characters, a plot, and a setting
Comedy-a type of drama which largely defined by humor and by its amusing nature.
Tall Tale-an entertaining and often oral account of a real or fictitious occurrence. EX “Pecos Bill Rides a Tornado”
Ballad-a narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain. “
Protagonist- The leading character of a dram or play whose rival is the antagonist. The “Good Guy.”
Antagonist-The character in conflict with the main character in a drama or play. The antagonist is usually considered the villain. The “Bad Guy.”
Plot- The storyline of the play. A plot must include a complication(s), rising action , climax, and a resolution.
Exposition-Background information regarding the setting, characters and plot.
Rising Action- The part of the plot where the action rises in response to conflicts in the story.
Climax-A “high point” of the story where the characters may experience a change of some sort. It is sometimes call the turning point.
Falling Action-The action that follow the climax. Loose ends begin to be resolve or explained to the reader.
Resolution-The part of the plot that follows the falling action and where the author resolves the conflict with some sort of outcome.
Conflict-A struggle between opposing forces
Internal Conflict-A struggle between opposing forces: usually internal or external conflict. EX. Gilligan’s desire to be a hero.
External Conflict-A struggle against external forces, such as nature, society, fate, or another character.
Analogies-shortened way of stating relationships between words and ideas.