# What Is a Global Citizen? Underline the Key Words/Phrases

GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP CHALLENGE

What is a global citizen? – Underline the key words/phrases.

Welsh Government; ‘A global citizen is aware of their rights and responsibilities as citizens of Wales and the wider world. They have an interest, enthusiasm for and understanding of global issues. A global citizen respects and values equality, diversity, tolerance and sustainability.’

Extension – Design a ‘Global Citizen’ wordle in the space below

What does poverty mean to you?

Types of poverty

gfgfff

Poverty in the UK

1) How many children across the UK live in families who can’t afford to feed them?

a) 50,000b) 5,000,000c) 5,000d) 500,000

2) How many adults in the UK go without essential clothing?

a) 1,200,000b) 5,500,000c) 500,000d) 8,000,000

3) What percentage of people in poverty in the UK has a full-time job?

a) 50%b) 8%c) 65%d) 25%

4) How many people in the UK cannot afford adequate housing conditions?

a) 18 millionb) 2.5 million c) 30 milliond) 10 million

5) How many children in the UK live in poverty?

a) 1 in 10b) 1 in 20c) 1 in 6d) 1 in 12

6) The living wage (how much you need to live on to not be in poverty) in the UK is?

a) £8.50 per hourb) £7. 45 per hourc) £5.55 per hourd) £10.00 per hour

7) Approximately what percentage of the population of Wales lives in poverty?

a) 1%b) 25%c) 15%d) 5%

8) Approximately what percentage of children in Wales live in severe/extreme poverty?

a) 15%b) 8%c) 3%d) 25%

9) Which UK country has the highest proportion of children in poverty?

a) Englandb) Scotlandc) Northern Irelandd) Wales

10) By what year does the government aim to end child poverty in the UK?

a) 2016b) 2020c) 2030d) 2018

What do you think?

“It is more worthwhile to donate to UK poverty charities than it is to donate to African poverty charities”.

In my opinion…

Evaluating Sources

Read the source carefully and highlight the key information. Work your way through the checks.

Use a different colour for each of the different checkpoints.

Wales has highest child poverty rate, says Save the Children

Wales has the highest percentage of children in poverty in the UK, according to Save the Children.

One in three are in a family whose income is 60% below the UK average, compared to 27% across all regions.

The charity's head in Wales said the knock-on effect in education could be a "lifetime sentence" for some.

The Welsh government said its policies were aimed at breaking the link between deprivation and poor attainment in schools.

Save the Children said the rising cost of living means it is not possible for a single parent on £13,000, or a couple on £18,000 a year, to provide their children with everything they need for a decent start in life.

"A lot of people find it difficult to appreciate that [poverty] is happening on their doorstep and perhaps don't really understand what it means," said Mary Powell-Chandler, head of the charity in Wales.

"We feature some case studied of families who are working hard and trying to budget, but nonetheless parents making sacrifices isn't always enough.

"Children are growing up in cold, damp houses, not always having the things that they need to make them at the best for starting school."

Ms Powell-Chandler said Welsh government initiatives such asCommunities First, Flying Start and Families First, aimed at tackling poverty were working.

But they only help children living in areas identified as being deprived, when not all those needing help live in those areas.

The charity says a minimum wage higher than inflation, an increase in the number of employers paying the living wage and more affordable energy and food costs would help with the UK and Welsh government's pledge to end child poverty by 2020.

A Welsh government spokesperson said it was expanding its Flying Start programme to provide free childcare in its poorest areas and had introduced a number of policies aimed at breaking the link between deprivation and poor attainment in schools.

It said employment provided the best route out of poverty and it was focused on creating jobs and training for households where no-one is in work.

(28th May 2014, BBC News)

Check 1
Check 2
Check 3
Check 4
Check 5

Consider the following articles. Discuss with the person next to you why they may not be considered reliable.

Think carefully about the 5 checks.

- What do the articles say?

- Who wrote the articles?

- When were they written?

- Why were they written?

- Is the article reliable?

PESTLE Analysis

A PESTLE analysis is a way of considering the varying impact of a global issue or new idea.

Businesses often carry out a PESTLE analysis before launching a new product/idea.

E.g. before McDonalds launch a new product, they will consider the impact it may have.

Ban on second helpings to tackle obesity

Several schools in Wales have clamped down on second helpings of school dinners as a way to fight childhood obesity.

BBC Wales sent out a survey to 22 education authorities in Wales - these are the organisations that oversee how schools are run.

It showed several schools had brought in a ban on second helpings, while others had reduced portion sizes.

### Appetite For Life

BBC Wales had responses from 17 of the education authorities. Most of them told the BBC they let individual schools decide what rules they could have in place for school lunches.

For many schools these are new rules that were brought about because of the Welsh government's Appetite For Life programme, which aims to tackle childhood obesity and promote healthy eating.

However, some pupils and parents have complained about these changes as they say children aged 10 and 11 need more food than much younger children.

Figures from earlier this year show more than 28% of five-year-olds in Wales are overweight, with 12.5% of children classed as obese. Wales has a bigger problem than either England or Scotland.

A Welsh government spokesperson said: "We would never want to see children having school meals going hungry.

"We have provided schools with suggested portion sizes which cater for changing nutritional requirements as children get older. So, for example, a child in year 6 would have a larger portion than a child in reception."

The government is working on new healthy eating guidance that they aim to announce early next year.

School meal policies were different in different areas, but here are some examples:

In Cardiff school dinner staff are allowed to offer children extra bread if they want seconds.

In some schools in Anglesey any leftover school meals are offered to pupils who have packed lunches to give them a chance to try them.

In other areas children can only have small portions as seconds, and in others they are asked not to request more at all.

Most counties say all primary pupils get the same size portions, but some: Anglesey, Denbighshire and Ceredigion vary servings.

Powys says cooks cannot give "significantly bigger portions" to older ones. But they do get slightly more potatoes and vegetables.

Carry out a PESTLE analysis for the childhood obesity crisis in the UK. Use the above definitions to help you.

Select two of the following ‘global issues’. Carry out a PESTLE analysis in your exercise books for each one.

1) London riots of 2011

2) Global Warming

3) Increasing levels of unemployment

4) Malnutrition amongst African children

5) 2004 Tsunami in Indonesia

Political / Economic
Social / Technological
Legal / Environmental