This Assignment Will Count As a Project/Quiz Grade

This Assignment Will Count As a Project/Quiz Grade




Project: Greek Culture

This assignment will count as a project/quiz grade.

One of the greatest city-states in Ancient Greece, Athens, is now the capital of this country. Many people visit each year to tour the ruins of the Parthenon and the other structures found on the Acropolis. Sitting high on a hill at the center of Athens is the Acropolis, a collection of monuments and temples dedicated to the gods.

The best known of these monuments is the Parthenon, dedicated to Athena, the patron goddess of Athens. Built between 447 and 432 B.C., this monument remains the international symbol of ancient Greece and is probably the best example of classical ancient Greek architecture, especially of the Doric order—the earliest and simplest of the classical Greek styles.

Your Job: You'll create a complete picture of the Parthenon. You will

work in small groups to learn about one aspect of this structure. Then you will share what

you've learned with the class. Some groups will research the history or purpose of the

Parthenon, and others will learn about specific parts or materials.

Your groups are……..


Step 1: Research the answers to the questions your group is responsible for.


Step 3: Write the answers in your own words using complete sentences.

Step 4: Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 should label and/or color one of the photocopies of

the Parthenon.

Step 5: In addition, all groups should include one or two images of the Parthenon

or an original drawing.

Step 6: All students must answer the Discussion Questions ON THEIR OWN.

These will be graded separately as a quiz grade. (See “discussion questions” for further directions.


Everyone in a group will receive the same grade. Work together nicely!

The “Discussion Questions” will be graded separately. They are also due on 10/2. I will accept late assignment for up to two days. Each day the assignment is late you will lose one full letter grade. After two days assignments will not be accepted.

Group 1: Rooms

  1. What were the pronaos, naos (or cella), and opisthodomos?
  1. What was the purpose of each room?
  1. What was unique about the dimensions and proportions of the naos?
  1. How was its length and height related to its purpose?
  1. What was unique about the columns around the pronaos?
  1. What was the main material used to build the Parthenon?
  1. Until the Parthenon was built, what material had most temples been made of?

Group 2: Columns and Capital

  1. How many columns were on each end of the Parthenon? How many along the sides?
  1. What was unique about this proportion?
  1. What were some of the optical illusions used to make them appear more graceful?
  1. What was the peristyle?
  1. What were the capitals, abacus, and echinus?
  1. What is unique about the Doric capital?

Group 3: Base, Floor, and Friezes

  1. What are the crepidoma and the stylobate?
  1. What were they made of?
  1. What optical refinements were used? Why?
  1. What are the entablature, the frieze, the triglyph, and metope
  1. What were found in the metopes along the outer sides of the Parthenon?
  1. What was specifically depicted in the metopes on the north end?
  1. What was found in the frieze along the four outside walls of the naos?

Group 4:Roof

  1. What was the pediment?
  1. What did archaeologists find at each pediment?
  1. How were these sculptures decorated?
  1. What was the roof made of?

Group 5: Purpose

  1. Why was the Parthenon used?
  1. Who was Athena?
  1. What were her symbols?
  1. How was she honored at the Parthenon?
  1. What was the sculpture of Athena made of?
  1. Who was the head sculptor of the Parthenon?
  1. Which piece do scholars believe Pheidias sculpted?
  1. Describe the Panathenaic Procession.


  1. How long had the Acropolis been in use?
  1. What happened in 480 B.C.?
  1. When was the Parthenon built?
  1. Who were the architects of the Parthenon?
  1. How have other peoples used the Parthenon?
  1. When was most of the damage done to the Parthenon?

Discussion Questions

Directions: Based on your research and information in the textbook, answer the following questions below. Please use complete sentences. Each answer should be two to three sentences long.

  1. Describe the location of the Acropolis and the Parthenon.
  1. Explain the significance of this location for Athenians at the time of the construction of the temple.
  1. Explain why the Parthenon is one of the best examples of classical Greek architecture.
  1. What were the optical refinements used in the Parthenon?
  1. How did each one of the optical refinements create an illusion that enhanced the gracefulness of the structure?