Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Contents

World Bank Loan

Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Resettlement Action Plan

(Pre-evaluation Version)

ForeignCapital & TechnicalImportCenter of the Ministry of Railways of the People’s Republic of China

October 2011

World Bank Loan Project 1 RAP of Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Contents

CONTENTS

Page

Chapter 1 Overview

1.1 Project Introduction

1.2 Preparations for Resettlement Action Plan

1.3 Measures for Mitigating Project Impacts

1.3.1 Project Planning and Design Stage

1.3.2 Project Construction Stage

1.3.3 Implementation Stage

Chapter 2 Socio-economic Survey

2.1 General socio-economic situation of the affected areas

2.2 Overview of Municipality, Province, City and County

2.3 Social and Economic Survey

2.3.1 Overview

2.3.2 On-site investigations in 2010

2.3.3 Socio-economic Survey on Affected Villages and Population (2010)

2.4 Affected People's Socio-economic Characteristics

2.4.1 Overview

2.4.2 Population conditions and affected degree

2.4.3 Land requisition impacts

2.4.4 Production and Living

2.4.5 Affected houses

2.4.6 Affected enterprises

2.4.7 Disadvantaged group

2.4.8 Affected minorities

2.4.9 Affected female

Chapter 3 Project Impacts

3.1Project Impact Scope

3.2 Physical Indicators of Project Impact

3.2.1 Permanent Land Acquisition

3.2.2Temporary Land

3.2.3 House Demolition

3.2.4 Project Affected Population

3.2.5 Enterprises and Institutions

3.2.6 Ground Attachments

3.2.7Special Facilities

3.2.8 Impact on Vulnerable Groups

3.2.9 Impact on Women

Chapter 4 RAP Policy Framework

4.1 Resettlement Target

4.2 Applicable Laws and Policies

4.2.1 Applicable Laws and Policies

4.2.2 Domestic Legal Framework

4.2.3 Relevant Legal Rules and Regulations

Chapter 5: Compensation Standard and Compensation Budget

5.1 Compensation Standard

5.1.1 Land Acquisition Compensation Standard

5.1.2 Compensation Standards for Housing Demolition and Accessory Objects on Ground

5.1.3 Compensation Standards for Infrastructure and Special Establishment

5.2 Estimate of Compensation Cost for Immigration

Chapter 6 Resettlement and Livelihood Development

6.1 General Principles

6.2 Recovery Planning for Production and Life of Landless Villagers

6.2.1 Analysis of Land Acquisition Impact

6.2.2 Land Adjustment

6.2.3 Monetary Compensation

6.2.4 Social Security for Landless Farmers

6.2.5 Vocational Training and Other Recovery Measures

6.2.6 Relocation Planning for Severely Affected Villages

6.2.7 Recovery of Temporary Land

6.3 Demolition and Relocation Planning

6.3.1 Relocation Planning for Households Affected by Demolition

6.3.2 Relocation Planning for Affected Enterprises and Public Institutions

6.4 Affected Infrastructures Resettlement Plan

6.5 Resettlement of Vulnerable Groups

6.6 Women Development Plan

Chapter 7 Resettlement Implementation Plan

7.1 Implementation Procedures

7.2 schedule

7.3 The appropriation of money

7.3.1 Principle for appropriation

7.3.2. Authorities responsible for the management of funds

7.3.3. Funds Flow

Chapter 8 Organization Structure

8.1 Organization framework

8.2 Organization responsibility

8.3 Higher-level coordination

8.4 Institutional capability and training

Chapter 9 Consultation, Appealing and Participation

9.1 Consultation

9.1.1 Stakeholders

9.1.2 Stage, methods and contents of public participation

9.1.3 participation in preparation stage

9.1.4 Survey on Public Opinions

9.1.5 Participation plan in implementation stage

9.2 Information Dissemination

9.3 Appealing

9.3.1 Procedures for complaints and appeals

9.3.2 Procedures for complaints and appeals

9.3.3 Principles to deal with grievances and complaints

9.3.4 Contents and approaches of reply

9.3.5 Complaints recorded and subsequent feedback

Chapter 10 Monitoring and Evaluating

10.1 Internal Monitoring

10.1.1 Intent and Task

10.1.2 Organization and Personnel

10.1.3 Contents of Monitoring

10.1.4 Procedures of Implementation

10.2 Independent External Monitoring and Evaluating

10.2.1 Purpose and Task

10.2.2 Organization and Personnel

10.2.3 Main Indicators of Monitoring and Evaluating

10.2.4 Method of Monitoring and Evaluating

10.2.5 Work Procedures

10.2.6 Formulation Plan of Report

Chapter 11 Power Matrix

World Bank Loan Project 1 RAP of Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Contents

LIST OF TABLES

Table 2-1 Major National Economic and Social Indicators

Table 2-2 Socio-economic survey sample statistics

Table 2-3 Affected rural population and districts

Table 2-4 Education Level of Affected Villagers

Table 2-5 Income Distribution of Affected Village Households

Table 2-6 Income Sources of Affected Households

Table 2-7 Affected disadvantaged households

Table 3-1 Permanent land requisition by counties and districts

Table3-2 Villages with requsitioned farmlands larger than 10% of the total farmlands

Table 3-3 Temporary land use area by counties and villages

Table 3-4 Rural demolished building area by counties and districts

Table 3-5 Urban residents demolished area by counties and districts

Table3-6 Land requisition and housing demolition affected population by counties and districts

Table 3-7 Affected enterprises

Table 3-8 Attaching Object Affected by Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Railway Project

Table 3-9 Summary of Effects on Special Facilities

Table 5-1 Land Compensation Standard of Affected Area in Hebei Province

Table 5-2 Land Compensation Standard of Affected Area in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Table 5-3 Land Compensation Standard of Affected Area in Wulanchabu, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Table 5-4 Compensation Standard of Temporary Land Use

Table 5-5 Summary Table of Crop Compensation Standard of Hebei Province

Table 5-6 Summary Table of Crop Compensation Standard of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Table 5-6 Compensation Price of House Demolition for Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Railway

Table 5-7 Cost Estimation on Rebuilding of Brick-concrete House

Table 5-8 Settlement Subsidies, Removing Allowances and Rewards for Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Railway Project

Table 5-9 Compensation standard on attachments in Zhangjiakou City

Table 5-10 Compensation standard on attachments in Hohhot City

Table 5-11 Compensation standard on attachments in Hansai District of Hohhot City

Table 5-12 Investment Estimates for Land Requisition and Resettlement Compensation

Table 5-13 Budget of Resettlement Expenses

Table 6-1 Summary of Per Capita Cultivated Land below 0.3 Mu in Villages Affected by Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Railway Project

Table 6-2 job training plan for the acquisition-affected people

Table 6-3 Employment Promotion for Landless Farmers in Nandian Village, Hohhot through Integrated Project Development

Table 6-4 Land requisition conditions in villages where newly built stations are located

Table 6-5 Demolition conditions in villages where newly built stations are located

Table 6-6 Enforcement Scheme on Production and Life Recovery in Taogou Village, Dukoubao Township, Huai’an County

Table 6-7 Production and Life Recovery Implementation Plan in the Economic and Development Zone of Chahaer Youyiqianqi in Wulanchabu

Table 6-8 Enforcement Scheme on Production and Life Recovery in Nandian Village, Haoqinying Town, Xincheng District, Hohhot City

Table 6-9 Enforcement Scheme on Production and Life Recovery in Jiuyaozi Village of Kongjiazhuang Town of Wanquan County in Zhangjiakou City

Table 6-10 Enforcement Scheme on Production and Life Recovery in Xinyaozi Village of Kongjiazhuang Town of Wanquan County in Zhangjiakou City

Table 6-11 Enterprises requesting monetary compensation

Table 7-1 Schedule for Land Acquisition and Resettlement

Table 8-1 Training plan for major staff in resettlement agencies

Table 9-1 Questionnaire of Public Opinion and Suggestions

Table 9-2 Statistics of the Public’s Opinion on Huzhang Railway Line Construction

Table 9-3 Stakeholders’ meeting and survey table

Data source: data compilation provided by design agency

Table 9-4 Organization receiving appealing, contact information and treatment deadline

Table 9-5 Appealing Registration Form

Table 10-1 Progress Form of Resettlement

Table 10-2 Statistics of compensation fees and subsidy for resettlement

Table 11-1 Power matrix of land acquisition demolition compensation resettlement in Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Railway Construction Project

World Bank Loan Project 1 RAP of Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Contents

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig 1 Funds Flow

World Bank Loan Project 1 RAP of Hohhot-Zhangjiakou Rapid Railway

Summary

Summary of the Resettlement Action Plan

The total length of Hohhot-Zhangjiakou rapid railway turnk line is 287.087km, with a total length of bridges as 137.673km. There are two newly built stations and two rebuilt ones. The line passes through 100 villages in 22 towns of 9 counties/districts (among which, ShangyiCounty is only passed through by tunnels, no impacts of land requisition) in Zhangjiakou, Wulanchabu and Hohhot cities.

Huzhang Railway will install 4 stations (not including Zhangjiakou South Station), including Huai’an, Wulanchabu, Zhuozi East and Hohhot East Station among which Huai’an and Wulanchabu stations are newly built ones while the rest are rebuilt. The land acquisition of the project has small impact on places along the line for the following reasons: (1) The railway is a linear project, the characteristics of which determine the small impact on places along the line; (2) The proportion of bridges and tunnels takes up 63.8% of the total length, thus, the amount of land acquisition is largely reduced; (3) The line should proceed along mountain areas as possible, so the acquisition of cultivated land drastically decreases; (4) The basic farmlands passing through by the line are mainly distributed in Wan’an County and Huai’an County located in the both sides of Dayang River, as well as Wulanchabu City and Hohhot City. In order to reduce the occupation of basic farmlands, Huzhang Railway shall share common corridors with existing transport channels as much as possible. (5) The site of railway station must keep away from towns and concentrated residential areas. The line should circumvent if it comes to urban residential communities. The land occupied by the project shall be wastelands and reduce the requisition on farmlands and forest lands.

The total number of affected households by the project is 1731 households, 5748 persons, among which 955 households’ (3090 persons) lands are requisitioned, 1078 households’ houses (3631 persons) are demolished, and 302 households (973 persons) are impacted by demolition and land requisition. In terms of composition percentage of affected population, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is the province who is mostly impacted by the project. The number of households impacted by land requisition is 58% of the total, and the number of resettled households occupying 86% of the total.

955 households or 3090 persons are impacted by permanent land requisition along the line. The total requisitioned land is 12449.6 mu (not including lands used by existing railway lines), among which, 6145.7 mu farmlands (all drylands), occupying 49.36% of the total requisitioned lands; 804 mu forest lands, 6.46% of the total; 823.6 mu building base, 6.62% of the total; 224 mu construction land use, 1.8% of the total; 234 mu other types of lands, 1.88% of the total; 4218.3 mu wastelands, 33.88% of the total.

There are 1035 rural households (3498 persons) affected by demolition along the line; The total demolished area is 281004 m2 , including 239301 m2 brick concrete, 10344 m2 earth wood, and 17778 m2 other types of houses. There are 43 urban households (133 persons) affected by the demolition, the total demolished area being 8426 m2. It is found out from the survey that the 43 urban households are all residents changing from rural residenceship into urban residenceship, and their housing conditions and located areas being totally similar with surrounding rural houses. Therefore, their houses are treated samely with rural houses in terms of surveys, compensation standards and resettlement plans.

The project also has impacts on 34 enterprises or public institutions. The total area of demolished houses is 124052m2, including 5883m2factory buildings, 28358.76m2one-store houses, 5498m2storied buildings, and 4312 m2makeshifts, occupying 191.51 m lands, 6729m fences, 10682 m2Indurative ground and 11 wells. There are 1763 staff (indentured worker) and 10 temporary workers are affected by the project. Apart from 326 staff in 4 enterprises whose fences are demolished only, the number of affected staff is 1477. 7 enterprises are partially demolished, among which 4 of them could run normally as before because only their fences are demolished. Among the 34 enterprises, 16 of them prefer to monetary compensation, while the rest 18 prefer to reconstruction.

The ForeignCapitalCenter of the Ministry of Railways has entrusted Wisdom ManagementConsulting Co. ,Ltd to formulate the “Resettlement Action Plan”. The plan received on-site data support from China Railway Engineering Consulting Group Co., Ltd. The RAP covers socio-economic survey, resettlement impact census and resettlement scheme planning, according to the final version of feasibility study report in October 2011. The survey covers 22 towns and 100 affected villages, have a sample of 426 households (1303 persons), among them, 336 sample households affected by land requisition, 35.18% of the total number of households affected by land requisition (955 households); 254 demolition sample households, 23.56% of the total demolished households (1078 households). There are 164 households who are impacted by land requisition and demolition, and 172 households are only affected by land requisition. The survey group also learned about opinions and suggestions on the project from the 426 sample households (mainly targeting the head of the household) by means of questionnaires.

Compilation of the Resettlement Action Plan of this project and its implementation will be carried out in strict accordance with policy documents made by the Chinese government and the World Bank Operation policy OP4.12. The implementation of resident resettlement shall strictly adhere to resettlement compensation standards determined by this action plan and any change in the course of implementation should win the agreement of the World Bank. China has worked out complete legal framework and policy system concerning land acquisition, house demolition, resident resettlement and compensation etc. Hebei Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in accordance with the requirements of national laws and policies, have constituted local laws and policies, including “Notice of Hebei Provincial People’s Government on Regional Comprehensive Price of Land Requisition (Jizheng No.〔2008〕132)”, “On Transferring the Notice of ‘Opinions of Five Departments including Provincial Department of Labor and Social Security on Establishing Social Endowment Insurance’ by Hebei Provincial People’s Government, February 17, 2005”, “Notice of the General Office of People’s Government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on Implementing a Unified Annual Production Value and Regional Comprehensive Price of Land Requisition” (Neizhengbanfa No.〔2009〕129), and “On Transferring the Notice of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security on Guiding Opinions on Job Training and Social Security of Requisitioned Peasants by the General Office of the State Council by the the General Office of the People’s Government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region”.

The total budget for compensations on land requisition and resettlement is 807.3592 million Yuan, including 621.2680 million Yuan of resettlement compensation fees, 76.85% of the total investment; 18.63 million Yuan of management fees, 2.31% of the total; 19.6046 million Yuan of social safeguard fees, 2.43% of the total; 83.22 million Yuan of land occupation tax and land development fees, 10.31 % of the total; 2.50 million Yuan of RAP formulation and monitoring & evaluation fees, 0.31% of the total; 62.1268 million Yuan of unforeseeable fees, 7.7% of the total.

With the village as the basic unit, each person shall have o.3 mu farmland, and relevant restoration measures are formulated accordingly. If per capita farmland is less than 0.3 m, multiple measures like monetary compensation, social safeguard measures and training as well as employment recommendation shall be implemented to ensure its income for living. If per capita farmland is more than 0.3 mu (97 villages in total in the project), land adjustment shall be made for resettlement. For the 97 villages choosing land reversion, after coordination through organizing villagers’assembly, per capita farmland in 2 villages is 0.5 mu, and the number keeps 1-1.5 mu in other 95 villages (per capita farmlands in villages whose requisitioned lands are less than 10% before and after the project). The farmland ownership can fully meet the demands of agricultural production after the project.

The two affected provinces adheres to the market-oriented employment mechanism. Through means of professional technical training, job recommendation, development of comprehensive projects to encourage peasants and herdsmen being employed, the two provinces have provided technical support and employment opportunities for peasants whose lands are lessened or lost totally.

There are 1035 rural households (3498 persons) affected by demolition along the line. There are 43 urban households (133 persons) affected by the demolition, who are all residents changing from rural residenceship into urban residenceship, and their housing conditions and located areas being totally similar with surrounding rural houses. Therefore, their houses are treated samely with rural houses. The demolished households in Nandian Village of Hohhot City and Chahaer Economic and Technical Development Zone of Wulanchabu City prefer to local resettlement, with a compensation of new houses. Other districts prefer to unconcentrated self-building resettlement.

Among the 34 enterprises affected by demolition, 18 prefers to reconstruction. Following the willingness of enterprises, governments at the municipal, county, township and village levels will give a support on site selection, reconstruction and production restoration. Enterprises can, in accordance with the local planning and self willingness, choose to have a new site in the local enterprise zone or in the collective lands of the original township or village. Private enterprises normally rent village’s collective lands, after obtaining compensation fees; they could still rent rural collective lands in the original village or in other areas. If the enterprises will not rebuild or open again, resettlement departments and enterprises shall inform the staff 6 months before, so that the staff could find another job. In addition, resettlement departments and enterprises shall provide free training and help introduce new jobs for the staff. All in-kind loss of enterprises, losses of enterprises and staff due to operation stop shall be compensated after market evaluation.

The Ministry of Railways, the preparation group of Huzhang Railway Company, provincial and prefecture governments, as well as resettlement office at different levels shall be responsible for implementing and guiding the resettlement work in the county and village level. Presently, part of local governments at different levels along the line have set up the leading institutions for railway construction for which of the government leaders will be responsible. The people in charge of each part are the member of the institution. Development and Reform Commission of governments at various levels in other regions, if without corresponding institutions, should be in the charge of all related affairs during preparation of this project. Once this project is initiated, local governments at all levels will set railway support offices or similar institutions to cooperate and support railway construction and resettlement.

The affected population should be informed of possible impacts at different stages of this project and participate in negotiation. The stakeholders participating in the negotiation include the heads of influenced household, the village heads and villager representatives, departments of local governments and the disadvantaged group. The information relating to acquisition and resettlement has been broadcasting through public media such as newspaper, broadcasting stations and public announcement etc and meetings at the level of village to stimulate understanding and support of all communities/villages in the project area. Along with the progress of the project, the influenced families will also take part in the negotiation of Resettlement Action Plan and the activities of resident resettlement including detailed measurement, determination of location of flyover, selection of sites of new houses and appeals etc. In the process of specific implementation of land acquisition and resettlement, the influenced population and enterprises can lodge complaints to local administrative departments, government institutions, project owner, external monitoring institutions and courts concerning land acquisition, housing demolition, compensation and resettlement. In addition, the influenced population will often be provided with opportunities to discuss the issues involving compensation and resettlement with the representatives of the organizations of all levels in charge of implementing and managing the project through public meetings, hearing, public negotiation and on-site survey etc.