Online Resource 1: Summary of literature search and list of the selected studies (including Fig. S1, Table S1, Table S2, Table S3 caption, and the full list of references)for the article “Laboratory social environment biases mating outcome: a first quantitative synthesisin a butterfly” by Nieberding and Holveck.

Fig. S1

PRISMA flow diagram summarizing the results of the systematic literature search and study selection criteria and process (after Moher et al. 2009; Nakagawa and Poulin 2012). aImpossible to retrieve sex ratio or density (i.e. cage volume or number of individuals of each sex was not reported). Supplementary Tables S1 and S2 shows studies excluded from analyses, and Table S3 the studies included in the analyses.

Table S1

List of the 38 excluded studies because of unrelated topics

Reference / Topic
Allen (2008) / Evolution and development of wing patterns
Bauerfeind and Fischer (2007) / Evolution of egg size
Beldade et al. (2002) / Evolution and development of wing patterns
Bijlsma and Loeschcke(1997) / Book on environmental stress, adaptation and evolution
Brakefield(2010) / Review/opinion on radiations of Mycalesine butterflies
Brakefield and Kesbeke(1997) / Developmental plasticity of growth
Brakefield and Mazzotta(1995) / Developmental plasticity of wing patterns and life history
Breuker and Brakefield(2003) / Developmental plasticity of wing patterns
Dierks and Fischer (2008) / Food preferences
Everett et al. (2012) / Developmental plasticity of vision
Fischer et al. (2003a) / Plasticity of egg size
Fischer et al. (2010) / Phenotypic plasticity of stress resistance
Franke et al.(2012) / Evolution and plasticity of stress resistance
Franke and Fischer (2013) / Inbreeding depression and plasticity of stress resistance and life history
Geister et al. (2009) / Embryonic development
Koch et al. (2000) / Development of wing patterns
Koch et al. (2003) / Development of wing patterns
Kooi(2000) / Adaption to host plant
Kooi and Brakefield(1999) / Developmental plasticity of wing patterns
Liénard et al. (2014) / Evolution of sex pheromone biosynthetic pathways
Lin et al. (2014) / Gene characterization in another butterfly species
Monteiro et al. (1997) / Evolution and development of wing patterns
Monteiro et al. (2007) / Evolution of wing patterns
Oostra et al. (2014) / Physiological mechanism of developmental plasticity
Pijpe et al. (2008) / Evolution of starvation resistance
Pijpe et al. (2006) / Evolution of lifespan
Saastamoinen et al. (2012) / Evolution of dispersal-related life-history syndromes
Saccheri et al. (1996) / Inbreeding depression and population persistence
Starnecker(1998) / Review/opinion on the evolution of pupae color in bivoltine butterflies
Steigenga and Fischer (2007b) / Developmental plasticity of life history
Steigenga and Fischer (2009) / Adaptive significance of developmental plasticity
Steigenga et al. (2005) / Evolution of egg size plasticity
Vanhoutte et al. (2002) / Identification and evolution of visual pigments
Van't Hof et al. (2008) / Characterization of chromosomes
Van't Hof et al. (2005) / Characterization of microsatellite loci
Vlieger and Brakefield(2007) / Predation
Wasik et al. (2014) / Evolution of wing patterns
Wijngaarden and Brakefield(2000) / Genetic basis of wing patterns

Table S2

List of the 14 relevant studies we excluded from analyses because cage volume or number of individuals of each sex was not reported, thus preventing the estimation of sex ratio or density

Bear et al. (2010)
Brakefield et al. (2009a)
Brakefield et al. (2009b)
Dierks et al. (2012a)
Dierks et al. (2012b)
Fischer (2007)
Fischer (2003b)
Kehl et al. (2013)
Lewis et al. (2010)
Mölleman et al. (2004)
Saccheri et al. (2005)
Steigenga and Fischer (2007a)
Van Oosterhout et al. (2000)
Zijlstra et al. (2002)

Table S3

Between-study comparison of experimental environments, traits under study and main results

See the Online Resource 2“ESM_2_TableS3.xlsx”. References (same ordering as Fig. 1 in Holveck et al. 2015): (1) Brakefield et al. (2001);(2) Breuker and Brakefield (2002); (3) Costanzo and Monteiro (2007);(4) Ferkau and Fischer (2006); (5) Fischer (2006); (6) Fischer et al. (2008); (7) Fischer et al. (2009); (8) Frankino et al. (2005); (9) Frankino et al. (2007); (10) Geister and Fischer (2007); (11) Heuskin et al. (2014); (12) Janowitz and Fischer (2010); (13) Janowitz and Fischer (2011); (14) Janowitz and Fischer (2012); (15) Joron and Brakefield (2003); (16) Karl and Fischer (2013); (17) Karl et al. (2013); (18) Kehl et al. (2014); (19) Lewis and Wedell (2007); (20) Nieberding et al. (2012); (21) Nieberding et al. (2008); (22) Prudic et al. (2011); (23) Robertson and Monteiro (2005); (24) Saccheri and Brakefield (2002); (25) van Bergen et al. (2013); (26) Westerman and Monteiro (2013); (27) Westerman et al. (2014b); (28) Westerman et al. (2012); (29) Westerman et al. (2014a); (30) Zwaan et al. (2008); (31) Holveck et al (2015)

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