# Chemistry Pre-Ap Syllabus

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XAVIER ALMAGUER

**CHEMISTRY PRE-AP SYLLABUS**

2016-2017

**INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: **During the PAP chemistry course, the student will develop

the basic techniques and procedures used in chemistry I including the following

Texas Essential Knowledge Skills (TEKS). Students shall be provided

opportunities to demonstrate the usage of chemical laboratory equipment,

manipulate data, comprehend the structure of the atom, and relate it to chemical

reactions.

**INSTRUCTION STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES:** The objectives will be addressed through a combination of the following strategies:

1. Interactive class discussion and lecture with extensive question and answer

format.

2. Guided practice using sample problems that is extended to independent

practice in problem solving.

3. Laboratories using the scientific method, problem solving and scientific

measurements.

4. Cooperative learning experiences.

5. Conduction of scientific research.

**EVALUATION PROCEDURES:** Student mastery of objectives will be accomplished using

the following strategies:

1. Written exams with questions using extensive problem evaluation and solving

procedures.

2. Laboratory investigations into data collection and analysis.

3. Class work and homework requiring data analysis and problem solving

strategies.

4. Utilization of the Quest electronic practice system.

5. **WORK MUST BE SHOWN ON ALL PROBLEMS TO GET CREDIT.**

GRADING POLICY

Assignments may be entered into more than one category.

TESTS 25%

PROJECTS 20%

**CLASSWORK/HOMEWORK 40%**

**6 WEEKS PARTICIPATION 15% _____**

100%

FALL SEMESTER

**Chapter 1: Safety and Equipment 1.50 Hours**

**LEARNING STANDARDS**

Students Will:

1. Describe and demonstrate laboratory safety rules and procedures.

2. Identify common laboratory safety equipment and its locations.

3. Identify and determine common laboratory equipment and their uses.

4. Demonstrate proper measuring techniques. / 1A, 1B, 1C

**Chapters 1: Chemistry Foundations and Chemical Properties 3.50 Hours**

**LEARNING STANDARDS**

Students Will:

1. Describe and demonstrate the scientific method and its steps.

2. Identify and determine physical and chemical properties of substances.

3. Determine and evaluate chemical and physical changes.

4. Describe and analyze the Laws of Conservation of Mass and Energy. / 1A, 2A,2B,2C, 2D, 3A, 4A, 4B, 4C, 4D

**Chapter 3: Atomic Structure 3.00 Hours**

**LEARNING STANDARDS**

Students Will:

1. Describe and evaluate Dalton’s Atomic Theory.

2. Identify and evaluate protons, neutrons and electrons.

3. Evaluate isotopes and their effect on atomic mass.

4. Describe and differentiate elemental families. / 5A, 5B, 6A, 6D

**Chapter 2: Scientific Measurements 7.50 Hours**

**LEARNING STANDARDS**

Students Will:

1. Describe, discuss, and evaluate the metric system.

2. Solve metric problems.

3. Examine, evaluate, and solve significant digit and scientific notation

problems and situations.

4. Evaluate and solve density problems.

5. Determine and describe specific heat and energy content of chemicals.

6. Analyze and apply dimensional analysis to complex problems. / 2F, 2G, 2H, 2I

**Chapter 4: Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Models 4.50 Hours**

**LEARNING STANDARDS**

Students Will:

1. Evaluate, construct and describe the waves and their use.

2. Evaluate the electromagnetic spectrum predicting and determining energy, wavelength, color and frequency.

3. Use flame tests to identify and determine elemental composition.

4. Describe, evaluate, and assess atomic models and their importance.

5. Use electronic configuration to identify and predict electron location.

6. Construct Aufbau diagrams to describe bond formation. / 6A, 6B, 6C, 6E

Chapter 7: Nomenclature 6.00 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Analyze cation and anion formation and use.

2. Describe and discuss types of chemical formulas.

3. Identify and determine ionic formulas and names.

4. Identify and determine covalent formulas and names.

5. Identify and determine aid formulas and names. / 5B, 6E, 7A, 7B

Chapter 5: Periodic Patterns 4.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and discuss the periodic table and Periodic Law.

2. Describe and identify table divisions and families (metals, nonmetals, Noble gases, etc.)

3. Evaluate and predict periodic patterns including atomic and ionic size, ionization energy, electronegativity, electron affinity.

4. Evaluate and predict elemental reactivity. / 5A, 5B, 5C,6A, 6E

Chapter 3: Moles 3.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Determine gram formula mass for compounds.

2. Describe and evaluate Avogadro’s Hypothesis.

3. Conduct mole conversions.

4. Evaluate and determine percent composition of substances.

5. Determine and predict empirical and molecular formulas for substances. / 8A, 8B, 8C

Chapter 8: Chemical Equations 3.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Explain and construct different types of chemical reactions.

2. Determine and predict reaction types including synthesis, replacement and combustion reactions.

3. Balance and apply Law of Conservation of Mass to chemical reactions.

4. Predict product formation for simple reactions. / 7B, 8D

Chapter 9: Stoichiometry 3.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Apply Law of Conservation of Mass to chemical reactions solving for moles and grams.

2. Determine limiting reactant for a reaction and predict theoretical and percent yield. / 8E

Chapter 6: Ionic Bonding 3.00 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Explain and apply the octet rule.

2. Predict and Identify ionic bond properties.

3. Construct Lewis diagrams of ionic bonds.

4. Describe and explain metallic bonding.

5. Determine and describe crystalline solids. / 7A, 7B, 7C, 7D

Chapter 6: Covalent Bonding 4.00 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and identify molecular orbitals.

2. Describe and distinguish sigma and pi bonds.

3. Construct and evaluate Lewis Structures for covalent bonds.

4. Determine and assess bond polarity.

5. Evaluate and compare ionic and covalent bonds in terms of properties, composition, and polarity.

6. Explain and apply VSEPR Theory.

7. Determine and predict molecular geometry using VSPER and expanded octets.

8. Describe and predict IMF for molecules (i.e. London dispersions, dipole-dipole, and H-bonding) / 7A, 7B, 7C, 7E

SPRING SEMESTER

Chapter 21: Nuclear Reactions 4.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and examine transmutation.

2. Compare and identify alpha, beta, and gamma decay equations and particles.

3. Construct half-life curves predicting decay products and quantities.

4. Describe and evaluate the use of nuclear materials.

5. Compare and evaluate fusion and fission reactions.

6. Describe and debate nuclear waste disposal.

7. Describe and evaluate nuclear problem occurrence.

8. Describe measurement of nuclear radiation. / 12A, 12B, 12C

Chapter 10: States of Matter 6.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and examine phase change and the energy involved.

2. Describe and evaluate sublimation.

3. Examine and analyze the kinetic theory.

4. Describe and determine gas pressure and its measurement. / 11C, 11D

Chapter 12: Properties of Water6.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and evaluate the properties of water.

2. Compare and evaluate the types of solutions.

3. Evaluate and predict the conductivity of solutions.

4. Compare and evaluate solutions, suspensions, and colloids. / 10A, 10B, 10E

Chapter 11: Gas Behavior 7.00 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Evaluate and compare Boyles, Charles, and Gay-Lussac’s Laws.

2. Describe and explain the Ideal Gas Law and Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures.

3. Explain effusion and compare flow rates and molecule size.

4. Calculate and predict changes in T, P, V, and n for gases. / 9A, 9B, 9C

Chapter 12 & 13: Solutions 6.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe, compare, and determine the types of solutions (unsaturated, saturated, and supersaturated).

2. Describe and analyze solvation and solubility and the effect temperature plays in them.

3. Formulate and examine molarity, molality, and dilution.

4. Analyze colligative properties and predict the effect of changing solutes on them. / 10A, 10B, 10C, 10D, 10E, 10F

Chapter 16, 17, and 18: Energy and Equilibrium 7.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and evaluate activation energy and energy curves.

2. Predict the change in activation energy due to factors such as catalysts, temperature, concentration, and particle size.

3. Investigate and explain calorimetry.

4. Examine and predict enthalpy and entropy for a reaction.

5. Describe and determine Gibb’s Free Energy and its effect on spontaneity.

6. Describe equilibrium and the changes to it based on LeChatlier.

7. Describe and predict solubility of compounds in water. / 11A, 11B, 11C, 11D, 11E

Chapter 14: Acid and Base Theory 8.00 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Evaluate and compare pH and pOH.

2. Compare and assess acids and bases as described by their theories.

3. Describe and explain acid and base reactions and strength.

4. Select and justify chemicals as acid or base.

5. Explain and analyze titration and equivalence point for strong acid/ strong base reactions.

6. Describe indicator use, selection, and color changes. / 10G, 10I, 10J

Chapter 29: Oxidation/ Reduction Reactions 5.50 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Describe and identify oxidation and reduction in reactions. Verify oxidizing and reducing agents.

2. Compare and identify a half-reaction as oxidation or reduction.

3. Balance redox equations in acid and base systems. / 10H

Chapter 20: Electrochemical Cells 5.00 Hours

TOPICS COVERED / LEARNING STANDARDSStudents Will:

1. Construct and analyze voltaic cells, determining cathode, anode, and electron flow.

2. Compare and evaluate dry and wet cells.

3. Predict cell potential from reactions and voltaic cells.

4. Investigate the process of corrosion and its prevention.

5. Describe and discuss electrolysis and its use. / 10H

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CHEMISTRY I FALL SYLLABUS

Please sign and return.

DATE:______STUDENT SIGNATURE:______

PERIOD:______STUDENT NAME (PRINTED):______

PARENT SIGNATURE:______

X. Almaguer;8/19/2016 10:02 AM