AP Euro Unit 7 Exam, Chapters 22-24 Study Guide
1.The Second French Republic ended in 1851 when what happened?
2.Under the Second Empire, Napoleon III was most interested in what policies?
3.England and France entered the Crimean War in 1854 because they feared growing influence in the Mediterranean by______.
4. What was the overall result of the Crimean War?
5.The prime minister of Piedmont who organized the Italian unification movement was ______.
6.The romantic nationalist who challenged Cavour for control of southern Italy was ______.
7.The final act of Italian unification occurred in 1870 when what happened?
8.The Red Shirts fought for ______.
9.Otto von Bismarck, the Prussian-born leader of German unification, practiced what policy?
10.The Zollverein describes what in Germany?
11.Describe the chancellor of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck and his goals.
12.What were the results of Bismarck's Austro-Prussian War?
13.What were the immediate origins of the Franco-Prussian War?
14.What were the consequences of France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War?
15.What ws the Ausgleich or Compromise of 1867
16.What happened to minorities under the Dual Monarchy of Austria and Hungary?
17.The reforms of Tsar Alexander II centered around the abolition of ______.
18.What were the Russian zemstvos?
19.The Russian group People's Will assassinated ______.
20.What were the key political consequences of Disraeli's Reform Act of 1867?
21.Describe the ideas in The Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels.
22.Describe Charles Darwin and his evolutionary theory.
23.The dominant literary and artistic movement in the 1850s and 1860s was ______.
24.Describe literary realism.
25.The nineteenth century composer associated with the concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total art work") was
26.Describe the emergence of the late nineteenth century "mass society”.
27.By 1871, the focus of Europeans' lives had become the ______.
28.What lead the way to new industrial frontiers during the Second Industrial Revolution?
29.Who was key to the development of the automobile?
30.Industrialization in Japan was the result of ______.
31.After 1870, who replaced Great Britain as the leading industrial power in Europe?
32.In late nineteenth-century Europe, increased competition for foreign markets and the growing importance of domestic demand for economic development led to what kind of reaction?
33.How did employment opportunities for women change during the Second Industrial Revolution?
34.A rise in female prostitution in European cities during the later nineteenth century can best be attributed to what?
35.By 1912, what was the single largest political party in Germany?
36.An issue that brought socialists together in the nineteenth century was the desire to ______.
37.Describe the trade union movement prior to World War I.
38.Initially, trade unions in the first half of the nineteenth century functioned primarily as ______.
39.Anarchist movements were most successful in what areas?
40.What accounted for the increasing population in Europe between 1850 and 1880? (several answers)
41.List some reforms in urban living.
42.The upper classes in the late nineteenth century included what groups of people?
43.Describe the middle classes of nineteenth-century Europe.
44.The largest segment of European society in the nineteenth century was composed of ______.
45. What methods were used to limit family size in the late nineteenth century? (Several answers)
46.Describe European middle-class families during the late nineteenth century.
47.Describe most European educational systems by 1900.
48.When the Irish representative in Parliament Charles Parnell called for "home rule," what was he requesting?
49.What did the English Reform Act of 1884 do?
50.Louis Napoleon's Second Empire was brought to an end by ______.
51.What was the end result of the Boulanger Crisis in France?
52.Describe the status Spain and Italy in the late nineteenth century?
53.Describe Germany under chancellor Otto von Bismarck?
54.What problems did Austria-Hungary face before World War I?
55.The policy pursued by Russia's Alexander III and Nicholas II after the assassination of Alexander II was ______.
56.Inquiry into the disintegrative processes within atoms became a central theme in the new physics in part due to the experimental work of ______.
57.The quantum theory of energy developed by Max Planck raised fundamental questions about what?
58.Describe the beliefs of Nietzsche.
59.In Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, the process that drives unwanted thoughts into the unconscious is known as
60.Using Darwin's terminology, Herbert Spencer argued what about societies?
61.What was the greatest difference between naturalism and realism in literature?
62.How would Emile Zola explain his use of naturalism in his novels and his depiction of characters?
63.In his encyclical De RerumNovarum (1891), Pope Leo XIII said what regarding socialism?
64.Camille Pissarro should be associated with what art movement?
65.Modernism in music included what elements or characteristics?
66.To advance the cause of women's suffrage, the Women's Social and Political Union founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters took what approach?
67.During the nineteenth century, how were most Jews treated in Europe?
68.Theodor Herzl, the leader of the Zionist movement advocated the creation of what?
69.Describe the ideas of Britain's Fabian Socialists.
70.Among the notable achievements of the British Liberals under Lloyd George was the passage of the ______.
71.The event which exemplified renewed anti-Semitism in France in the late nineteenth century was the ______.
72.Growing tensions in modern German society were exemplified by the growth of what beliefs?
73.Russia's disastrous defeat in the Russo-Japanese war indirectly led to what event?
74.What were the arguments to justify imperialism at the turn of the century?
75.The Boer War was fought by the British in ______.
76.Describe the Meiji Restoration in Japan.
77.What changes did British rule bring to India in the late nineteenth century?
78.What was the basis or goal of the Bismarckian System?
79.What was the ultimate result of the Bismarckian System?
80.Which revolutionary leader helped overthrow the Manchu dynasty of China in 1912?