ACF Fall 2007: Vavilov, actually
Packet by Chicago A (David, Dani, Steve, Chris), Drake A (Brendan Byrne, Steve Wise, Derek Olson, Katie Fink, Dan Weflen, and Sarah Arlien), UNC A (Lenny Evans, Sara Garnett, Philip Marschall, Will Schultz, Clayton Thomas)
1. A tense moment in this novel comes when a band in Piccadilly nervously awaits the arrival of the title character, who tells the protagonist that he wishes to be "among the millions." Minor characters in this novel include the American Quincy Morris and Peter Hawkins, who sends the protagonist to discuss a real estate venture with the title character. Dr. Seward presides over the care of Arthur Holmwood’s fiancée, and his insect-eating patient Renfield can conveniently detect the title character’s movements. Lucy Westenra dies despite the efforts of Abraham Van Helsing in, FTP, what novel about Jonathan Harker’s struggle with the titular blood-sucking count by Bram Stoker?
2. One of its member’s sons, Montgomery, would later go on to serve as Postmaster-General under Abraham Lincoln. Its name was first made public in an article written by Senator George Poindexter, and members included its leader’s adopted son, Andrew Donelson, and the editor of the Washington Globe, Francis Blair. It first came to prominence after a purge in the wake of the Peggy Eaton scandal, and provided a counterpart to such officially titled dissenters as John Calhoun. FTP, name this group of informal advisors to Andrew Jackson.
ANSWER: “The Bitchin’” Kitchen Cabinet
3. This city is situated northeast of its neighboring cities Drammen and Skien and just west of its country’s longest river, the Glama. Its sights include Frogner Park, which is home to many works of the sculptor Gustav Vigeland, and the Akhersus Fortress, a medieval castle sitting on this city’s Aker River. It’s also the site of its nation’s parliament, called the Storting, and the hugely underrated Kon-Tiki Museum. FTP, name this city once known as Christiania located on its namesake fjord in the North Sea, which is the capital of Norway.
4. Defects in mannose phosphorylation lead to their failure and I-cell disease, characterized by inclusion bodies similar to those seen in Tay-Sachs disease. In excess, Vitamin A can induce hepatotoxicity by weakening the membrane of these organelles in the liver. This break in their membrane releases hydrolytic enzymes, which cause the death of the cell. FTP, name these organelles active during apoptosis, which act as the digestive system of the cell.
5. This man’s last work was a hexagonal structure with a tall central spire, the North Christian Church. He co-designed the ninth Case Study House with Charles Eames, a Streamline Moderne structure for John Entenza. He designed the canoe-shaped Kresge Auditorium and a cylindrical chapel for MIT, and furniture like the metal-framed Womb Chair and molded plastic Tulip Chair. His constructions include the thin-shell projections of the TWA Flight Center and the concave roof of Dulles International, and another of his works was based on Hannskarl Bandel’s modification to a catenary. FTP, name this designer of the Gateway Arch, a Finnish-American dude whose father Eliel was also an architect.
ANSWER: Eero Saarinen
6. This author explained his philosophy of writing in The Curtain: An Essay in Seven Parts and wrote about two émigrés meeting in a Paris airport in his recent novel Ignorance. He wrote a fictional biography of the poet Jaromil in Life is Elsewhere, while Ludvik, Kostka, and Jaroslav are among the narrators of his first novel, The Joke. He described life in his native country through such characters as Marketa and Mirek in The Book of Laughter and Forgetting, while his most famous novel sees the doctor Tomas lose his job for criticizing communists during Prague Spring. FTP, name this Czech author of The Unbearable Lightness of Being.
ANSWER: Milan Kundera
7. Helmholtz separability depends on one of these due to Stäckel. These mathematical objects have a property known as n-linearity. There is a Sylvester identity and Cauchy theorem about them. A version of them is applicable to quadratic forms. The cross product can be generalized to n dimensions if it is treated as one of these operations performed on n minus one n-vectors, a fact often exploited in 3-space. Ratios of these functions can be used solve linear equations by Cramer’s Rule. If this vanishes for a matrix, the matrix is called singular. FTP, what is this matrix function that, for a 2-by-2 matrix a b c d, is ad minus bc?
8. The last ruler of the dynasty named for this man enjoyed successes against the Avars along the Danube and gained concessions from the Sassanids by placing Khurso II on that throne. The third emperor of this namesake dynasty suffered from bouts of insanity after the loss of Dara and named Tiberius II as his co-ruler and successor. In addition to the founder of the exarchate of Ravenna, the emperor Maurice, this dynasty included a namesake founder, who sent such generals as Narses and Belisarius to conquer parts of Italy, North Africa, and Spain and put down the Nika revolt. FTP, name this Byzantine dynasty, whose namesake was the husband of Theodora and the author of a famed legal code.
ANSWER: Justinian Dynasty
9. A “Pezzo Elegiaco” and a massive set of variations are the two movements of his A minor piano trio, and he also wrote a set of Variations on a Rococo Theme for cello and orchestra. He wrote a symphonic poem based on the fifth canto from Dante’s Inferno, Francesca da Rimini. The soloist enters with crashing D-flat major chords in his Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor. His third symphony is sometimes known as the “Polish,” and his last, whose second movement is a waltz-like piece in 5/4 time, is a B minor work usually referred to as the “Pathetique.” FTP, identify this Russian composer also known for the 1812 Overture and ballets like SwanLake and The Nutcracker.
ANSWER: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
10. Eumelos relates that this figure buried Neleus in a secret location, preventing even Nestor from knowing of it, and that his reign in Ephyra was preceded by that of Medea. According to Probus, he stole the horses of Diomedes from Herakles by pulling them backwards. In some traditions, this man, upon finding the body of Melikertes, initiated the Isthmian games, and in others, because Autolykos found him to be cleverer than himself, he was given a night with Antiklea, fathering Odysseus. He is best known for twice deceiving gods, when he tricked Thanatos into chains and when he charmed Persephone into letting him leave Tartaros. The son of Aeolus, FTP, identify this trickster condemned to eternally roll a boulder uphill, only to see it fall back down.
11. Mr. Burns informs Smithers that one of these "is going to need most of your skin" after it is injured in a knife fight conducted in international waters. On Futurama, one of these named Gunther decides he wants to be moderately intelligent and wear a suit, so he promptly transfers to business school. One of them reveals Marion's location to the Nazis before performing a Hitler salute in Raiders of the Lost Ark. A character played by Bruce Willis is sent back in time to prevent the release of a deadly virus in a 1995 movie whose title refers to twelve of them. An undersexed one of these named Marcel is adopted then donated to the San Diego Zoo by Ross Geller, and the Rage virus in 28 Days Later is released when activists free infected ones. FTP, name these animals whose ranks include Abu from Aladdin and Curious George.
ANSWER: monkeys [or chimpanzees or chimps]
12. Footage shot by the American missionary John Magee was used in a documentary on this event entitled “The Black Sun,” and Magee was part of a group of twenty expatriates who formed the International Safety Zone to intervene in this event. Afterwards, the occupiers distributed opium, heroin, and morphine to the city’s population. It was preceded by the “kill one hundred people using a sword contest”; the winner, Toshiaki Mukai, was one of several officers later executed for atrocities committed during this event, which is still omitted from history textbooks in Japan. More than 300,000 Chinese died, and more than 80,000 women were raped, during, FTP, what 1937 massacre of a Chinese city by Japanese forces?
ANSWER: The Rape of Nanking [or Nanking Massacre; accept versions with "Nanjing"]
13. He compared “the struggling tides of life” to “eddies of the mighty stream / that rolls to its appointed end” in “The Crowded Street.” He wrote about the replacement of Native American societies with the “advancing multitude” of American settlers in a poem about “the gardens of the desert,” “The Prairies.” This author of “To Cole, the Painter, Departing for Europe” and “To the Fringed Gentian” published the Federalist satire Embargo in 1804. He first gained fame at seventeen for a poem arguing that deceased souls become part of nature; that poem’s title means “meditation upon death.” FTP, name this American poet of “To a Waterfowl” and “Thanatopsis.”
ANSWER: William Cullen Bryant
14. A differential version of this statement can be obtained by taking the equality in the combined law of thermodynamics. The Born-Haber technique assumes this physical rule to calculate lattice energies; other techniques pertinent to this law include calorimetric determination and determination of standard properties of formation. Also known as the law of constant heat summation, this law is concomitant with the fact that enthalpy is a state function. FTP, identify this law named after a German chemist which states that the enthalpy change in a chemical reaction is the same regardless of its path.
ANSWER: Hess’ law [accept law of constant heat summation before it is mentioned]
15. He argued that classical economics focused on artificial equilibriums in “Why is Economics not an Evolutionary Science?” and claimed that Bismarck’s autocracy gave Prussia a technical advantage in “Imperial Germany and the Industrial Revolution.” He postulated a tech-savvy class in conflict with the business elite in The Engineers and the Price System and criticized colleges run by businessmen in The Higher Learning in America. This author of The Theory of Business Enterprise cited the potlatch custom in another work as an example of frivolous spending to achieve social status. FTP, name this economist who postulated “conspicuous consumption” in The Theory of the Leisure Class.
ANSWER: Thorstein Bunde Veblen or Tosten Bunde Veblen
16. He first made his mark during his service in Palestine, where he helped conduct a geographic survey of much of the area west of the Jordan River. Eventually killed by a German mine while on board the Hampshire, his mustachioed countenance adorned many a British World War I recruiting poster, part of his successful effort to recruit volunteers as Secretary of State for War. Earlier, he had introduced concentration camps and the "scorched earth" tactic while commanding British forces in the Boer War. FTP, name this Governor of Egypt, who in 1898 defeated the Mahdi at Omdurman.
ANSWER: Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener
17. Raymond Geselbracht contrasts this painting with the artist’s bedroom scene Chambered Nautilus, and its central figure appeared seated and scowling in another painting called “Anna.” A still-life by the same artist features a central blue door and is named for this painting’s central figure and Alvaro. Seven crooked and unevenly spaced posts demarcate a fence that sits in front of a shed and the two-gabled Olson house in this work’s upper right corner. A barn is depicted in the upper middle of this painting set in Cushing, Maine that is rife with brownish grass. FTP, name this painting depicting a paralyzed girl in a pink dress looking towards her home, a work of Andrew Wyeth.
ANSWER: Christina’s World
18. This novel was written as a response to the idealism of R. M. Ballantyne’s The Coral Island. One character in this novel throws stones at Henry, but intentionally misses. A climactic event in this novel occurs at Castle Rock, where one character is killed by a boulder released by Roger. In its eighth chapter, Simon loses consciousness after imagining himself engulfed by the mouth of the title entity. In its last chapter, Sam and Eric reveal the hiding place of the protagonist, who is hunted by Jack after the death of Piggy leaves him as the lone representative of order. A group of boys degenerate into savagery after being shipwrecked on an island in, FTP, what novel by William Golding?
ANSWER: Lord of the Flies
19. Because of its insolubility in blood it can be used to calculate the functional residual capacity of the lungs through the dilution method. Its high thermal conductivity makes it necessary in thermoacoustic refrigerators, and it is also useful in the production of rocket fuel as it condenses oxygen and hydrogen. Rutherford's gold foil experiment made use of this element's nuclei, and it is created constantly by the fusion of hydrogen atoms in stars, making it the 2ndmost abundant element in the universe. FTP, name this noble gas with atomic number 2 that one can inhale from party balloons to great amusement.
20. Believed to be the source for the Cambodian god Preas Prohm, this god once had his beard turned red by the powerful weapon of Jalamdhara and gave qualified immortality to Taraka. He was charmed by an arrow into screwing his daughter immediately after the birth of Kama. The temple at Pushkar is one of the few dedicated to this god, who sprouted a new head to look at Satarupa every time she moved. Born with a thousand thighs, heads, arms, and eyes as the being Purusha, he is attended by the swan Hamsa, and his wife is the goddess of learning Sarasvati. His masculine name is similar to the neuter word for the principle underlying the universe, as well as to the name of the highest caste. FTP, name this often four-headed and four-handed creator-god of Hinduism.
21. The naming of Yuan-chan as an Imperial Consort brings great pride to the family in the beginning of this work, and her later death begins the clan’s fall from favor. Early versions of the novel, featuring 80 chapters, were hand copied with commentary by Red Inkstone. Compassion Spring, Pervading Fragrance, and Bright Design are serving maids of the protagonist, who is tricked by the Chia family, including Madame Wang and the Lady Dowager, into agreeing to marry Pao-Chai, after which Tai-yu, or Black Jade, dies. Pao-yu is born with a mystical jade piece in his mouth at the beginning of, FTP, which Qing dynasty classic, written by Cao Xueqin?
ANSWER: Dream of the Red Chamber [or A Dream of Red Mansions or Story of the Stone or Honglou Meng; accept clear knowledge equivalents]
22. Anger over them led to Culpeper's Rebellion and to the appointment of Edmond Andros as governor of the new Dominion of New England. Repealed officially in 1849, they were accompanied by the Staple Act and targeted items subject to "enumeration." They included the Iron Act and an act making French molasses prohibitively expensive. FTP, name this series of acts, first passed in 1660 and a prime example of British mercantilism, which made the American colonies pay extra for non-British goods.
ANSWER: Navigation Acts
23. This work is often published with prefatory letters between such figures as Guillaume Budé, Thomas Lupset, Jerome Busleiden, and Peter Giles, one of which blames an ill-timed cough for difficulty in locating the title entity. There is a reference to Plato in a verse written by the poet laureate of the title location, whose capital, situated near the river Anider, is called Amaurot. That poet laureate is also the nephew of the Portuguese traveler who happens upon the titular crescent-shaped island, Raphael Hythloday. FTP, identify this philosophical novel by Thomas More that depicts a perfect society.
24. Honey and sweeteners should not be fed to infants because they are more vulnerable to this entity, due to a lack of helpful bacteria in their intestines. Like tetanus, its causative agent is a member of the clostridium family; however, unlike tetanus it primarily affects the motor endplate. The toxin underlying this disease cleaves SNARE proteins, preventing acetylcholine release and inducing paralysis. For ten points name this disease which can be acquired both through food and Botox injections gone awry.
ACF Fall 2007: Vavilov, actually
Packet by ChicagoA (names), UNC (names), Drake A (names)
1. Identify these characters created by Herman Melville, FTPE:
 This monomaniacal captain of the Pequod is obsessed with killing Moby-Dick, who pulls him into the ocean after the rope of his harpoon curls around his neck.
 This title character of a “Story of Wall Street” answers his employer’s questions about his refusal to work by saying “I would prefer not to.” He dies in prison after his employer changes offices to avoid him.