THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND – GRADE 10-12
The Canadian Navy in Action:
The Battle of the Atlantic
The goal of this lesson is to make students aware of the role played by the Canadian Navy in the Second World War. Students will begin by exploring the Navy Centennial section of The Canadian Atlas Online. They will complete a graphic organizer about the Canadian Navy. Next, students will read about the Battle of the Atlantic and answer a series of questions. Finally, they will choose one of the following activities to expand their knowledge of the Canadian Navy. The activities are: (A) Writing a reflection on the HMCS Baddeck or HMCS Moose Jaw, (B) Canadian Naval Vessels PowerPoint Presentation or (C) Battle of the Atlantic Picture Book.
Grades 10-12 (secondary school)
Three classes are required to complete this lesson.
Atlantic Provinces Curriculum for Social Studies: Council of Atlantic Ministers of Education and Training (CAMET): Prince Edward Island
Additional Resources, Materials and Equipment Required
Access to LCD projector, Computer Lab
- Student Activity #1: The Canadian Navy Online
- Student Activity #2: The Battle of the Atlantic
Student Activity #3A: Write a reflection on the HMCS Baddeck or HMCS Moose Jaw
Student Activity #3B: Canadian Naval Vessels PowerPoint Presentation
Student Activity #3C: Battle of the Atlantic Picture Book
- Assessment Rubric for Student Activity #3B
Student access to the internet
The Canadian Atlas Online – Navy Centennial
Veterans Affairs Canada – The Battle of the Atlantic
Juno Beach Centre – HMCS Baddeck and Convoy SC-48
Juno Beach Centre – HMCS Moose Jaw and the sinking of U-501
Juno Beach Centre – The Battle of the Atlantic
Historical Photo Gallery – Veterans Affairs Canada
Veterans Affairs Canada – Educational Resource Kits
Veterans Affairs Canada – The Battle of the Atlantic Video
The lesson is designed to increase students’ understanding and appreciation of the Canadian Navy. They will use the Canadian Atlas Online and other sources to strengthen research, writing and geographic skills. It is hoped that students will explore other themes in the Canadian Atlas Online and be motivated to investigate the Canadian Armed Forces in greater depth.
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
- Use the Internet for research and complete a PowerPoint presentation;
- Read, compare and interpret Merchant Ship Losses Maps;
- Answer questions about the Battle of the Atlantic;
- Research and gain an understanding of the Canadian Navy’s role in the Second World War;
Use The Canadian Atlas Online for research.
The LessonTeacher Activity / Student Activity
Introduction/ 1) Display The Canadian Atlas Online on an LCD and demonstrate how to navigate the site.
2) Distribute “Student Activity #1: The Canadian Navy Online” and instruct students to complete the graphic organizer. / 1) Visit The Canadian Atlas Online website and complete the graphic organizer.
Lesson Development/ 1) Distribute copies of “Student Activity #2: The Battle of the Atlantic”.
2) Review the instructions and ask students to complete the activity. / 1) Students read about the Battle of the Atlantic and complete the activity.
Conclusion/ 1) Ask students to complete ONE of the following activities:
(A) Write a reflection on the HMCS Baddeck or HMCS Moose Jaw. (B) Canadian Naval Vessels PowerPoint Presentation
(C) Battle of the Atlantic Picture Book
2) Collect the assignments for assessment. / 1) Choose and complete one of the three assignments.
2) Submit the completed activities.
- Complete a virtual tour of Veterans Affairs Canada:
- Create a bulletin board display about the Navy Centennial celebrations that illustrates the role of the Canadian Navy in the past and present.
- Explore various careers that exist in the Canadian Navy.
Assessment of Student Learning
Assess the graphic organizer.
Assess the answers to ‘The Battle of the Atlantic’ questions.
Assess the student-selected activity: Writing a reflection on the HMCS Baddeck or HMCS Moose Jaw, Canadian Naval Vessels PowerPoint Presentation (see Rubric), or the Battle of the Atlantic Picture Book.
- The Canadian Atlas Online
Battle of the Atlantic - Canada’s role and the HMCS Waskesiu
Article on the Battle of the Atlantic
- The Battle of the Atlantic (British resource)
Link to Canadian National Standards for Geography
Essential Element #4: Human Systems
- Cooperation and Conflict in the division and control of Earth’s surface
Geographic Skill #2: Acquiring Geographic information
- Systematically locate and gather geographic information from a variety of primary and secondary sources.
Student Activity #1: The Canadian Navy Online
A. Go to The Canadian Atlas Online – Navy Centennial.
B. Find the answer to each question and type your answer in the appropriate square.Basics / Fleet / Navy Life
When was the Canadian Navy officially established? Since then, how many people and ships have been part of the Canadian Navy? / Explain the history of naming ships. / What is the role of the Naval Reserve?
How big was the Canadian Navy during the Second World War? (ships and sailors) / Today, the Canadian Navy has five main types of ships. List them by name and give the number of each type. / What is the top position in the Canadian Navy?
What role does the Canadian Navy play in the conflict in Afghanistan? / Describe Canada’s supply ships in detail. / List three basic criteria that a candidate for the Navy must meet before their application can be accepted.
What challenges will the Canadian Forces face in the future? / What does MARLANT stand for? / Explain the tradition of crossing the equator.
Student Activity #2: The Battle of the Atlantic
Go to Veterans Affairs Canada – The Battle of the Atlantic.
Click on each topic in sequence and answer the following questions on a separate page.
1. What made the Battle of the Atlantic so dangerous?
- How many ships and what types of ships did the Canadian Navy have at the beginning of the war?
- Define and explain the terms U-Boat and wolf pack.
- What did the Canadian Navy do to combat the U-boats?
- What was the role of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)?
- Compare the Map Merchant Ship Losses in the Atlantic January 1, 1942 to July 31, 1942 found in topic link “The Campaign Moves to North American Waters” and the Map Merchant Ship Losses in the Atlantic August 1, 1942 to May 31, 1943. Make four observations using the two maps.
- Explain the convoy system.
- What happened in March 1943? (See the section entitled “The grimmest period”).
- What was the turning point in the Battle of the Atlantic?
- Summarize Canada’s role in the Battle of the Atlantic.
- How many Canadian lives were lost during the Battle of the Atlantic?
Student Activity #3A:
Writing a reflection on the HMCS Baddeck or HMCS Moose Jaw
Instructions: Research the HMCS Baddeck or the HMCS Moose Jaw and the sinking of U-501. Read the corresponding articles below. Search for another online source as well. From your reading and research, write a reflection on what it would feel like to be a Canadian sailor on convoy duty during the Battle of the Atlantic. Although the content of the reflection is to be based on what you think and how you integrate ideas, there should also be depth, connections, evidence of understanding, and broad integration of ideas.
1) Juno Beach Centre – HMCS Baddeck and Convoy SC-48
2) Juno Beach Centre – HMCS Moose Jaw and the sinking of U-501
3) Juno Beach Centre – The Battle of the Atlantic
Student Activity #3B:
Canadian Naval Vessels PowerPoint Presentation
- Choose a ship that served in the Second World War from the list below or ask your teacher about a Canadian Naval vessel that is not on this list.
Name/Nom Type DateAlberni CO 2/1941 – 8/1944
Annapolis (I) DE 9/1940 – 6/1945
Arrowhead CO 5/1941 – 6/1945
Assiniboine (I) DE 10/1939 – 8/1945
Athabaskan (I) DE 2/1943 – 4/1944
Atholl CO 10/1943 – 7/1945
Baddeck CO 5/1941 – 7/1945
Barrie CO 5/1941 – 6/1945
Battleford CO 7/1941 – 7/1945
Bellechasse MS 12/1941 – 10/1945
Border Cities MS 5/1944 – 1/1946
Bowmanville CO 9/1944 – 2/1946
Buckingham FR 11/1944 – 3/1965*
Cape Breton (II) EM 1/1953 – 2/1964*
Cartier TS 9/1914 – 12/1941*
Chilliwack CO 4/1941 – 7/1945
Comox (I) MS 11/1938 – 7/1945
Dundalk TA 11/1943 – 4/1946
Fort Ramsay SH 5/1942 – 7/1945
Gatineau (I) DE 6/1943 – 1/1946 /
Name/Nom Type DateHaida DE 8/1943 – 10/1963*
Halifax (I) CO 11/1941 – 7/1945
Iroquois (I) DE 11/1942 – 10/1962*
Kentville MS 10/1942 – 11/1957*
Lindsay CO 11/1943 – 7/1945
Micmac DE 9/1945 – 3/1964*
Nanaimo (I) CO 4/1941 – 9/1945
New Glasgow FR 12/1943 – 1/1967*
Oshawa MS 7/1944 – 11/1958
Ottawa (I) DE 6/1938 – 9/1942
Prince Rupert FR 8/1943 – 1/1946
Rimouski CO 4/1941 – 7/1945
Saguenay (I) DE 5/1931 – 7/1945
Stadacona (II) SH 7/1923 – 4/1966
St. Clair DE 9/1940 – 8/1944
Timmins CO 2/1942 – 7/1945
Trois-Rivières MS 8/1942 – 7/1945
Wallaceburg MS 11/1943 – 9/1957*
Wasaga MS 6/1941 – 10/1945
Wetaskiwin CO 12/1940 – 6/1945
Winnipeg (I) MS 7/1943 – 1/1946
- Create and present a 5 minute PowerPoint Presentation (8-12 slides) with the following information:
- Name of the ship and when and where it was commissioned. (2 pts)
- Picture of your ship. (2 pts)
- A summary of the ship’s major deployments, actions, battles. (13 pts)
- What makes this ship significant to Canada? (5 pts)
- Design a recruitment flyer/poster for the Canadian Navy. The flyer/poster should feature: your ship, contact information (to enlist), symbol or logo that relates to the Navy, 3 items that describe the type of work, achievements, or qualities of a sailor on this ship. (7pts)
- Sources (cite at least 3) 1 pt
POWERPOINT TOTAL = 30 pts.
Student Activity #3C: Battle of the Atlantic Picture Book
Prepare a picture book that illustrates the Battle of the Atlantic. Use a media type of your choice. Create a photo gallery with 15 images and captions. Your book requires a title and must have a theme. There should be a short summary that describes your theme (100 words) and explains why you chose it.
- Title (1 pt)
- Evidence of a clear theme (3 pts)
- Images and captions (15X2=30pts)
- Summary (6 pts)
Picture Book Total = 40 pts
Possible web sites to use:
1) Historical Photo Gallery – Veterans Affairs Canada
2) Veterans Affairs Canada – Educational Resource Kits
3) Veterans Affairs Canada – The Battle of the Atlantic Video
Assessment Rubric for Student Activity #3B
Canadian Naval Vessels Presentation SkillsCATEGORY / 2 / 1.5 / 1 / .5
Time Limit / Presentation is 4-6 minutes long. / Presentation is 3 minutes long. / Presentation is 2 minutes long. / Presentation is less than 2 minutes OR more than 6 minutes.
Speaks Clearly / Speaks clearly and distinctly all (100-95%) the time, and mispronounces no words. / Speaks clearly and distinctly all (100-95%) the time, but mispronounces one word. / Speaks clearly and distinctly most (94-85%) of the time. Mispronounces no more than one word. / Often mumbles or cannot be understood OR mispronounces more than one word.
Uses Complete Sentences / Always (99-100% of time) speaks in complete sentences. / Mostly (80-98%) speaks in complete sentences. / Sometimes (70-80%) speaks in complete sentences. / Rarely speaks in complete sentences.
Posture and Eye Contact / Stands up straight, looks relaxed and confident. Establishes eye contact with everyone in the room during the presentation. / Stands up straight and establishes eye contact with everyone in the room during the presentation. / Sometimes stands up straight and establishes eye contact. / Slouches and/or does not look at people during the presentation.
Content / Shows a full understanding of the topic. / Shows a good understanding of the topic. / Shows a good understanding of parts of the topic. / Does not seem to understand the topic very well.
PRESENTATION SKILLS = 10 pts.
Presentation Content (30pts) plus Presentation Skills (10pts) equals a total of 40 pts.