Primer Instructions

Primer Instructions



Surface Preparation: Surface must be clean and dry, free from all grease, wax, oil, polish, loose paint, dirt, rust or other contamination. Clean with a strong abrasive detergent, rinse well and allow to dry. Scrub moldy or mildewed surfaces with bleach and rinse well. When priming hard, glossy surfaces, metal or pre-finished siding clean per SSPC-SP1, which is solvent cleaning. Wipe down the surface with Xylene. Do not use mineral spirits, turpentine solvents that will leave oily residues. For very hard, glossy surfaces such as VCT, roughing the surface with silicon carbide sandpaper before applying the Bonder is necessary for best adhesion. For wood lightly sand to remove any Mil finish or other surface films. If coating over concrete, surface should be grinded or acid etched.

Building Material Plastic: More and more plastics are used in the building industry, including PVC sheeting and piping, vinyl shutters, vinyl molding and mill work, laminated Formica paneling and cabinets as well as fiberglass garage doors and other molded parts. First, remove old and loose paint then clean away wax, polish, grease, oil and other contaminants from the surface with a strong abrasive detergent. Wipe the surface with a cleaning solvent such as xylene. Dry, then scuff sand the surface for maximum adhesion. Apply the primer. wait 3 hours and coat with either the ArmorTop or Ultra Epoxy System.

Tile, Glazed Block and Brick, Porcelain: Decorative surfaces such as these can be restored and painted. First remove old paint and debris. Repair or patch any broken or damaged areas. Then clean away any wax, polish, grease, oil and other contaminants with a strong abrasive detergent. Wipe the surface with a cleaning solvent such as xylene. For maximum adhesion scuff sand with carbide sandpaper or etch the surface with Muriatic acid in a 2 parts water to 1 part acid mix. Sprinkle etching solution onto wet surface and scrub in, let sit for 10 minutes, sprinkle baking soda onto wet surface to neutralize acid and brush in then rinse well to remove any etching residues and allow to dry. Apply the primer and allow to dry for 3 hours then apply the topcoat. Not recommended for sinks, tubs or shower areas where continuous water or hot water can be present. Note: where flexible seams or soft caulking are present, do not paint over with the primer, fill in any cracks or spalls with Armor Crack & Joint Compound and allow to cure overnight before priming. Always plan your job ahead and apply any caulking needed after painting. Always caulk edges or seams that can trap and hold moisture and, therefore, become the source of coating failure. For exterior jobs - where high water contact is expected or where moisture or dew may accumulate, two coats of the top coat paint are recommended.

Non-Ferrous Metals: when painting aluminum doors and window frames, aluminum and copper flashing and trim as well as galvanized steel. Clean away all corrosion and any old paint, dirt, wax and grease. Wipe the surface with a cleaning solvent such as xylene. Allow to dry then apply the primer (only one coat is required) Allow the primerto dry for three hours, then apply the top coat.

How to Apply Primer: Mix well in can. Apply this primer by synthetic fiber brush, 1/4 inch nap synthetic roller or by spray. Avoid any excess foaming by thoroughly wetting the brush or roller with water before applying. The temperature of the surface and the surrounding air should be between 35 deg. F and 100 deg. F. It will dry to touch in about 30-45 minutes under standard conditions (77 deg. F and 50% relative humidity). Thicker coats will take longer to dry. It will generally become hard in about 7 - 10 days. They can be top-coated in 3 hours after application. When top coating with 2-component epoxy paints allow 24 hours before painting. Do not paint in direct sun or on a hot surface. Stop application two hours before a heavy dew or rain. If possible plan your painting to avoid rain, moisture and high humidity for the first 24 hours of curing. Primer covers about 450 square feet per gallon. Caulk seams and edges after priming.

Clean-Up: Clean-up with soap and water. If the primer “sets-up”, or when cleaning up splatters or spills use warm water or lacquer thinner.


ArmorTop may be applied by brush, roller or airless

spray. The textured finish must be roller applied utilizing

a ¼" to ½" (6 to 13 mm) nap roller. Brush application

can be used for edge work or confined areas inaccessible

by roller. Airless spray may be utilized to apply

the smooth version over substrates that have a heavy surface

texture already or surfaces that do not require non-skid protection.

ArmorTop shall be applied in two (2) separate coats.

coats to assure even coverage and proper film build.

Apply at the rate of 200 to 250 sq. ft. per gallon (4.9 to

6.1 m²/l) per coat. All surfaces must be uniformly

coated and free from voids, pinholes and blisters.

Successive coats of ArmorTop should be applied

perpendicularly and as soon as the previous coat has

dried sufficiently to allow the applicator to walk back

on. This is normally accomplished within 2 hours, but

in any event before contamination occurs. If contamination

does occur on any coated surface, it must be

broomed or if necessary, pressure washed before additional

coats are applied. ArmorTop can extend

a minimum of 4" (10 cm) up vertical walls or projections

to create a self-terminating flashing.

ArmorTop cures to an attractive flat finish. Can be walked on as soon as 8 hours or when very dry to the touch. Allow 48 hours before placing furniture onto coating. Not intended for vehicle traffic.

Brush or rollers are easily cleaned with soapy water.

Clean spray equipment with water and final flush with

a mixture of water and Lacquer Thinner or water and

Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK).


ArmorTop requires complete evaporation of water

to cure. Cool temperatures and high humidity retard

cure. Do not apply during weather conditions such as

rain, fog, or freezing temperatures, or if such conditions are imminent.

Do not apply ArmorTop at temperatures below

50°F (10°C) or when there is a possibility of temperatures

Do not allow to freeze. Do not ship or store unless protection from freezing is available.

Ultra( Indoor) Epoxy Application: Apply for indoor use only. Be sure to allow 24 hrs for primer to cure before applying epoxy! With each 300 SF kit you should receive 1-1.5 gallon set of epoxy and with each 600 sq ft kit you should receive 1- 3gallon set. Mix each can individually. Epoxy gets mixed in a 2 Parts A to 1 Part B ratio. DO NOT MIX ALL THE EPOXY AT ONCE. Mix each 1.5 gallon set in 2 batches, mix each 3 gallon set in 3-4 batches. Use measuring containers to pour out portions of Part A and Part B. Accurate measurement is required for epoxy to cure properly, improper measurements will results in tacky spots which are not covered by warranty. Pour measured amounts into a mixing bucket using stirring stick to scrape material out of measuring containers. Mix product in mixing bucket with the jiffy mixer in a power drill on medium speed for 3-4 minutes moving mixing wand up, down and all round the sides to ensure complete mix. Pour a bead of epoxy from left to right and using a good quality 3/8" nap roller, roller product out in an even coating. Do not apply too thick. it is not necessary to apply in an overly thick coat. 3 gallons should cover aprox 625 sq ft. Hard to reach areas and vertical surfaces may be coated by brush. Work time is 30-40 minutes so do not leave mixed epoxy in mixing bucket or unattended. Premature hardening is not covered by the warranty.

If using colored chips, sprinkle chips into each wet epoxy section. Toss small amounts into air and allow to fall randomly. Avoid handling and tossing too many chips at once to avoid clumps and blotches of chips.

Repeat till surface is coated. If taping off any areas use Gorilla Tape and remove slowly as soon as epoxy is dry to the touch. Allow overnight curing for foot traffic, allow 48 hours for furniture placement. For wet areas mix in nonslip additive at the rate of 1 units per 3 gallons of epoxy. Mix frequently to prevent settling and blotches of nonslip additive in the finish..

For heavily trafficked areas or if color chips were used we recommend topcoating with our clear topcoat. Apply topcoat within 24-48 hours of epoxy. Mix nonslip additive into can and stir continuously to keep particles suspended. Pour product from can into rolling pan and roller on like conventional paint. If using the Military grade topcoat(Red Label Can), one coat only is applied. If using the indoor odorless topcoat(UltraGlaze) you can do two coats, apply the nonslip to the topcoat in the second coat. Note: You do not have to use the nonslip additive for indoor applications but be advised If the floor will get wet then we recommend you use the nonslip additive since the topcoat is nonporous and is very slippery when wet without the nonslip additive. If not using the nonslip additive you must clean up any spills immediately since the epoxy does become slippery when wet.