BeowulfWiglaf*Good vs. Evil
ShildUnferth*Epic and the epic hero
HealfdaneEdgetho*Christian and Pagan references
HerotWelthow*Literary elements (kennings,
HiglacHigdalliteration, assonance, caesura);
HruntingDanesthe oral tradition
- Who was Shild?
- Who was his son?
- What kind of king was Shild?
- How was Shild buried?
- Who was Healfdane?
- Who were Healfdane’s four children?
- What was Hrothgar’s meadhall called?
- Where did Grendel come from?
- What does Grendel do the first time he goes to Herot?
- How long does Grendel ravage the Danes?
- Why do the Danes sacrifice to the old stone gods?
- Who is Beowulf’s king?
- Where does Beowulf come from?
- How many men does Beowulf take with him to Denmark?
- Describe the coast guard’s welcome to Beowulf and his men.
- Who is Beowulf’s father?
- What does Beowulf give as his reason for coming to Denmark?
- What does the guard do then?
- Who next greets Beowulf and takes his message to Hrothgar?
- What is it about Beowulf and company that impresses this man?
- How does Hrothgar react to the news of Beowulf’s arrival?
- What two stories does Beowulf tell Hrothgar to prove he can fight Grendel?
- How does Beowulf plan to fight Grendel?
- How did Hrothgar help Beowulf’s father?
- How do the Danes and the Geats spend the rest of the evening?
- Why does Unferth challenge Beowulf?
- What does Unferth say?
- How does Beowulf answer him?
- Why had Beowulf “lost” the swimming match with Brecca?
- How does Beowulf humble Unferth?
- Who is Welthow? How does she treat the visitor?
- What promise does Hrothgar make Beowulf?
- How does Beowulf await the monster?
- How does the poet build suspense at the beginning of Part 11?
- What happens first when Grendel reaches Herot?
- Describe the battle between Beowulf and Grendel.
- Why can’t Beowulf’s men harm Grendel?
- How does Beowulf actually win the fight?
- Where does Grendel run after the fight?
- What “trophy” does Beowulf hang in Herot?
- To what old adventures is Beowulf’s achievement compared?
- What does Beowulf say in his speech to Hrothgar? Is he modest about his victory?
- Why does Unferth now give up his quarrel with Beowulf?
- What treasures does Hrothgar give Beowulf?
- What does Hrothgar give to Beowulf’s men?
- How does wergild come into play here?
- Summarize the story of the feud between Hengest and Finn.
- What does Welthow give Beowulf?
- What favor does Welthow ask Beowulf when she gives him her gifts?
- What foreshadowing at the end of this part indicates trouble ahead?
- Why does Grendel’s mother come to Herot?
- Who and what does she carry off?
- Why doesn’t Beowulf stop her?
- Summarize Hrothgar’s description of Grendel’s lair.
- What do the men discover at the edge of Grendel’s lake?
- What do they see in the water?
- How is Beowulf equipped for battle?
- What are Beowulf’s parting words?
- How does Beowulf get to Grendel’s mother’s lair?
- Why does Beowulf toss Hrunting aside?
- How does Grendel’s mother almost win?
- What does Beowulf use to kill Grendel’s mother?
- Meanwhile, what are the Danes and the Geats doing?
- What happens to the sword?
- What does Beowulf bring back from the lake?
- How does the lake change?
- To whom does Beowulf give the giant’s sword?
- What is depicted on the handle?
- What does Hrothgar warn Beowulf about? What is his “message” to the victorious Beowulf?
- What promise does Beowulf make in his farewell speech?
- How does Hrothgar say goodbye to Beowulf?
- Who is Higlac’s queen?
- To whom is Higlac’s queen compared? What seems to be the “moral” of this story?
- What does Beowulf tell Higlac about Freaw?
- What does Beowulf give Higlac’s queen?
- What are the “rules of conduct” for warriors that are mentioned here?
- What does Higlac give Beowulf?
- When does Beowulf become king of the Geats?
- How long does he rule?
- What new monster must Beowulf deal with?
- What is the story of the dragon’s treasure?
- What roused the dragon from his sleep?
- What does the dragon do in revenge?
- What were some of Beowulf’s adventures since he returned to Geatland?
- What are the details of Beowulf’s early life?
- Who is the “he” in the first line? What story is Beowulf telling here?
- What is Beowulf’s final boast?
- How will he fight the dragon?
- How does Beowulf approach the dragon?
- What happens to Beowulf’s shield? Sword?
- Who is the only one of Beowulf’s men who stays?
- What does he say to the other men?
- What happens when Wiglaf attacks the dragon?
- How is Beowulf wounded?
- How does Wiglaf wound the dragon? What does Beowulf do?
- Why is Beowulf’s wound so bad?
- What does Wiglaf do for Beowulf?
- What does Beowulf ask Wiglaf to do?
- What is Beowulf’s final wish?
- What does Wiglaf say to the other men?
- What does the herald tell the people? What will happen now that Beowulf is dead?
- Describe the battle between Ongentho and Higlac.
- Why will they burn the treasure?
- Describe the funeral of Beowulf.
- Describe Beowulf’s tower.