Howdy, this is a note from your Troy University Global Campus Librarian, Mr. Jay Brandes.In Blackboard, you should now see that you are a member of the“Ph.D._inSport ManagementProgramResourceCenter” organization.I have an “Ask the Librarian” forum in the discussion board. I have set it to “Allow Anonymous Posts,” so if you don’t want to your name to show, you do not have to.I think that all the PhD students are in Chella’s class, so this note is both for the students and for Chella.On the following page you will find what I believe to be properly formatted APA references for your Week 2’s readings.

Here is some information for you as well as some food for thought about these references.

The first list of references is the basic information about the week 2 articles as provided in your syllabus. Both your syllabus and the LibGuide that links to the articles, are essentially saying, “Read this!” And so they are accurately conveying information about what is to be read. They are, in the general use of the word, references. But, if you are creating a true APAreferences page for a paper, neither the syllabus nor the LibGuide does that correctly. And here is why:

  • Smaller issue: Both the syllabus and the LibGuide tend to provide both the volume and the issue for each article, for example, 94(2), 465–477. If you read 6.30 of the APA manual, page 186, it states to include the issue number only if each volume of the journal is paginated separately, i.e., each issue starts on page 1. Almost none of you articles are from journals such as that—they are from journals with continuous pagination. That means that a reference for such an article should really look like this, 94, 465–477. On the LibGuide, I am trying to convey information to you, and I want you to have the issue number. Frankly, I like the fact that the syllabus tends to have the issue number, because that makes it easier for me to find the article.I do not know how Chella feels about references having or not having the issue number when the journal has continuous pagination. (Chella’s response was that he would like the issue numbers). I will also note that since you do not have the print journal in your hand, it takes a tinybit of work to actually know if the journal has continuous pagination or not.
  • Larger issue.APA states that when an article, be it in print (paper) format or in electronic format has been assigned a digital object identifier (DOI), you should place the DOI at the end of the reference. If there is no DOI, what goes there is a retrieval statement for the home page of the journal. The purpose of the DOI/retrieval statement is to help the reader identify/access the material. In the first set of references (next page) I have included issue numbers but no DOI’s. In the second example, I have provided a truerAPA references list in which there are no issue numbers but there are DOI’s. Again, I do not know how Chellafeels about DOI’s in this type of weekly activity/your larger project, so I will let him speak to this.(Chella’s response was that he would like the DOI’s).


DeShon, R. P., & Gillespie, J. Z. (2005).A motivated action theory account of goal orientation.Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(6) 1096–1127.

Dragoni, L. (2005). Understanding the emergence of state goal orientation in organizational work groups: The role of leadership and multilevel climate perceptions.Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(6) 1084–1095.

Gagne, M., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work Motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4) 331–362.

Greguras, G. J., & Diefendorff, J. M. (2009). Different fits satisfy different needs: Linking person-environment fit to employee commitment and performance using self-determination theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(2) 465–477. /10.1037/a0014068