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Chapter 2 Applying Time Value Concepts

2.1 True/False

1) Time value of money is based on the belief that a dollar that will be received at some future date is worth more than a dollar today.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Review Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

2) Future value is regarded as the value of a future amount at the present time, calculated by the compounded interest.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Review Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

3) Money accumulates when it is invested and earns interest, because of the time value of money.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Review Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

4) The present value of an annuity can be obtained by discounting the individual cash flows of an annuity and totalling them.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

5) To convert the table from ordinary annuity to annuity due is to multiple the annuity payment by (1+ i).

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

6) Ten percent compounded quarterly with 10 years' investment means 40 compounding periods.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

7) Ten percent compounded quarterly means 5 percent per compounding period.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Future Value of a Single Dollar Amount

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

8) PVA = PMT × PVIFA

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Present Value of an Annuity

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

9) FVA = PMT × FVIFA

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

10) The shorter the time period, the lower the future value interest factor, other things being equal.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

11) The longer the time period, the lower the present value interest factor, other things being equal.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

12) The higher the interest rate, the higher the future value interest factor, other things being equal.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

13) The higher the interest rate, the lower the present value interest factor, other things being equal.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

14) You can use either a financial calculator or a future value interest factor table to calculate future value.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

15) Dividend is the rent charged for the use of money.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

16) For a deposit of \$1000 to earn 4 percent interest annually, the interest earned is \$40 per year.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

17) Compound interest is the process used to earn interest on interest.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Review Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

18) The concept of time value of money will not be applied to many types of financial planning problems.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Review Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

19) The process of obtaining a present value is called discounting.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Review Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

20) Present value of the first year is determined by the future value divided by (1 + i).

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Present Value of a Single Dollar Amount

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

21) A nominal interest rate is also called an annual percentage rate (APR).

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

22) Annual percentage rate (APR) is also called effective interest rate.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

23) The effective interest rate is the stated or quoted interest rate by the financial institutions.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

24) The nominal interest rate is the actual rate of interest you earn or pay.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

25) An investment of \$2500 grows to \$108 945 at 10 percent per annum.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

26) The effective rate of interest and compounding frequency have an inverse relation.

Diff: 3 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

27) The best way to understand the time value of money is to use timelines to capture all information.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

28) Your rental payment per month within the contract is an annuity due.

Diff: 3 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

29) Ordinary annuity is a series of equal amounts of cash flow happening at equal intervals at the end of a period.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

30) Annuity due assumes a series of cash flows happening at the end of a period.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

31) The two types of annuity are ordinary annuity and annuity due.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

32) To calculate the present value, all you need is the amount of money in the future, the interest rate, and the number of years the money will be compounded.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

33) John wants to have a \$10 000 down payment for his car in three years and he wants to know how much money must be saved today with a given interest rate to achieve this goal. John has to calculate the present value.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

34) Future value interest factor (FVIF) bases \$1.00 to calculate the \$1.00 over time with a given interest rate and the number of periods the \$1.00 is compounded

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

35) Mary deposits \$4000 at the beginning of each year and the money will grow to \$1 081 170 in 30 years with 12 percent compounded annually.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

36) Mary deposits \$4000 at the beginning of each year and the money will grow to \$1 081 170 in 30 years with 12 percent compounded quarterly.

Diff: 2 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

37) The annual percentage rate (APR) is the nominal interest rate calculated by multiplying the periodic rate by the number of periods in a year.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

38) ABC Bank offers term deposits with 8 percent compounded quarterly, while XYZ Bank offers term deposits with 7.8 percent compounded annually. We know that ABC Bank offers a higher annualized rate of return.

Diff: 3 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

39) ABC Bank offers term deposits with 8 percent compounded semi-annually, while XYZ Bank offers term deposits with 7.9 percent compounded monthly. We are sure that ABC Bank offers a higher annualized rate of return.

Diff: 3 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Applied

40) A series of future payments with equal cash flow means future value of annuity.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

41) An annuity refers to the payment of a series of equal cash flow payments at equal intervals of time.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

42) Discount refers to the process of earning interest on interest.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

43) Interest = P × r × t × i

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

44) If you borrow money, you will receive interest.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

45) Simple interest is calculating the interest on the principal only, not calculating the interest on both the principal and the interest.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: The Importance of the Time Value of Money

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

46) John recently sold an antique for \$29 311; the antique was purchased by John at nine years of age for

\$17 800. John's annual rate of return on this antique is 7.2 percent.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

47) The higher the interest rate, the higher the future value, other things being equal.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

48) The higher the interest rate, the higher the present value, other things being equal.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

49) The present value of \$100 will decrease with a particular discount rate, but the longer the period of time, the smaller the present value.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

50) The future value of \$100 will increase with a particular interest rate, but the longer the period of time, the smaller the future value.

Diff: 1 Type: TF

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

2.2 Multiple Choice

1) The present value needed to receive \$200 10 years from today, with an interest rate of 10 percent, is about

A) \$65.

B) \$77.

C) \$87.

D) \$97.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

2) The present value interest factor is

A) always less than 1.0.

B) always more than 1.0.

C) always equal to 1.0.

D) always between 1.0 to 2.0.

Diff: 1 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

3) Even though financial institutions have different interest rates quoted, the actual interest rate paid or earned is ______interest rate.

A) effective

B) nominal

C) continuous

D) absolute

Diff: 1 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

4) Even though your actual interest rate paid or earned is different, the interest rate that financial institutions quote for you is ______interest rate.

A) nominal

B) effective

C) continuous

D) absolute

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

5) If you have an investment that will receive \$100 at the end of year 1, \$200 at the end of year 2, and \$300 at the end of year 3, what is the market value of this investment today if the discount rate is 13% annually?

A) \$553

B) \$453

C) \$753

D) \$653

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

6) Mary wants to have \$150 after four years by depositing \$100 today and earning 6 percent interest semi-annually for the next four years. Can Mary attain her financial goal of having \$150 lump sum four years later?

A) Yes, future value is more than \$150.

B) Yes, present value is more than \$150.

C) No, present value is less than \$150.

D) No, future value is less than \$150.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

7) The future value of \$200 received today and deposited at 8 percent compounded semi-annually for three years is

A) \$253.

B) \$250.

C) \$158.

D) \$352.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

8) The highest effective rate attainable with a 12 percent nominal rate is

A) 12.85 percent.

B) 12.75 percent.

C) 12.65 percent.

D) 12.55 percent.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

9) If John makes annual year-end payments of \$8337.83 on a 20-year loan with an interest rate of 7.5 percent., the original principal amount for John's car loan is

A) \$62 300.

B) \$77 550.

C) \$85 700.

D) \$85 000.

Diff: 3 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

10) An antique was originally purchased 50 years ago for \$2 and today is worth \$600. The rate of return realized on the sale of this antique is approximately

A) 23 percent.

B) 12.08 percent.

C) 31.04 percent.

D) 27.17 percent.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

11) Nick invests \$50 000 today and the fund guarantees an annuity of \$12 345 for six years. The rate of return earned is approximately equal to

A) 16.53 percent.

B) 11.65 percent.

C) 12.53 percent.

D) Insufficient information to calculate

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

12) Danny invests \$124 090 in a fund and expects to receive \$10 000 per year for the next 30 years. The approximate rate of return is

A) 8 percent.

B) 6 percent.

C) 11.5 percent.

D) 7 percent.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

13) The present value of an ordinary annuity of \$1550 each year for 15 years, with an interest rate of 6.6 percent per annum, is

A) \$17 589.

B) \$16 500.

C) \$14 481.

D) \$10 500.

Diff: 3 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

14) The future value of \$676 received today and deposited at 5.85 percent for five years is

A) \$716.02.

B) \$961.77.

C) \$906.85.

D) \$898.25.

Diff: 1 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

15) If the interest rate is zero, the future value interest factor equals

A) 0.0.

B) -1.0.

C) 1.0.

D) Undefined

Diff: 1 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

16) How long will it take Ivy's money to triple in value at 12 percent compounded quarterly?

A) 18 years

B) 10.3 years

C) 8.3 years

D) 9.3 years

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

17) If you borrow \$20 000 as a five-year loan from the bank and the bank requires you to make end-of-year payments of \$4878.05, the annual interest rate on this loan is

A) 8 percent.

B) 6 percent.

C) 7 percent.

D) 9 percent.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

18) Betty wants to accumulate \$1 million by the end of 20 years by making equal annual year-end deposits over the next 20 years. Assuming Betty can earn 10 percent over this period, how much must she deposit at the end of each year?

A) \$18 560

B) \$22 000

C) \$14 760

D) \$17 460

Diff: 3 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

19) In a recessionary economy, interest rate on deposits can be 0 percent. However, Raymond has an investment of \$25 000 now, and in three years it will mature and pay Raymond \$32 000. In this case, the rate of return on his investment is approximately

A) 6 percent.

B) 9 percent.

C) 7 percent.

D) Insufficient information to calculate this question

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

20) The future value interest factor is

A) always equal to 1.0.

B) always less than 1.0.

C) always greater than 1.0.

D) always uncertain.

Diff: 1 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

21) The future value of \$810 received today and deposited at 7.71 percent for four years is

A) \$2000.65.

B) \$1090.21.

C) \$1951.88.

D) \$2065.37.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

22) The present value of \$1000 to be received 10 years from today, assuming an interest rate of 9 percent per annum, is

A) \$175.

B) \$488.

C) \$36.

D) \$420.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

23) The amount to be invested today at a given interest rate over a specified period in order to equal a future amount is called

A) present value interest factor.

B) future value.

C) present value.

D) future value interest factor.

Diff: 1 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

24) The future value of today's \$200 to be received 10 years later with an interest rate of 10 percent per annum is

A) \$77.

B) \$484.

C) \$385.

D) \$519.

Diff: 2 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Qualitative

Skill Type: Recall

25) If you want to have \$10 000 for a down payment on a new car three years later, assuming an interest rate of 4.5 percent compounded annually, how much money do you need to deposit as a lump sum today?

A) \$8412.

B) \$8712.

C) \$8112.

D) \$8763.

Diff: 3 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

26) Raymond wants to save the college tuition fees he will need 10 years later by starting with a deposit of \$6500 today and depositing another \$500 at the end of each year. How much will Raymond have 10 years later?

A) \$18 949

B) \$12 202

C) \$23 684

D) \$17 656

Diff: 3 Type: MC

Objective: Components of a Financial Plan

Approach: Quantitative

Skill Type: Applied

27) Assuming a discount rate of 14% per year, Peter wants to know the market value of his investment today based on the following cash flows:

YearCash flows

1 to 5\$20 000 per year

6 to 10\$35 000 per year

A) \$120 820

B) \$95 650

C) \$131 065

D) \$19 850