DBQ 6 Period 3 World History AP

DBQ 6 Period 3 World History AP

WW1 (2) Narayanan, Sruthi

DBQ 6 Period 3 World History AP

April 9,2009

Mr. Marshall

DBQ 6 Prompt: WW1 (2)

“World War I ended the progress humans had been making for the prior 100 years.”

- Assess the validity of this statement.

Check–off list


Historical Context

5 Analysis

Rule of Three

5 Groupings

4 Additional Documents

10 Point of View

10 Reliability of Documents

All 10 Documents were used

Different Sprite categories for each grouping

4 Additional Information

Body Paragraphs begin with a Topic Sentence


3 Long-Term Effects

3Short-Term Effects

5 Transitions

Minimum 5 body paragraphs (total of 7)

5 Compare and Contrast of Documents

Profound Thesis Statement

DBQ answers all part of the question

Shows change over time

Time is mentioned throughout the DBQ

5 Compare and Contrast of groupings

2 or more vs. 2 or more documents per grouping

-Cover page with heading

-Bibliography included MLA style

-Minimum 5 sources

BACKGROUND INFORMATION:In 1914 with the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, World War 1, also known as the Great War, erupted. (Bulliet 737)ANALYSIS:World War 1 brought many changes to the world but, many things also stayed the same. The progress humans had made up to the point of the start of World War 1 may have stalled for the warring years but, only prospered and continued after the War Ended with an armistice. The changes the war brought to our world were significant, in regards to technological advancements, political standpoint, and social discrepancies but also in the intellectual base of our world and the economical increase. THESIS:Prior to World War 1 the world had been progressing and had reached a point where it had the potential to soar, the war only stalled this progression and did not throw it aside but instead, forced it to continue and provide more for our world economically, socially, politically and innovatively as a result of the new foreign relations gained from this war.SEGUE:The Great War affected areas all over the world, and the basis of this effectiveness was the political standpoint of leaders in all countries.

TOPIC SENTENCE:All over the world, in every country, were leaders that helped to shape the countries understanding of foreign relations during World War 1 and then learned to help their country’s developments to continue after the war. GROUPING 1 (POLITICAL):Political aspects came into play and were definitely a major part in World War 1 as described by, Lenin, Hitler and many others who were significant figures during the war. (Docs. 1, 5, &10)ANALYSIS:The major leader, or the leader thought to be the major leader, during this time period was Adolf Hitler of Germany because he was the most enraged by the start of the war. FACT 1:Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austrian Empire and when he was assassinated starting World War 1, Hitler got angry and he expressed rage toward foreigners, especially Slavs. (First World War) As a result of this he decided to enlist in the Bavarian army and within a short amount of time, his army was launching attacks.FACT 2:More than being a leader of Germany, Hitler was a leading corporal in the army and was able to express his rage toward foreigners through attacks during the war. (Spodek 569)POV DOCUMENT 10:Vladimir Lenin, one of the leading political leaders during World War 1, expresses in his “Call to Power” that the way they should go through with the war is let it happen as it goes, he clearly believes that the countries have to gain power and go at each other in order for somebody to be declared the winner. (Doc. 10)RELIABILITY DOC 10:The “Call to Power” spoken by Lenin is definitely a reliable source, because it is what he said during the war and even though it is what he believed they should have done, it was his specific call to action. (Doc. 10)FACT 3:These leaders were the ones that the people all over the world depended on to give them advice as to what was to happen and how they were to follow through with the war, this did work since they had power and it did spark change because there were dictatorships formed as a result. (Bulliet 744)TRANSITION:Political change was rising when the war started because slowly there were new people coming to power as a result of reform but, once the war started, dictatorships were very prominent changes that dramatically altered some of the countries socially. GROUP 1 CONTRAST:Though the social occurrences that happened because of the political changes were related to the war, they all continued after and did start the next war in the mid 20th century. (Docs. 1, 5, & 10 vs. Docs. 2, 3, 5, 8 & 9)POV DOCUMENT 1:The graph shown from, The Origins of the Second World War by PMH Bell, show the dictatorships formed without any tinge of bias. (Doc. 1)RELIABILITY DOC 1:This graph is clearly reliable because it lists the dictatorships formed, being quite informative at the same time to tell the changes that took place towards the end of the war. (Doc. 1)SEGUE/LONG TERM EFFECT:The leaders such as Lenin who formed a dictatorship in Russia, and Mustafa Kemal who formed in Turkey, only produced social change as a result of this continuing political change from before the war to after.

TOPIC SENTENCE:Before the war started there were both political and social reforms going on around the world that were tied hand in hand, these social changes continued along with the political dictatorships and leaders that were brought to power. GROUPING 2 (SOCIAL):The social changes were a direct result of the political changes because as more people and different people rose to power, the social aspects of society were altered. (Docs. 2, 3, 5, 8 & 9)GROUP 2 CONTRAST:Unlike the intellectual changes that resulted from the war, the social changes were more directly associated with the political aspects. (Docs. 2, 3, 5, 8 & 9 vs. Docs. 4 & 6)ANALYSIS:During this time there were societies who were trying to overpower their leaders as well as some who were trying to work well with their leaders but the graph of the formation of dictatorships shows that no matter what the societies did, they were always completely controlled. FACT 1:The political aspects that changed affected many groups of people, but the first one is the soldiers and their families who were definitely hurt the most due to the war. (WW1)POV DOCUMENT 8:The letter from a German soldier who was serving in France on Christmas Eve clearly shows the way the soldiers felt during the war, their lives were changed and impacted because of the things that they were forced to see on a daily basis and this soldier, who was probably writing to his family, was grateful that he could actually hear people singing on Christmas Eve. (Doc. 8)RELIABILITY DOC 8:This document has no question of reliability because it is an excerpt of a letter that was actually written during the time of the war and it shows how the soldiers felt, it speaks for itself. (Doc. 8)FACT 2:Not only did the lives of the soldiers and their loved ones change because of the now political rule that caused the war, but the roles of women changed significantly as well. (Women WW1)TRANSITION/SHORT TERM EFFECT:Before the war was when the army and navy first opened up positions for women to be nurses and doctors for the soldiers and during the war that increased as well as the job offers for women at home. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:This was most likely a result of families having to be run by women whose husbands were in the war and they needed money. POV DOCUMENT 9:The Employment Table showing what women did during the war clearly represents and identifies what women did during the war; it simply shows their job opportunities. (Doc. 9)RELIABILITY DOC 9:There is no question of reliability of this document because it is a table of what women did during the war, it gives information regarding the jobs offered on the home front in order to benefit women. (Doc. 9)FACT 3:The jobs offered were industrial jobs dealing with factory work, paper printing and other jobs of labor that required absolutely no education or even any experience. (Doc. 9)SEGUE:These social continuities of World War 1 continued after the war as the dictatorships rose but they were tied in with the intellectual capabilities of the people which changed their social standing.

TOPIC SENTENCE:The social standpoint of individuals during the war basically dealt with the new, and improved rights and capabilities of women at the time. GROUPING 3 (INTELLECTUAL):Before the war the rights of women were being fought for but the war brought definite and dramatic change. GROUP 3 CONTRAST:The intellect of the women was something that was rarely taken into consideration when the women wanted a job because as a result of social conflict, women needed jobs to support their family. (Docs. 4 & 6 vs. Docs. 2, 3, 5, 8 & 9)ANALYSIS/TRANSITION:In addition to the women’s intellect not being a concern many individuals wrote books at the time such as Hitler’s, Mein Kampf, and the intellect of a society drove societies’ leaders to conquer and war with each other. FACT 1:The main thought during this time was that it was always a certain group of people’s fault that something happened, which was exactly why people fought and borders were made, as a result of conflicting races of people. (Armstrong 240)COMPARISON/SHORT TERM EFFECT:This racial conflict was shown again, more boldly during the second World War, again involving Hitler, with the Holocaust. (Holocaust)ADDITIONAL DOCUMENT:An additional document that might be useful at this time would be a cartoon drawn by the Germans, showing their portrayal of the Jews which would help visualize their feelings and their intentions. (Andrea 479)POV DOCUMENT 4:Hitler’s Mein Kampf, shows the way he thought of Jews and the theory of Marxism showing that he believed that the thoughts of the people or the interests of the people of a society did not matter. (Doc. 4)RELIABILITY DOC 4:This document may have questionable reliability because it is a small excerpt of the book written by Hitler, it is entirely possible that it was in a different context, in context of the excerpt itself it is clear that Hitler believes, simply, that Jews are scum. (Doc. 4)FACT 2:This intellect of leaders, and people who had control over any group of people, greatly influenced the people and that made them think differently about other races and societies. (Docs. 2, 4)ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:People automatically thought that their leaders were right, they had the rebels who were against their leaders, but most were supporting of their leaders, and that turned certain societies for the worse. This intellectual change increased, as did the social change, during this war and proves that the human progress made before the war only strengthened with the war. (Armstrong 243)POV DOCUMENT 6:The maps of what Europe looked like in 1914 when the war started and in 1919 the year after the war ended, show that there was major change whereas country borders were concerned. (Doc. 6)FACT 3:It shows that boundaries were more clearly defined after the war which gives an idea that the relation between countries was not very good after the war as a result of mainly, political change but other factors as well. (Doc. 6)RELIABILITY DOC 6:There is no question of reliability because they are maps showing the before and after the war Europe, they only define what happened during the war and it depends on the interpretation of them. (Doc. 6)SEGUE/LONG TERM EFFECT: These intellectual changes and influences on society were things that changed with the war and continued after for a long time, and will still continue but, the technology they sparked changed the war and made it more high tech.

TOPIC SENTENCE:The intellectual things that the changes sparked during the war caused a more technological war. GROUPING 4 (TECHNOLOGICAL):Before the war there were revolutions and new technology and innovation was constantly being produced, now this new technology was used in the war for the benefit of certain countries. (Docs. 2 & 5) GROUP 4CONTRAST:The new technology, thought benefitting the economy in many places because the war needed materials, also was used for other purposes other than for income. (Docs. 2 & 5 vs. Docs. 3 &7)ANALYSIS:The new technologies were things like gas, mustard gas, new firearms and other weapons that could be used in war and also new necessities for the families back home. FACT 1:Gas was used for all sorts of things but mainly for attacks against enemies, technology was one of those things that was there and was advancing during the years before the war but during the war it boomed because of the war requirements. (Advancements)ADDITIONAL DOCUMENT:An additional document that would be useful would be a report from one of the people who built or helped to build on of these machines that became useful weapons in the war, that would explain further the usefulness of the weapon. (Advancements)FACT 2:Technology that was made were things that were only useful to the war such as advancements in British Artillery, Howitzers which were special guns, tanks, and gas machines. (Advancements)POV DOCUMENT 5: The picture of soldiers being blinded by gas shows the point of view of the leaders of the armies, they would do anything in order to get rid of their enemies and these gases were quite fatal, and injured the eyes and face. (Doc. 5)ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/SHORT TERMEFFECT/CONNECTION:Hitler, in his time in the army, actually was blinded my mustard gas towards the end of his service, and he used his experience to extinguish the Jews in World War 2, hence the Gas Chambers used in the Holocaust. (WW1)RELIABILITY DOC 5:This document has no questionable reliability because it is a picture that was taken and with pictures it all depends upon how it is looked at and interpreted; this one is very clear as to what it means. (Doc. 5)TRANSITION/FACT 3:These technologies would only go into the future to be used over again and to be further improved, which some people knew at the time would happen. (Spodek 558)POV DOCUMENT 2:The book, All Quiet on the Western Front, shows one soldier’s point of view of the weapons and what they would do for the future, which was create more war and be improved. (Doc. 2)ADDITIONALDOCUMENT:An additional document that might be useful would be a report or recollection of what a soldier on the opposing side of the soldier in All Quiet on the Western Front, thought of the weapons and how they would affect the future. (Remarque 57)RELIABILITY DOC 2:This does have questionable reliability because unless the suggested additional document is used, it is biased as being only a thought of someone on the Western Front. (Doc. 2)SEGUE:The technology that helped in the war was a result of improvisations on the earlier weapons that were created before the war, showing continuity in technological change and improvement, but the war having more weapons only made it more costly, hurting many of the countries’ economies.

TOPIC SENTENCE:Weapons that created more destruction during World War 1, only made the war cost more and caused failure in certain countries’ economies. GROUPING 5 (ECONOMICAL): The economies fell after the war because the destruction was too much and the income was low, the economy had its ups and downs from even before the war and it continued to after the war as well. (Docs. 3 & 7)ANALYSIS:The economies of countries depended on other countries and because of the shambled of the foreign relations after the war, it was hopeless. GROUP 5 CONTRAST:The economies fell whereas the politics actually grew and this was contradicting because they needed each other to survive. (Docs. 1, 5 &10 vs. Docs. 3 & 7)FACT 1:There were many attempts to try and unite the countries together such as the Kellogg-Briand Pact, also called the Paris Peace Pact. (Spodek 589)ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:The Kellogg-Briand Pact was something that they devised to form “peaceful relations” but, they predicted that because of the war and their unstable relations, there would be other political conflicts that would arise and they tried to resolve their problem of reoccurrence. (Bulliet 741)POV DOCUMENT 3:The Kellogg-Briand Pact starts with the fact that they do not want a war to resurface for fear of a world collapse but, what is shown is that they have tried to resort to a national policy and intertwined in the document is the fact that their economy basically depends on this. (Doc. 3)RELIABILITY DOC 3:This document has no questionable reliability because it an excerpt of the actual document and it has no reason for being rigged or wrong, whether it worked or not. (Doc. 3)ADDITIONAL DOCUMENT:An additional document that might be useful would be a graph showing the economic collapse after the war because the Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed to outlaw war but did not prevent the rise of the military, clearly their policies worked to keep their economies intact but then backfired causing another World War. (The Kellogg-Briand Pact)TRANSITION:Although their economies did resurface and were good enough to create another war, the destruction of World War 1 affected all countries all over the world. FACT 2:There was destruction everywhere and after every attack there were bodies seen strewn all over the place in the rubble and all the trash everywhere as a result of bombings. (WW1)POV DOCUMENT 7:The picture of Liege after the bombardment in Belgium in 1914 shows the amount of demolishment that was caused as a result of assault and it shows the point of view of the soldiers and government officials because they can be seen staring at all the disarray around them. (Doc. 7)RELIABILITY DOC 7:There is some question of reliability because although it is a picture it is the destruction in Belgium, the reaction to this and the level of horror and dismay may be different in another area of attack, it would be useful to have a document of that as well. (Doc. 7) FACT 3:Clearly it can be seen that the economy went down after the war because of the incredible destruction and horrible things that happened. (Docs. 7, 5)SEGUE:The economic crisis continued until the economy stabilized again but the economy never stayed put for very long and once again it fluctuated, after the Second World War, which was known as the Great Depression, thus the economical issued have been things that have stayed with us before the war and the progression towards perfecting the economy continued after the war as well, though unsuccessful.