BILL AS INTRODUCEDH.688
Introduced by Representatives Chen of Mendon, Bray of New Haven, Donaghy of Poultney, Johnson of South Hero, Keenan of St. Albans City, Minter of Waterbury, Pellett of Chester, Shand of Weathersfield and Turner of Milton
Referred to Committee on
Subject:Public health; automated external defibrillators; public places; study; limited immunity
Statement of purpose: This bill proposes to require the commissioner of health to study the costs and benefits of mandating the placement of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in public places. It also provides Good Samaritan limited immunity to lay rescuers and program facilitators.
AN ACT RELATING TO AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:
Sec. 1. STUDY OF AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS IN PUBLIC PLACES
The commissioner of health, in consultation with the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association, shall study the costs and benefits of requiring the placement of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in public places. The study shall include recommendations regarding: appropriate training for the use of AEDs; best practice program elements, including measures for quality improvement; standards for immunity protection for AED use; a prioritized list of public places, such as senior centers, health clubs, and schools, where AED placement would be most appropriate; maintenance of a statewide AED registry; and any other standards or procedures that would facilitate the lifesaving use and distribution of AEDs throughout Vermont. The commissioner’s findings and recommendations shall be reported to the general assembly not later than January 1, 2009.
Sec. 2. 18 V.S.A. § 907 is amended to read:
§ 907. AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS
(a) "Automated external defibrillator (AED)" means a medical device approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, that:
(1) is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia;
(2) is capable of determining whether defibrillation should be performed on an individual;
(3) upon determination that defibrillation should be performed, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to an individual's heart; and
(4) then, upon action by an operator, delivers an appropriate electrical impulse to the patient's heart to perform defibrillation.
(b) No person may operate an AED unless the person has successfully completed Anticipated lay rescuers shall complete a training course in the operation of the AED approved by the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, or by the department, in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of a defibrillator. The department of health may provide periodic training bulletins and other information to persons owning and using the AED. The training course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and in the use of an AED shall be either a course offered by the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross. A person using an AED shall be certain that emergency personnel have been summoned by calling 911. This prohibition and training requirement shall not apply to a health care provider, as defined in section 9432(8) of this title, if the person has received appropriate training in the use of the AED as part of his or her education or training.
(c) Any person who owns or leases an AED shall:
(1) maintain a relationship with a physician to provide technical assistance and consultation regarding the selection and location of an AED, training of potential operators, protocols for use, and individual case review;
(2) notify the department of the existence, location, and type of device it possesses; and
(3) maintain and test the device in accordance with the applicable standards of the manufacturer and any rule adopted by the department.
(d)(1) Any person, other than a person defined as a health care provider by section 9432(8) of this title, who acts in good faith and has complied in all material respects with the requirements of subsections (b) and (c) of this section and who renders emergency care by the use of an AED, acquires an AED, owns a premises on which an AED is located, provides a training course that complies with the requirements in subsection (b) of this section, or is a licensed physician providing who writes a prescription for an AED or provides technical assistance to a person acquiring an AED, shall not be liable for civil damages for that person's acts or omissions unless those acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton.
(2) This subsection shall not relieve an AED manufacturer, designer, developer, distributor, installer, or supplier of any liability under any applicable statute or rule of law.