AP Human URBAN Models, Problems, and You
Directions: Go to this website.
Follow the rest of the steps and answer the questions.
Click on Concentric Zone Model
1) Describe the layout of the concentric zone model. What city was used as the example? Describe what happens as you move OUT from the CBD. Describe what happens as you move IN toward the CBD. What is bid rent?
2) What are some of the problems with the Concentric Zone model? Why does an isotropic plain make a difference?
Go back to the Main page. Click Southeast Asian City Model
1) Who developed this model and when?
2) Why is the focal point a port zone?
3) How is SE Asia similar to Latin American model? How is it different?
Go to page 3. Click Sector Model.
1) Who developed the model? When? How do cities develop over time?
2) List a few characteristics of each sector.
3) What causes the zones to develop in wedges, according to Hoyt?
Go back to the page 2. Click Multiple Nuclei Model (it probably says Nuceli).
1) What are some areas of importance in Multiple Nuclei other than the CBD?
2) What declines with distance from the CBD and how is this an example of distance decay?
3) What are differences between concentric zone, sector, and multiple nuclei model?
Go to page 2. Click Latin American City model.
1) What two models are combined in the LA model?
2) What exists within the elite residential sector? Inner-city zone of maturity? Zone of accretion? Zone of peripheral squatter settlements?
Go to page 3. Click Urban Realm model.
1) Who came up with the idea and when? Why is the CBD no longer the influential entity?
Go to page 3. Click African City model.
1) What else is this model called? Why are there three CBD’s and what are their characteristics? Why are there many ethnic neighborhoods?
Go to page 3. Click Urban Sprawl vs. New Urbanism
1) Read the article comparing urban sprawl vs. new urbanism. Create a T- chart with characteristics of each. Create a Venn Diagram comparing and contrasting the two.
2) Read the following articles about Atlanta:
Now propose a solution to problems associated with Atlanta’s urban sprawl. Your solution must include:
1) A map of Atlanta (with 285, 75, 85, 400, and 20 clearly shown as well as outlines of Cobb, Fulton, Dekalb, Gwinnett, Clayton, and Fayette counties) with an updated mass rail/high speed rail transit OR updated highway system OR updated alternative transportation system (trolley cars). You must provide a key that explains your additions and why you felt it necessary to add those systems.
2) A map of existing green spaces around Atlanta. Add areas you believe would benefit from added green-space.
3) A proposal to the Georgia Senate explaining expected costs (you can look at the Beltline and use some of their numbers as guidelines for per-mile cost of additional rail page 49). Within your proposal you must include evidence of your exploration into ideas of social justice, access to resources/equity of resources, environmental concerns (air/water quality), and raising revenues through taxes or other means.