The Lesson – Globalization WHAP/Napp
Objective: To identify and explain three trends in the post-World War II world
Do Now: Describe free trade. How does free trade benefit individuals and nations?
Direct Instruction: The notes have been provided in the Cornell Notes below but the Key Words, Key Questions, and Summaries need to be completedCues: /
- The process of accelerating engagement among distant peoples of the world
- Vastly accelerated after WWII
- Bretton Woods
- Negotiated “rules” for commercial dealings
- World Bank and International Monetary Fund established
- Reduction of tariffs
- Free global movement of capital
- Encouraging Free Market
- Free Movement of Capital
- Transnational Corporations (TNCs)
- Produce goods/deliver services in many countries Wealthier than some countries
- Migration of Labor
- In search of jobs and wages Also “Brain Drain” educated professionals leaving Global South
- Impact of Economic Growth
- Worsened rift between developed nations and developing world of the Global South
- Rich nations of Global North and poor nations of Global South
- Also Inequalities Within Global South
- Oil-rich Middle East vs. Cash crop Nations
- Making united action difficult
- Chiapas Rebellion in Mexico
- Viewed globalization as negative seen as
- Criticizing globalization Protests against WTO (World Trade Organization)
- Overview – Influence USA and Reactions
- Collapse of USSR
- US military dominance unchecked
- September 11, 2001
- U.S. attacked Afghanistan
- U.S. attacked Iraq (2003)
- Effort to Contain Terrorism
- Another global struggle after collapse of USSR
- Changing Realities - USA
- Once world’s leading creditor
- Now world’s leading debtor
- Impact of Vietnam War
- Gave rise to charges that the Cold War had undermined American democracy
- Had promoted a powerful “imperial presidency”
b) Obsession with national security
c) A similar set of concerns arose with the invasion of Iraq
- The Movement of Ideas
- Ideas increasingly traversed the planet
- The Civil Rights Movement
- The Youth Culture
b) “Prague Spring” challenging Soviet rule in Czechoslovakia crushed
- Ernesto “Che” Guevara became a heroic figure to third-world revolutionaries
b) Had become in West for suffrage
c) Addressed inequities
d) Addressed opportunities for women
Application: Questions from the World History AP examination
- The Kyoto Accord of 1997 was intended to deal with the problems associated with
(B) The HIV/AIDS epidemic
(C) The growing number of biological-weapons programs
(D) The climatic trend known as global warming
(E) The spread of nuclear weapons
- Which of the following is NOT a nongovernmental organization (NGO)?
(B) The National Rifle Association
(C) Amnesty International
(D) Habitat for Humanity
(E) The European Union
- Which of the following would be considered an integrating trend in global development today?
(B) Religious fundamentalism in Afghanistan
(C) Discrimination against Turkish guest workers in Germany
(D) All of the above
(E) None of the above
4. Postindustrial modes of economic activity focus MAINLY on providing
(A) Manufacture goods
(C) Raw materials
(E) Hand-crafted products /
- How did World War II change the patterns of international trade?
(B) The World Trade Organization was created soon after the war ended.
(C) The war diminished the European powers’ control over world markets.
(D) The USSR began trading more with Western Europe.
(E) The United States stopped trading with Asian countries.
- In Latin America, modernization has often led to
(B) Better control over illegal drug trafficking
(C) Diversified economies
(D) A concentration of wealth in the hands of political and economic elites
(E) The establishment of communist regimes
- Which of the following factors has NOT interfered with African modernization?
(B) Lack of cultural or linguistic unity within African states
(C) Negative population growth
(E) Interethnic conflict
Primary Source: Betty Friedan attacks the Feminine Mystique*
In 1963, Betty Friedan jolted the myth of the contented suburban housewife when she published The Feminine Mystique. Friedan tried to explain how the image of independent career women, popular in the 1930s, had become trivialized into a cult of domesticity and submissiveness. She further wanted to urge women to expand their horizons and develop a stronger sense of personal identity.
“By the end of 1949, only one out of three heroines in the women's magazines was a career woman -- and she was shown in the act of renouncing her career and discovering that what she really wanted was to be a housewife. In 1958 and again in 1959, I went through issue after issue of the three major women's magazines; without finding a single heroine who had a career, a commitment to any work, art, profession, or mission in the world, other than "Occupation: housewife." Only one in a hundred heroines had a job; even the young unmarried heroines no longer worked except at snaring a husband.
These new happy housewife heroines seemed strangely younger than the spirited career girls of the thirties and forties. They seem to get younger all the time--in looks, and a childlike dependence. They have no vision of the future, except to have a baby. The only active growing figure in their world is the child. The housewife heroines are forever young, because their own image ends in childbirth. Like Peter Pan, they must remain young, while their children grow up in the world. They must keep on having babies because the feminine mystique says there is no other way for a woman to be a heroine. Here is a typical specimen from a story called "The Sandwich Maker" (Ladies Home Journal, April, 1959). She took home economics in college, learned how to cook, never held a job, and still plays the child bride, though she now has three children of her own. Her problem is money. "Oh nothing boring, like taxes or reciprocal trade agreements, or foreign aid programs. I leave all that economic jazz to my constitutionally elected representative in Washington, heaven help him."
1- From reading this passage, how would you define the feminine mystique?
2- What historical source material does Friedan use to document her case about changing women's attitudes?
3- What does Friedan's choice of sources tell you about her view of the role the media play in shaping popular values?
Continuity and Change over Time Essay Question:
Describe and explain continuities and changes in the role of women in the modern era.