Review and Assess Q. C.4 Sections 3 & 4

Review and Assess Q. C.4 Sections 3 & 4

Review and Assess Q. ~ C.4 Sections 3 & 4

1. A subcontinent is a large landmass that juts out from a continent.

2. Dharma is the religious and moral duties of a Hindu.

3. To migrate is to move from one place to settle in another area.

4. Hindus and Buddhists believe in reincarnation, which is the rebirth

of the soul.

5. Under the caste system, a weaver’s son always became a weaver and

a barber’s daughter always married a barber.

6. Buddhism spread to other countries with the help of missionaries.

7. Asoka encourage his people to behave with tolerance, or freedom

from prejudice.

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11. a. Who was the Buddha?

The Buddha was first a young Hindu prince named Siddhartha Gautama.

He gave up everything to go on a journey to find the cause of and

whether or not there was an end to human suffering. At the end

of his journey he become enlightened, which means he became

an awakened soul. He then spends the rest of his life teaching

others the way to enlightenment by telling them about the “Four

Noble Truths, and to follow the “Middle Way” and “The Eightfold


b. What is the central idea of Buddhism, and why did the religion

appeal to so many people?

The central idea of Buddhism is that one must give up selfish

desires in order to avoid human suffering. It appealed to many

people because it taught that suffering would end if people

followed the Buddha’s path. This made life better for people

born into the lower castes, because Buddha taught that everyone

was equal and anyone could share knowledge and reach Nirvana.

c. Buddhism and Hinduism were able to coexist in India for some

time. Why do you think this was possible?

Hinduism and Buddhism were able to coexist because they

shared many of the same beliefs, they were also both

very tolerant religions.

12. a. List Asoka’s achievements as ruler of the Maurya Empire.

  • He was militarily strong (ex. Won many battles and

had 9,000 war elephants.)

  • After he became a Buddhist, he issued writings of moral advice, such as being truthful, merciful and tolerant of others, and not

to kill animals.

  • Made laws that required people to treat each other


  • Sent out missionaries to spread Buddhism.
  • Built hospitals and wells along the roads.

b. How did Asoka’s actions show that he was a Buddhist?

He was concerned about the welfare of his people. He

showed them this by building hospitals and wells along the roads,

posting moral advice, and asking people to treat each other

humanely and with tolerance. Forbid hunting and sacrificing


c. How did Siddhartha Gautama’s life-changing experience with

suffering compare to Asoka’s?

They were two people who had similar experiences in that once

they witnessed great suffering, they decided to change their

lives and the lives of others to help eliminate it (suffering).