Mitosis and Meiosis Test
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. What happens during meiosis but not in mitosis that reduces the number of chromosomes? a. DNA Replication occurs once and the c. Crossing-over occurs. cell divides once b. DNA Replication occurs once but the d. Metaphase occurs. cell divides twice
____ 2. Which event occurs during interphase? a. Spindle fibers begin to form. c. The cell grows. b. Centrioles appear. d. Centromeres divide.
____ 3. The two main stages of eukaryotic cell division are called a. mitosis and cytokinesis. c. the M phase and the S phase. b. synthesis and cytokinesis. d. mitosis and interphase.
____ 4. During which phase(s) of mitosis are structures like the one shown in Figure 10–2 visible? a. anaphase and interphase c. anaphase and prophase b. prophase and metaphase d. metaphase only
____ 5. The structures labeled B in Figure 10–2 are called a. spindles. c. centrioles. b. centromeres. d. sister chromatids.
____ 6. The structure labeled A in Figure 10–2 is called the a. sister chromatid. c. centromere. b. centriole. d. spindle.
____ 7. Which of the following represents the phases of mitosis in their proper sequence? a. interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase b. prophase, anaphase, metaphase, telophase c. prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase d. interphase, prophase, metaphase, telophase
____ 8. If the surface area of a cell increases 100 times, its volume increases about a. 10 times. c. 1000 times. b. 5 times. d. 100 times.
1____ 9. What is the role of the spindle during mitosis? a. It makes the chromosomes visible. b. It breaks down the nuclear membrane. c. It duplicates the DNA. d. It helps separate the chromosomes.
____ 10. When during the cell cycle is a cell’s DNA replicated? b. G2 phase d. M phase a. S phase c. G1 phase ____ 11. During normal mitotic cell division, a parent cell having four chromosomes will produce two daughter cells, each containing a. sixteen chromosomes. c. eight chromosomes. b. two chromosomes. d. four chromosomes.
____ 12. After cell division, each daughter cell a. has more DNA in its nucleus than the parent cell. b. has a higher surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell. c. has a lower surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell. d. has less DNA in its nucleus than the parent cell.
____ 13. Gametes are produced by the process of a. crossing-over. c. meiosis. b. mitosis. d. replication.
____ 14. The rate at which wastes are produced by a cell depends on the cell’s a. surface area. c. ratio of surface area to volume. b. volume. d. environment.
____ 15. Unlike mitosis, meiosis results in the formation of a. diploid cells. c. haploid cells. b. 2N daughter cells. d. body cells.
____ 16. The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells is called a. mitosis. c. interphase. b. cell division. d. metaphase.
____ 17. During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up along the middle of the dividing cell? a. telophase c. metaphase b. prophase d. anaphase
____ 18. Chromosomes form tetrads during a. prophase I of meiosis. c. metaphase I of meiosis. b. interphase. d. anaphase II of meiosis. ____ 19. When during the cell cycle are chromosomes visible? a. only during the G1 phase c. only during interphase b. only during cell division d. only when they are being replicated
____ 20. By the time a normal cell divides, you can assume that a. the cell’s volume has become larger than its surface area. b. the cell’s mitochondria have been destroyed. c. the cell has replicated all of its DNA. d. the cell’s surface area has become larger than its volume.
2____ 21. Crossing-over rarely occurs in mitosis, unlike meiosis. Which of the following is the likely reason? a. A cell undergoing mitosis does not have homologous chromosomes. b. Chromatids are not involved in mitosis. c. Tetrads rarely form during mitosis. d. There is no prophase during mitosis.
____ 22. All of the following are problems that growth causes for cells EXCEPT a. expelling wastes. c. too much oxygen b. DNA overload. d. obtaining enough food.
____ 23. Which pair is correct? a. M phase, cell growth c. S phase, cell division b. G1 phase, DNA replication d. G2 phase, preparation for mitosis
____ 24. Compared to small cells, large cells have more trouble a. moving needed materials in and waste products out. b. making cyclin proteins. c. producing daughter cells. d. dividing.
____ 25. Gametes have a. both sets of homologous chromosomes. b. twice the number of chromosomes found in body cells. c. two sets of chromosomes. d. one set of chromosomes
____ 26. As a cell becomes larger, its a. volume increases, but its surface area stays the same. b. volume increases faster than its surface area. c. surface area increases faster than its volume. d. surface area stays the same, but its volume increases.
____ 27. The first phase of mitosis is called a. interphase. c. metaphase. b. anaphase. d. prophase.
____ 28. Which of the following is a phase of mitosis? a. prophase c. S phase b. cytokinesis d. interphase
____ 29. Which of the following is a phase in the cell cycle? b. G2 phase a. M phase c. G1 phase d. all of the above
____ 30. Which of the following is NOT a correct statement about the events of the cell cycle? a. Interphase is usually the longest phase. b. Cell division ends with cytokinesis. c. The size of the cell increases during the G2 phase. d. DNA replicates during the S phase.
____ 31. What is shown in Figure 11–3? a. independent assortment c. replication b. crossing-over d. anaphase I of meiosis
____ 32. Cell division is represented in Figure 10–1 by the letter a. A. c. B. b. D. d. C.
____ 33. One difference between cell division in plant cells and in animal cells is that plant cells have a. a cell plate. c. centrioles. b. centromeres. d. chromatin.
____ 34. The cell cycle is the a. period of time between the birth and the death of a cell. b. time it takes for one cell to undergo mitosis. c. series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide. d. time from prophase until cytokinesis.
4____ 35. Which of the following is a correct statement about the events of the cell cycle? a. DNA replicates during cytokinesis. b. The M phase is usually the longest phase. c. Little happens during the G1 and G2 phases. d. Interphase consists of the G1, S, and G2 phases.
____ 36. If an organism’s diploid number is 12, its haploid number is a. 24. c. 6. b. 3. d. 12.
____ 37. As a cell grows, it a. uses up food and oxygen more quickly. b. places more demands on its DNA. c. has more trouble moving enough materials across its cell membrane. d. all of the above
____ 38. Which of the following is NOT a way that cell division solves the problems of cell growth? a. Cell division increases the surface area of the original cell. b. Cell division reduces the original cell’s volume. c. Cell division increases the mass of the original cell. d. Cell division provides each daughter cell with its own copy of DNA.
____ 39. Unlike mitosis, meiosis results in the formation of a. four genetically identical cells. b. two genetically different cells. c. two genetically identical cells. d. four genetically different cells.
____ 40. Which of the following happens when a cell divides? a. The cell has DNA overload. b. The cell’s volume increases. c. It becomes more difficult for the cell to get enough oxygen and nutrients. d. Each daughter cell receives its own copy of the parent cell’s DNA.