Lesson 2.2 Material Properties

Lesson 2.2 Material Properties – Key Terms

Additive Process / The process of creating an object by adding small pieces or layers together to make a final product.
Ceramic / Of or relating to the manufacture of any product (as earthenware, porcelain, or brick) made essentially from a nonmetallic mineral (as clay) by firing at a high temperature.
Codes / A systemized body of laws; a set of principles, as of ethics.
Composite / Solid material which is composed of two or more substances having different physical characteristics and in which each substance retains its identity while contributing desirable properties to the whole; especially, a structural material made of plastic within which a fibrous material (as silicon carbide) is embedded.
Decision Matrix / A tool for systematically ranking alternatives according to a set of criteria.
Finishing / Machining a surface to size with a fine feed produced in a lathe, milling machine, or grinder.
Forming / A process that changes the size and shape of a material by a combination of force and a shaped form.
Liability / Anything for which a person is legally bound or responsible.
Manufacturing / To make into a product suitable for use; to make from raw materials by hand or by machinery; to produce according to an organized plan and with division of labor.
Material / The elements, constituents, or substances of which something is composed or can be made; matter that has qualities which give it individuality and by which it may be categorized.
Mechanical Properties / Those properties of a material that reveal the elastic and inelastic reaction when force is applied, or that involve the relationship between stress and strain; for example, the modulus of elasticity, tensile strength, and fatigue limit.
Metals / Any of various opaque, fusible, ductile, and typically lustrous substances that are good conductors of electricity and heat.
Physical Properties / Properties other than mechanical properties that pertain to the physics of a material and can usually be measured without the application of force.
Polymers / Any of numerous natural and synthetic compounds of usually high molecular weight consisting of up to millions of repeated linked units, each a relatively light and simple molecule.
Product Life Cycle / Stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the marketplace.
Raw Material / Crude or processed material that can be converted by manufacture, processing, or combination into a new and useful product; something with a potential for improvement, development, or elaboration.
Recycling / Returning to an original condition. The extraction and recovery of valuable materials from scrap or other discarded materials.
Subtractive / Processes that remove material to change the size, shape, or surface of a part. There are two groups of separating processes: machining and shearing.
Synthetic / Produced by the combining of parts or elements to form a whole, rather than of natural origin; not real, artificial.

© 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Principles of Engineering Lesson 2.2 Material Properties – Key Terms – Page 1