Index with Abstracts
The Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 1995-2007
Prepared, Compiled & Edited
Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
Title Index and Abstract
Administration of the Tribal Areas After Independence (Syed Islam Shah, Dr.) Spring, 1998, Vol. 4 No. 1, 27-40
Agricultural Credit-its impact in changing the Socio-Economic condition of Farmers in District Mardan: A Case Study (Muhammad Jalal Ud Din, Dr.) Autumn, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 2, 79-92
This study was conducted to examine the impact of agricultural credit advanced by Agricultural Development Bank in changing the socio-economic condition of farmers in Mardan District. For this purpose 50 respondents were selected from three villages i.e., Kandare, Taos kale and Samarkand Koroona. From Kandare 20; Taos kale and Samarkand Korrona 15 each, who obtained credit from ADBP in Mardan branch? Majority of the load takers were in the age between 31-50 years. Most of the sample respondents in the study area were illiterate. They had land between 11-15 each. All the respondents utilized the credit properly. They purchased with that input, which led to the enhancement of their agricultural products. Their average income increased due to the proper utilization of credit. A number of problems were identified by some of the respondents in getting credit. It was reported by the sample respondents that the interest rate on credit was very high. Delay in getting credit was also reported as one of the main problems to the farmers. It is, therefore, recommended that the process of getting credit should be simplified so that each and every needy farmer may have an easy access to the Bank in getting credit. It is also recommended that the Bank staff should visit fields regularly so that the proper utilization of credit can be checked. It is also recommenced that the Bank should bring down its interest rate on credit for the development of agricultural sector as well as for the socio-economic uplift of the farmers.
AIOU Central Library in the 21st century: A Research Report (Jan Muhammad Chaaran) Spring, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 1, 143-155
This article discusses the historical development of the central library of Allama Iqbal Open University, and it’s technical operation, along with collection development, user services, electronic and digital media facilities. It has traveled from print media to electronic and digital media. The management of material processing and database, net services to the users through bibliographies, electronic and digital media has also been discussed. The library building turns out beautiful through the renovation. The library broadly has designed to keep the readers setting comfortably. The research information and statistics is updated from deferent sources and library records for the since last 32 thirty two years.
Alternative Concepts, An Information Processing Approach: Psychological Foundation (Sabir Hussain Raja) Spring, 2000, Vol. 7 No. 1, 115-134
The American Perception of Mussolini in the Twenties (Farooq Solangi, Dr.) Spring, 1999, Vol. 5 No. 1, 15-26
An Analytical Overview and Future Prospects of Sino-Pak Trade/Economic Relation (A. Rashid Malik, Dr.) Autumn 1997, Vol. 3 No. 2 11-26
Analysis of Technological Change on Employee Development Process in Pakistani Banks (Muhammad Haroon & Muhammad Khalique) Spring 2007, 39-48
Today businesses are changing with the speed of thoughts, especially in terms of technology and trends. Technological change is a constant phenomenon in contemporary organization. These accelerating changes have allowed theorists and practitioners to envision new avenues in the field of HRM. This study investigated the employee development practices Pakistani banks. Inferences had drawn by the study show that banking sector in Pakistan lacking behind in terms of inculcating HRD concepts. On-the-job training was reported as the most frequently used training method. The discussion and recommendations focus on the need for improved change management approach.
An Appraisal of the European Community’s External Trade and Development Cooperation Regime with Reference to Pakistan (Rashid A. Naeem, Dr.) 1996, Vol.1 No. 1 & 2 37-80
This article has outlined and critically analyzed the main instruments of the European Community’s (EC) external trade and development cooperation regime. It concentrates on both aspects of instruments which restrain exports and preferential arrangements favoring imports from developing countries. It has been shown that in case of Pakistan, EC’s development cooperation instruments have been implemented at multilateral level over the years within the legal framework of commercial cooperation agreement signed between Pakistan and the EC.
Approaches to the Study of Innovation: A Critical Review (Muhammad Latif Virk, Dr.) 1996, Vol.1 No. 1 & 2 101-118
As a result of rapid changes in science, technology and socio-economic conditions in the post war period, the study of innovation has emerged as a key concept in educational inquiry and is central to many cotemporary academic debates. This paper discusses and critically examines the various approaches to the study of innovation as found in the literature. The review presented here suggests that despite impressive studies on the subject, the question of definition remains unresolved. In facts the concept seems to have been quite muddled up. In the end, a useful definition has been introduced which offers common ground for operationalization of the concept for research purpose.
Architectural Heritage of Muslim Spain 11th-15th Centuries: A Brief Survey(Tauqier Ahmad Khan, Malik) Autumn, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 2, 65-78
The Muslim conquest of Spain brought security, prosperity, and enlightenment to the region. It transformed its sociocultural and economic structure from simile to brightness. In this process, among other achievements, Muslim Spain produced architectural masterpieces including mosques, places, and gardens. The period of Muslim rule in Spain is extended over seven centuries. Grand works in architecture started in the eighth century with the construction of Cordoba Mosque and terminated at the construction of Alhambra in the fifteenth century. There is extensive history of beautiful monuments in between these two constructions. Remnants of architecture of the period under discussion (11th to 15th centuries) are rarely found in real form. Many monuments have been vanished but few remaining provide us information about the architectural genius of the Muslims. This article highlights the achievements and innovative elements of Muslim rulers during the period of their downfall in the field of architecture. Muslim architecture in Andalus falls into two broad styles characterizing two distinct schools of architecture.
First was the caliphate style emanating from Cordoba and brought by the Arabs from the middle east (Cordoba Mosque is an example of this style), the second period was that of the maghreb style, developed by Muslims in Morocco and brought to Spain in the 12th century. This article deals primarily with the second phase.
Art of the Indus Valley Civilization (Badshah Sardar) Silver Jubilee Issue, 1999, Vol. 6, 11-18
Ataturk’s Emergence Muslim Punjab 1914-1924 (Sher Muhammed Garewal)
Autumn, 1999, Vol.5 No. 2, 1-14
Book Review A Book Valued as Being Rare: Story of te Commonwealth of Learning (Mahmudur Rahman, Dr.) Spring 1995, Vol. 1 No. 1 209-211
Book Review: A Collection of Critiques (Mahmudur Rehman, Dr.) Autumn, 1997, Vol. 3 No. 2 129-130
Book Review: Anthropology As Science the Problem of Indigenisation in Pakistan (Rathore, A. H., Prof.) Autumn, 1998,Vol. 4 No.2, 99-101
Book Review: In search of excellence: lessons from America’s best-run companies (Mirza B. Baig, Dr. & Gary S. Straquadine, Dr.) Spring, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 1, 157-162
A Brief Review of the Working of the Muhammeden Education Conference 1886-1906 (Syed Iqbal Pervaize) Spring, 1999, Vol. 5 No. 1, 37-50
Book Review: Iqbal’s Futuristic (Rahim Bakhsh Shahin, Prof. Dr.) Spring, 1997, Vol. 1 No. 1 130-131
Book Review: Pakistan Movement; Through the Diary of a Labour (Mahmudur Rehman, Dr. ) Spring, 1998, Vol 4 No. 1 149-151
Book Review: Politics of Identity; Ethnic Nationalism and the State of Pakistan ( Kausar Parveen) Autumn, 2005, Vol. XIII No. 2, 1-12
Book Review Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (His Death Centenary Falls on March 29) (Mahmudur Rehman,Dr. ) Spring, 1999, Vol. 5 No. 1, 135-138
Book Review: Uncollected Writings About Iqbal ( Nazeer Siddiqui, Prof.) Spring, 1997, Vol 1 No. 1 129-130
Book Review: The Taliban; War and Religion in Afghanistan (Khalid Mahmood) Spring, 2005, Vol. XIII No. 1, 98-101
Book Review: The Works of Quaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah( Riaz Ahmed) Silver Jubilee Issue, 1999, Vol. 6, 141-144
Boosting Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan: Need to Learn from Chinese Experience (A.Rashid Malik) Silver Jubilee Issue, 1999, Vol. 6, 49-68
A Brief Historical Perspective: Anthropology in India until 1970 ( M. Farooq Solangi, Dr.) & sallahuddin Khan, Dr.) Spring, 1998, Vol. 4 No. 1 81-90
Britain’s Role In the Origins of The Cols war In the 1940s: A View In Retrospect (Zulfaqar Khan) Spring, 2000, Vol. 7 No. 1, 157-180
British Administration of the Tribal Areas (Syed Islam Shah, Dr.) Spring, 1997, Vol. 1 No. 1 55-62
The British Government’s practical Policies and Their Impact on the Muslims of the Subcontinent (Farooq Solangi) Spring 1995, Vol. 1 No. 1 115-140
Changing Labour Migration Patterns and their Impact on Agriculture in Hunza valley, Northern Areas, Pakistan (Arif Mehmood) Spring, 1999, Vol. 5 No. 1, 89-100
Cholistan: The Great Desert in Pakistan Historical, Socio-Cultural Dimensions (Abdul Hamid Khan, Dr., and Shami, Javid Usman 1996, Vol.1 No. 1 & 2, 119-132
A Collection of Imam Khomeini’s Poetry (Mahmudur Rahman, Dr.) 1996, Vol.1 No. 1 & 2 155-158
Comparative study of MA Education through distance Education of a developed Country(USA) and less developed country (Pakistan) (Tanvir malik & Sohail Anjum) Autumn, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 2, 141-150
The Concept of shareholders: Perception and its Implications in Pakistani Stock Exchanges (Muhammad Amir Shah, Syed & Hassan Raza, Dr Syed) Spring 2007, 1-14
The paper attempts to analyze the concept of Shareholder’s Wealth, with relation to the prevailing notion in the Stock exchanges. The study analyzes the information provided by the local stock exchanges, brokers and information available on the Internet. Primarily the focus would on the theoretical knowledge and second phase related it to the practicality of the area under discussion. It has often been argued that companies administrate with the objective to Increase the shareholders wealth – market price per share of the firm’s common stock. Though companies consist of number of stakeholders along with one shareholder that is employees, suppliers, lenders, customers, government and society. Whereas by pursuing the interest of only one stakeholder at the cost of other stakeholders, we are doing injustice with other stakeholders. This practice of running companies created number of problems. The study would provide a practice in the area and would put forward any probable modification and would attempt to endow with classification to a vital question of how is this tension could be resolved.
Conceptual approach to Digital Library (Muhammad Hamid) Spring, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 1, 131-142
Constitutional relationship between president and Prime Minister: implications of the parliamentary system in Pakistan (Kausar Parveen, Mis) Autumn, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 2, 1-22
President-PM relationship in Pakistan has always been troublesome. People of Pakistan have always showed commitment with the parliamentary system. But parliamentary democracy has not taken roots in Pakistan. There have been many amendments that have altered the relationship of both offices several times. The ever-changing relationship has destabilized the political set up of Pakistan with the eighth Amendment; two centers of powers were created in the political system. The continuous struggle for power between the president and PM had caused the breaking down of the system with intervals. Once again article 58(2b) has been revived I the constitution through the seventeenth amendment Now the single most crucial issue before the people of Pakistan is how to ensure the balance between the two offices, which contribute to the smooth functioning of the political system of Pakistan. The only solution is the parliamentary system with PM as the chief executive as he is directly elected by the people and is responsible to the people. The effective check on his authority is regular elections therefore there is no need of balance of power between PM and president in the parliamentary system in Pakistan.
Critical Evaluation of Electronic Media in Pakistan: Audience Perception of GEO and PTV News (Shahzad Ali and Javed Hussain) Spring, 2005, Vol. XIII No. 1, 51-78
This article presents comparative analysis of GEO and PTV news bulletin (sixty days). The study also examining opinion of 200 respondents regarding PTV and GEO news. In this regard, five hypothesis were formulated, developed and tests by the researchers.
Findings of the study reveal that most of the respondents prefer to watch, Geo news as compared to PTV. The results of the study shows as it was predicted, that PTV has given more coverage and significance to the statements of official authorities and Kashmir issue. It is obvious that PTV is the mouth piece of every successive is ruling regime and has been under absolute Govt. control since its inception, so it was not stunning findings that PTV has given less priority and coverage to opposition parties as compared to GEO news. Similarly, the ratio of international news was greater in GEO as compared to PTV.
A Cyclic Change in China’s Kashmir Policy (Aman Memon) Spring, 1999, Vol. 5 No. 1, 83-92
Development of Juvenile Literature (Mahmudur Raman, Dr.) Silver Jubilee Issue, 1999, Vol. 6, 33-40
Development of Multi Media Libraries in Pakistan Audio_Visual Aids in Libraries (Abid Khawaja) Spring, 1999, Vol. 5 No. 1, 51-64
Differential in Age at Marriage (Rukhsana Masood, Dr.) Spring, 1998, Vol. 4 No. 1 137-148
Dilemma of Farmland Conversion in Pakistan (Asad Ali Khan) Spring, 2000, Vol. 7 No. 1, 83-90
Arable land is a basic and major resource for the production of human food. But it seems that expansion of human population and his activities will reduce the availability of land for food production in future. While on the other hand food demands will grow rapidly. Expanding population demands more food on one side and devours agricultural land on the other side which is alarming for each of us. The study in point presents a brief view of the problem, on the basis of which, lessons for the future can be drawn.
Does Western Privatization/Economic Model Worth Copying? The Pak-UK Context (Sajid, M.A. Dr.) Spring, 1998, Vol. 4 No. 1 71-80
Dynamics of Global Conflict and Ummah’s Response (Mirza Aslam Beg, General) (R) Spring, 1998, Vol. 4 No. 1 1-18
Education in Islam (Mian Bakhsh Lagari and Nabi Bakhsh Jumani) Spring, 2000, Vol. 7 No. 1, 91-100
This article attempts to highlight the importance of education in Islam with special reference to Quran and Hadith. The article also makes use of other prominent sources to determine the place of education in Islam.
Effect of information Technology on Society-A Postmodernist perspective (Abdul Siraj, Dr. Syed) Spring, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 1, 1-14
Post-modernist media reject “Meta-narration” and give emphasis on the plurality of truths. To-day society is a visual society and our social reality in dominated by the media reality. We are now living in a three minutes culture because reality is littered with video footage, computer games advertising, film, television images and photographs. Post-modernism is a set of literary and cultural movements. It emerged after the collapse of the division between the elite culture and mass culture/common culture.
The speed of communication has brought the concept of “hare and now” There is no time to just “smell the rose” TV remote controller has given more control to the audience member in the communication process. Now audience choices are given top priority. This uses and gratification approach has not only put the audience member on the driving seat in communication processing but has also brought about fragmentation and segmentation in the society. This cauterization of audience has changed the very definition of mass communication.
Everything, which was directly lived, has moved into a representation. Where the tangible world is replaced by a selection of images and which simultaneously has imposed itself as a tangible. Post-modernist media believe in the adoption and juxtaposing of old and new text, image, idea to produce all together a new meaning. Now more emphasis is given on the style rather than the substance and content. The labels become more important than the product. Packaging is more important than the contents. People buy inferior product our superior over because they like the color of the packages. All this is bizarre but true.
Ego-The Central Plank of Iqbal’s Philosophy of Life (Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhri, Dr.) Spring 1995, Vol. 1 No. 1 161-208
Ego-The Central Plank of Iqbal’s Philosophy of Life (Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhri, Dr.) Spring 1995, Vol. 1 No. 1 161-208
The Emergin Role of Public Utilities Regulator in Pakistan (Hassan Raza, Syed) Spring, 2005, Vol. XIII No. 1, 27-38
The world is turning away from government control over the economy.. According to western literature it is quite evident that Central planning as failure. With the emerging globalization market economy has succeeded. Deregulation and privatization of natural monopolies emerged the regulator of public utilities on the science, although in a diminished role. Literature on privatization argued that a well-balanced retulator4s take into account the needs of utilities to earn sufficient income to attract investors, as well as the requirement that the utilities provide reliable services in adequate quantities at the lowest possible price. Excessive attention to assuring high levels of profit may against those investors afterwards. Excessive emphasis thereby hindering a successful privatization.
Electronic Media of Pakistan and family planning: A study about the Coverage and impact of family planning Media Campaign wit perspective of Pakistan.(Shahzad Ali & Rooh-e-Aslam) Spring, 2006, Vol. XIV No. 1, 55-84
The prime purpose of this research article was to highlight the coverage of Pakistani media about family planning. Secondly, the researchers have slightly mentioned and evaluated the impact of family planning media campaign in this regard.
This research article is divided into two sections, in the first part of the study extensive details and discussions have been done about population explosion as a global concern, its causes and procedure plus methods to control this menace have been incorporated by the researchers. Subsequently, the significance, objectives and need of family planning with perspective of Pakistan have been included in this study. Similarly, various factors effecting (i.e culture, religion and gender) family planning have been discussed by the researchers.