HUM-FNW Unit 5B Study GuideKEY
Name: ______Date: ______Period: ___
- What year was the federal law signed that required foods to display certain items on their labels?1990
- The __amount__ of the item in the package must be listed on the package
- __Functional__ foods do not require pre-approval by the FDA
- If an ingredient is the _First_ ingredient listed it means that package contains the largest amount of that food.
- The word “Low” can be used on food where you can’t eat _beyond the dietary guidelines.
- The _percent__ of daily value is based on a 2000-24000 calorie diet.
- Dietary _Supplements_ are not required to be pre-approved by the FDA.
- The Federal __Trade__ Commission regulates advertising of Dietary Supplements.
- “Extra Lean” foods have less than 2 grams of saturated fat and less than 5 grams of total fat.
- The _USDA_ takes action against unsafe products after they are on the market.
- List the foods that are not required to follow the label law Chewing gum, Foods sold in bulk, medical formalas, Foods produced by small businesses, and food with little nutritive value (bottled water, spices, coffee, etc)
- Light the food contains _1/2_ fewer calories or _1/2___ the fat of the comparison food.
- Fortified means that an ______amount has been added beyond what was lost before in processing.
- Give examples of Fortified Foods Milk with Vitamin D, Fruit Juice with calcium, Bread with niacin, Flour with folic acid, Salt with iodine, water or toothpaste with fluoride.
- List the types of Dietary Supplements Below.
___Vitamins, minerals, herbals, botanicals, Amino Acids & enzymes______
- List the forms of Dietary Supplements Below. Tablets, capsules, powders and energy bars or drinks ___
- Define Functional Food – any healthy food claimed to have a health-promoting or disease-preventing property beyond the basic function of supplying nutrients.
- Give examples of functional foods: Oats, soy, Broccoli, eggs with Omega-3, cruciferous vegetables.
- Define Enriched – Adding back the amount of nutrients that is taken out of a food in processing.
- The common food that is enriched? Flour
- Define Fortified – Adding back more than the amount of nutrients that is taken out of a food in processing.
- List the items that are required to be listed on a packaged food label:
Product name, net contents, manufactures name, contact information and ingredients list.
- List the items that are required to be listed on a Nutrition Facts Panel:
Serving Size, Servings per container, calories, calories from fat, Nutrient amounts and % daily values.
- What is a percent daily value?
Guide to the nutrients that one serving of that food contains in relation to the total amount you should receive each day. Based on a 2000-2400 calorie diet.
- The Dietary Guidelines are created for what age group?
Ages 2 and older
- Explain in detail what’s the purpose of the dietary guidelines for Americans?
Encourages Americans to eat fewer calories, be more active and make wise food choices.
- List and explain the two sources of trans-fats.
Trans-Fats Formed During Food Processing- created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil (hydrogenation) to make it more solid
Trans-Fats Formed Naturally- produced in the gut of some grazing animals.
- Explain HDL and LDL.
HDL – Good Cholesterol, trans-fats lowers your HDLs
LDL – Bad Cholesterol, trans-fats raises your LDLs and increases your risk of stroke and heart attack.
- Why do companies use trans-fats if they know they are bad for us/
Inexpensive, long lasting, gives food a desirable taste and texture and trans-fat oils can be used many times in commercial fryers.
- List foods that contain non-natural occurring trans-fats.
Fried foods, baked goods, stick margarines, shortenings, frozen pizzas, coffee creamer, ready to use frostings, pre-mixed cake mixes & pancakes, chips, microwave popcorn and frozen dinners.
- List foods that contain natural occurring trans-fats.
Meat (beef& lamb), dairy products and butter fat.
- Based on a 2000 calorie diet how much trans-fat should one eat per day?
- List ways to avoid trans fats.
Check labels for “Partially Hydrogenated Oils”, Choose low fat foods (whole grains, fruits and vegetables), Eat more seafood, Eat healthy fats (walnuts, avocado, olives & almonds), bake, steam, grill or broil and cook & bake with vegetable oils NOT solid fats (shortenings, butter or lard)
- “MyPlate” is formerly known as what?
- How do we balance our caloric intake?
Make sure your intake of calories is balanced by your outtake/activity/exertion.
- How long does it take for your stomach to tell your brain it is full?20 minutes
- You should choose to eat more Nutrient dense foods.
- At least half of your grains should be whole grains.
- Draw and label the food groups that complete “MyPlate” below.