Democratic Republic of CONGO - A bird checklist
Tommy Pedersen 2005, revised January 2010
WILSON'S STORM-PETREL Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus/exasperatus - Occurs as a rare to uncommon non-breeding visitor to the coast.
LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis capensis - Fairly common in all D.R.C.
GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus infuscatus - Rare in small lakes from the Lake Kivu area to s Lake Edward. Also recorded in the Katanga province north of Kamina.
CAPE GANNET Sula capensis - Two observations; a ringed South African bird recovered at the Congo River mouth on July 26th 1966, and appx. 40 immatures passing out at sea in November 1973.
GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo lucidus - Common from Lake Tanganyika to Lake Albert. Might occur in the Katanga province. This race is called White-breasted Cormorant.
LONG-TAILED CORMORANT Phalacrocorax africanus africanus - Locally common in all D.R.C. Several thousand recorded Lake Upemba in the Katanga province.
AFRICAN DARTER Anhinga rufa rufa - Found locally in all D.R.C., not particularly common.
GREAT WHITE PELICAN Pelecanus onocrotalus - Common non-breeding resident at Lake Edward. Occurs also in western D.R.C., possibly also in the Katanga province.
PINK-BACKED PELICAN Pelecanus rufescens - Fairly common in all D.R.C. Breeds at Lake Edward.
GREAT BITTERN Botaurus stellaris stellaris - Very rare winter visitor; one female near Mbandaka October 27th 1957, one Ikolota, Tshuapa district December 23rd 1951. Also recorded northeastern D.R.C.
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris capensis - Status unclear, might occur in the southern Katanga province, along the border with Zambia.
LITTLE BITTERN Ixobrychus minutus minutus - Status unclear, uncommon winter visitor to all of D.R.C. from October - March. 8 skins collected in the Kivu provinces from Kamituga and Butembo.
()Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus payesii - Fairly common resident in all D.R.C.
DWARF BITTERN Ixobrychus sturmii - Uncommon resident in all D.R.C., probably absent from the central rainforest. Eleven skins collected from the Equateur province.
WHITE-CRESTED TIGER HERON Tigriornis leucolophus - Not well known. Found from Mbandaka and nw Ubangi district east to the Ituri Forest and nw Lake Tanganyika.
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax - Fairly common resident and winter visitor. Found at the coast, Kasai provinces and in eastern D.R.C.
WHITE-BACKED NIGHT HERON Gorsachius leuconotus - Uncommon, from the coast to the nw Equateur province, the Ituri Forest and the Kivu area. Possibly also in Kasai and Katanga.
SQUACCO HERON Ardeola ralloides - Locally common resident and non-breeding visitor to all D.R.C.
MADAGASCAR POND HERON Ardeola idae - Rare to uncommon visitor to the Kivu and Katanga provinces, mainly from May to November. One record from January.
RUFOUS-BELLIED HERON Ardeola rufiventris - Regular in the Katanga province, otherwise rare; one observation from s Lake Edward.
CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis ibis - Locally common to very common resident and migrant to all D.R.C. An abundant species in Kinshasa.
STRIATED HERON Butorides striata atricapilla - Locally common in all D.R.C.
BLACK EGRET Egretta ardesiaca - Regular in the Katanga province and at the coast. Rare in the Kivu area, with six known observations. Might be regular as far north as the Ruzizi Delta.
LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta garzetta - Common in the east, from the Katanga province north to Lake Edward and the Sudan border. No breeding records.
INTERMEDIATE EGRET Egretta intermedia brachyrhyncha - Fairly common, from the Katanga province where it nests, north to Lake Edward and the Sudan border.
GREAT WHITE EGRET Egretta alba melanorhyncha - Fairly common all D.R.C., breeding recorded near Kungu, Ubangi and on the Sangasi River (130'S - 17E).
PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea purpurea - Fairly common resident and non-breeding visitor to all D.R.C. Breeding recorded in the Equateur province.
GREY HERON Ardea cinerea cinerea - Locally common resident and non-breeding visitor to all D.R.C.
BLACK-HEADED HERON Ardea melanocephala - Locally common resident to all D.R.C.
GOLIATH HERON Ardea goliath - Locally common all D.R.C.
HAMERKOP Scopus umbretta umbretta - Locally common all D.R.C.
YELLOW-BILLED STORK Mycteria ibis - Locally common all D.R.C.
AFRICAN OPENBILL STORK Anastomus lamelligerus lamelligerus - Fairly common all D.R.C., seasonally abundant from Lake Kivu to Lake Edward. In Equateur seen from August - June.
BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra - Vagrant. Known from a female collected at Garamba N.P. on December 30th 1949.
ABDIM'S STORK Ciconia abdimii - Common visitor to all D.R.C., from October to December and from February to April. Some observations in May, July and August.
WOOLLY-NECKED STORK Ciconia episcopus microscelis - Fairly common but local. Occurs in all D.R.C.
EUROPEAN WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia ciconia - Regular winter visitor to the east, northeast and west D.R.C. Immatures present from May to August in Tshuapa and Equateur.
SADDLE-BILLED STORK Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis - Locally common in all D.R.C. outside the forest.
MARABOU STORK Leptoptilos crumeniferus - Common in most of D.R.C., less so in the forest. Only one record from the Tshuapa district.
SHOEBILL Balaeniceps rex - Nests in the Upemba N.P., also found along the Lufira River in Katanga. Very uncommon visitor to se and s Lake Edward with appx. 10 records (presumably from Uganda).
SACRED IBIS Threskiornis aethiopicus aethiopicus - Locally common all D.R.C. outside the forest.
GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus - Locally common non-breeding resident and winter visitor, from n Lake Tanganyika in the Ruzizi Delta to s Lake Edward.
HADADA IBIS Bostrychia hagedash nilotica - Very common outside the rainforest in the east and northeastern D.R.C.; from Lake Kivu to Lake Albert, the Lendu plateau and Garamba N.P.
()Hadada Ibis Bostrychia hagedash brevirostris - Common, also inside the rainforest. Found from the coast to the nw Equateur province, Katanga province and the Ituri Forest.
OLIVE IBIS Bostrychia olivacea cupreipennis - Uncommon to very uncommon, from the s Kivu province to the Ituri Forest. One skin collected in Bolobo south of Mbandaka.
SPOT-BREASTED IBIS Bostrychia rara - Locally fairly common, from the Mbandaka area to Uele and the Ituri Forest, south to the Kasai province. Breeding confirmed in the Equateur province.
EURASIAN SPOONBILL Platalea leucorodia leucorodia / archeri - One record from s Lake Edward in April. Also said to be a rare visitor to the extreme northeast D.R.C.
AFRICAN SPOONBILL Platalea alba - Locally common in east D.R.C., from Lake Tanganyika to the Sudan border. Might also occur in the Katanga province and nw Equateur province.
GREATER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus roseus - Very rare with two known obs.; Lulimbi research station, se Lake Edward in 1974 & 1991.
LESSER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus minor - Rare s and se Lake Edward with thousands present in 1974 at Lulimbi with 80 nests found.
FULVOUS WHISTLING DUCK Dendrocygna bicolor - Breeds in the Katanga province in Upemba N.P., regular visitor to eastern D.R.C., rare elsewhere. Not seen inside the forest.
Exceptional coastal record; a flock of 40 birds in late april 1959 (2 skins at Tervuren) at Mateba Island, Bas-Congo.
WHITE-FACED WHISTLING DUCK Dendrocygna viduata - Fairly common resident from the Katanga province to the Kivu province, straggler elsewhere. Uncommon Gbadolite. No records Tshuapa.
WHITE-BACKED DUCK Thalassornis leuconotus leuconotus - Occurs from s Bandundu province to the Katanga province. Breeding recorded in Kasai in 1952. Rare in small lakes around Lake Kivu.
Out of range juveniles were observed in the Mongala district, n Equateur province in 1957 and 1958 (Demey et al. 2000).
EGYPTIAN GOOSE Alopochen aegyptiacus - Locally common all D.R.C. outside the rainforest.
SPUR-WINGED GOOSE Plectropterus gambensis gambensis - Local and uncommon all D.R.C. outside the rainforest.
KNOB-BILLED DUCK Sarkidiornis melanotos melanotos - Fairly common all D.R.C. Non-breeding groups observed from November to March.
HARTLAUB'S DUCK Pteronetta hartlaubii - Locally fairly common all D.R.C., ecxept in the Katanga province. Found inside rainforest as well as in gallery forest.
AFRICAN PYGMY GOOSE Nettapus auritus - Local resident in all D.R.C., more common in the Katanga and Equateur provinces. Very uncommon in the Kivu province.
AFRICAN BLACK DUCK Anas sparsa leucostigma - Uncommon resident from Lake Upemba in Katanga province through the Kivu highlands to nw Lake Albert. Occurence at Gbadolite needs confirmation.
YELLOW-BILLED DUCK Anas undulata undulata - Fairly common in the Katanga province, maybe also in Kasai. Very uncommon in eastern D.R.C. north to Lake Albert.
GADWALL Anas strepera strepera - Vagrant, one obs. known; one female collected at Boguela in the Mongala district, n Equateur on January 6th 1957.
EURASIAN WIGEON Anas penelope - Very rare winter visitor, three undated obs. known from s Lake Edward, near Buta in the northeast and from Garamba N.P.
CAPE TEAL Anas capensis - One old observation from the extreme s Katanga province; shot by Mouritz (Ibis 1914:35) . Possibly a mis-identification and in the future might be excluded from this list.
COMMON TEAL Anas crecca crecca - Rare winter visitor, three obs. known; Buta February 4th 1935, n Lake Edward December 11th 1935 and Garamba N.P. December 26th 1951.
NORTHERN PINTAIL Anas acuta acuta - Uncommon winter visitor, from Lake Edward to the Sudan border. One obs. in January 1946 in the Tshuapa district, and December 1958 in n Equateur province.
RED-BILLED DUCK Anas erythrorhyncha - Locally common, from the Katanga province north through the Kivu province to Lake Albert. Should also occur in Kasai.
HOTTENTOT TEAL Anas hottentota - Fairly common from the Katanga province north to Lake Edward, possibly north to Garamba N.P.
GARGANEY Anas querquedula - Regular winter visitor, locally not uncommon Lake Edward. Could occur anywhere from the Katanga province to the Sudan border.
NORTHERN SHOVELER Anas clypeata - Very rare winter visitor, from Lake Edward to the Sudan border. First seen at Vitshumbi, Lake Edward on January 13th 1936.
CAPE SHOVELER Anas smithii - Vagrant, one observation known; one individual captured near Kapolowe in the Katanga province, date unknown.
SOUTHERN POCHARD Netta erythrophthalma brunnea - Local and quite uncommon, from the Katanga province to Lake Albert, non-breeding dispersion to Kasai and Uele.
TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula - Vagrant, two records known; one undated at Buta in the Uele district, and once Mongala, n Equateur in February 1958.
MACCOA DUCK Oxyura maccoa - Local and very uncommon in the Lake Kivu area, mainly in the Masisi mountains.
OSPREY Pandion haliaetus haliaetus - Uncommon to locally fairly common resident and migrant to nearly all D.R.C., breeding not confirmed. No records in the Equateur province.
AFRICAN CUCKOO HAWK Aviceda cuculoides cuculoides - Not uncommon, from nw Equateur province east to Uele and the Lendu plateau, north to the Sudan border.
()African Cuckoo Hawk Aviceda cuculoides batesi - Not uncommon, from the coast to Mbandaka and Lake May-Ndombe.
()African Cuckoo Hawk Aviceda cuculoides verreauxi - Not uncommon, from s Bandundu province to the Katanga province, the Ituri Forest and the Kivu province.
EUROPEAN HONEY BUZZARD Pernis apivorus apivorus - Sparce visitor from Aug. - April to the Kivu and Katanga provinces, north to the Sudan border and the Equateur province.
BAT HAWK Macheiramphus alcinus andersoni - Local and uncommon in most of D.R.C., less uncommon in the central rainforest, Katanga and Kivu provinces. Observed Garamba N.P.
BLACK-SHOULDERED KITE Elanus caeruleus caeruleus - Common in most of D.R.C., less common in Katanga and the central rainforest. Frequent nw D.R.C. but no records from Tshuapa.
BLACK KITE Milvus migrans migrans - Regular winter visitor, from Lake Albert to Uele and the Sudan border. One observation Lake Tanganyika, one obs. s Lake Edward.
()Yellow-billed Kite Milvus migrans tenebrosus - Locally very common all D.R.C.
AFRICAN FISH EAGLE Haliaeetus vocifer - Locally common all D.R.C. near water, most common from Lake Tanganyika to Uele and the Sudan border. Rare in the Gbadolite area.
PALM-NUT VULTURE Gypohierax angolensis - Common in all of D.R.C.
HOODED VULTURE Necrosyrtes monachus - Common in the Katanga province, through e Kivu province to s Lake Albert and the Sudan border.
WHITE-BACKED VULTURE Gyps africanus - Common in e D.R.C., from Lake Kivu to the Sudan border. Status in Katanga unclear, might be common. One observation in Kasai.
RUEPPELL'S GRIFFON VULTURE Gyps rueppellii rueppellii - Very uncommon. Six obs. known from se & sw Lake Edward, first recorded in Sept. 1981. One obs. Garamba N.P.
LAPPET-FACED VULTURE Torgos tracheliotus tracheliotus - Fairly common but very local, from n Lake Kivu to n Lake Edward. Might also occur in the Katanga province.
WHITE-HEADED VULTURE Trigonoceps occipitalis - Fairly common from the Katanga and Kivu provinces to Lake Albert and the Sudan border.
BEAUDOUIN’S SNAKE EAGLE Circaetus beaudouini - Only one record known; one bird collected at Faradje, near Garamba N.P. on November 23rd 1941 and stored at Tervuren.
Said to be a visitor to Garamba N.P. from January - March and June - July, with juveniles found in February, but these observations needs confirmation as no description is given.
In nearby Uganda this species occurs occasionally in the Ruwenzori N.P. and Kabalega Falls N.P.
BLACK-CHESTED SNAKE EAGLE Circaetus pectoralis - Fairly common from the coast to s Kasai and the Katanga province north to Lake Albert. Also in Garamba N.P. (apparently out of range).
BROWN SNAKE EAGLE Circaetus cinereus - Uncommon to locally common from the coast to Katanga, e Kivu to Uele and the Sudan border.
WESTERN BANDED SNAKE EAGLE Circaetus cinerascens - Uncommon from the coast to s Bandundu and Katanga provinces. Also from s Lake Kivu to the Sudan border with one record from Uele.
BATELEUR Terathopius ecaudatus - Fairly common from the coast to Kasai and Katanga, north through e Kivu to Lake Albert, Uele and along the Sudan border.
CONGO SERPENT EAGLE Dryotriorchis spectabilis batesi - Fairly common in the Mayombe forest, then from the Mbandaka area to n Kasai, the Kivu province and Uele.
AFRICAN HARRIER HAWK Polyboroides typus typus - Common in less forested areas, from Katanga through Kivu to nw Lake Albert and the Sudan border.
()African Harrier Hawk Polyboroides typus pectoralis - Common in the forested areas, from the coast to w Kivu province, Uele and northwards.
WESTERN MARSH HARRIER Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus - Common winter visitor to Katanga and east D.R.C. north to the Sudan border. Uncommon nw D.R.C. One obs. west-central D.R.C.
AFRICAN MARSH HARRIER Circus ranivorus - Locally common from n Lake Tanganyika to Lake Albert. Also a disjunct population in s Bandundu and c Kasai provinces.
PALLID HARRIER Circus macrourus - Regular and not uncommon winter visitor from s Lake Kivu to Uele and along the Sudan border. One record in the s Bandundu province.
MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus - Fairly common winter visitor from s Lake Kivu to Uele and the Sudan border.
DARK CHANTING GOSHAWK Melierax metabates metabates - Locally common, from n Lake Albert (Ishwa Plain) to the Sudan border.
()Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates mechowi - Locally not uncommon from se Bandundu province to the Katanga province. To be looked for further west.
GABAR GOSHAWK Melierax gabar - Fairly common in s Bandundu and Kasai provinces, one breeding record Ubangi. Uncommon from Katanga to the Semliki Valley. Recorded twice Garamba N.P.
BLACK SPARROWHAWK Accipiter melanoleucus melanoleucus - Common all D.R.C.
OVAMBO SPARROWHAWK Accipiter ovampensis - Very uncommon, from the Katanga province to Lake Albert, Uele and the Garamba N.P. Possibly in the s Bandundu province.
RUFOUS-CHESTED SPARROWHAWK Accipiter rufiventris rufiventris - Fairly common, from Lake Tanganyika to Lake Kivu and the Ruwenzori Mtn. A disjunct population in c Katanga.
LITTLE SPARROWHAWK Accipiter minullus - Fairly common from the coast through s Bandundu to Katanga, north to the Semliki Valley. Possibly also along the Sudan border.
RED-THIGHED SPARROWHAWK Accipiter erythropus zenkeri - Not uncommon in most of D.R.C. except the coast, s Bandundu, s Kasai and Katanga.
CHESTNUT-FLANKED SPARROWHAWK Accipiter castanilius castanilius - Common from the coast east to nw Lake Tanganyika and Uele. Uncommon Ubangi. One record s Katanga.
AFRICAN GOSHAWK Accipiter tachiro sparsimfasciatus - Common, from the Katanga province north through the Kivu highlands to Garamba N.P.
RED-CHESTED GOSHAWK Accipiter tousseneliitoussenelii - Common, in forested areas from the coast east to appx. Mbandaka and Lake May-Ndombe.
()Red-chested Goshawk Accipiter tousseneliicanescens - Common, east of A.t.toussenelii, found in more forested areas. Absent from the Kivu highlands.
SHIKRA Accipiter badius sphenurus - Locally common, from the Semliki Valley to Lake Albert and the Sudan border. Six specimens known from Ubangi and Mongala.
()Shikra Accipiter badius polyzonoides - Common, from the Katanga province to s Kivu province. Should also occur from the coast through s Bandundu to Katanga.
LEVANT SPARROWHAWK Accipiter brevipes - Vagrant. One specimen collected at Gangala-na-Bodio, near Garamba N.P. in March 1955.
LONG-TAILED HAWK Urotriorchis macrourus - Uncommon, from the Mayombe forest to the Kivu lowlands and northwards. One observation in the s Bandundu province.
GRASSHOPPER BUZZARD Butastur rufipennis - Common visitor from October to March along the border of CAR and Sudan, east to Lake Albert. Said to be common around Gbadolite.
LIZARD BUZZARD Kaupifalco monogrammicus monogrammicus - Common in northern D.R.C., although less common in the Kivu highlands.
()Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus meridionalis - Common in southern D.R.C.
COMMON BUZZARD Buteo buteo vulpinus - Common winter visitor to east D.R.C., from Kisangani eastwards. One record in the Katanga province, and two in the Equateur province.
MOUNTAIN BUZZARD Buteo oreophilus oreophilus - Locally common resident in e D.R.C., from the Itombwe Mts. to the Ruwenzori Mtn. Possibly also found around northwest Lake Albert.