Name______Period ______

Walker AP World History Ch 21 Reading Study Guide #2 P. 478-492

1. What was the preferred sect of Islam followed by the Persian Safavids? Pg. 478

2. Who was the leader of the Safavids? What were his followers called? Pg. 478

3. Where did the Ottoman and Safavid Empires clash in 1514? Pg. 478

4. What was the outcome of the battle? What were the impacts of this victory? Pg. 479

5. How did Shah Abbas I (the Great) organize and develop his army? Pg. 479

(Thinking Historically: The Gunpowder Empires & the Shifting Balance of Global Power, Pg 480)

6. What was “made clear” by the Battle of Chaldiran? (Reading, Pg.480)

7. What was the impact of new weapons technology on old-fashioned stone and timer fortresses? (Reading, Pg.480)

8. In what ways did leaders in Japan & China retreat (eventually) from new weapons technology? (Reading, Pg.480)

9. How were smaller European nation-states able to rival these 3 massive Muslim Empires? (Reading, Pg.480)

10. Why/how did Shi’ism become integral to Iranian identity (even to this day)? Pg. 481

11. What building projects and internal improvements did Abbas I undertake during his reign? Pg. 482

12. What economic challenges were faced by both the Ottman and Safavid Empires? Pg. 482-483

13. What social disadvantages were faced by women in these empires? Pg. 483

14. Describe the rapid decline of the Safavid Empire. Pg. 484

15. Why did Babur initially conduct raids into Northern India? Pg. 484

16. How did this lead to the foundation of the Mughal Empire? Pg. 484

17. Who were some of Akbar’s contemporary rulers around the world? Pg. 485

18. Why do you think Stearns asserts that Akbar was “one of the greatest leaders in history”? Pg. 485

19. How did Akbar reform government and (attempt to reform) religion? How did Hindus benefit? Pg. 485

20. What social reforms did he carry out? How did women benefit? Pg. 486

21. What were some of the varying European impressions of Mughal India? What goods were traded? Pg.486

22. Why are Jahangir and Shah Jahan known as great patrons of the arts and architecture? Pg. 487

23. Why did Shah Jahan have the Taj Mahal built? Pg. 488

24. How did Nur Jahan amass power at court? How did she die? Pg. 489

25. How did the status of women decline in the middle years of the Mughal Empire? Pg. 490