United States History CP1

Mr. Rosamilia‚ÄĒChapter 32 study guide

Answering the following questions will help you understand the concepts and content for this chapter:

  1. What was the goal of President Nixon's "New Federalism"?
  2. In what ways did President Nixon both strengthen and weaken federal programs?
  3. What were some of the illegal means used by President Nixon in his attempts to restore "law and order" in the nation?
  4. What was meant by the Republican Party's "Southern Strategy"? Why had many Democratic voters in the South become potential Republican supporters by 1968?
  5. What factors brought on the country's economic downturn in the late 1960s and early 1970s?
  6. How did President Nixon battle stagflation?
  7. What is meant by "the imperial presidency"?
  8. How did President Nixon's own personality contribute to his downfall?
  9. Why did the Nixon campaign team take such a risky action as breaking into the Democratic Party campaign headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, DC?
  10. What role did Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein play in the Watergate scandal?
  11. Why was the revelation that President Nixon had taped his conversations so significant to the Watergate committee investigation?
  12. What was the impact of the cover-up on the nation? on President Nixon's image?
  13. What did President Ford mean when he said:Our long national nightmare is over!?
  14. Why did President Ford pardon former President Nixon?
  15. How did President Ford attempt to get the nation's economy back in shape? What was a "W. I. N." button?
  16. How did Congress's economic agenda differ from that of President Ford?
  17. What factors played a significant role in Jimmy Carter's victory in 1976?
  18. How was President Carter's "style" different from that of his recent predecessors?
  19. How did the National Energy Act help ease America's energy crisis?
  20. Why did President Carter's popularity drop to dramatically by 1980?
  21. What effects did Rachel Carson's book have on the nation as a whole?
  22. What is the role of the EPA?
  23. What happened at Three Mile Island on March 28, 1979? Why did this incident fuel a debate about nuclear power?
  24. Why was the court ruling against the Exxon Corporation for the Exxon Valdez oil spill significant?
  25. What are the major points of opposition to the environmental movement?

Defining the following terms will ensure that you have covered the chapter completely:

* New Federalism
* revenue sharing / * stagflation
* impoundment / * OPEC
* "enemies list" / * What did the President know, and
when did he know it?
* Governor Spiro T. Agnew [MD] / * Saturday Night Massacre
* 25th. Amendment
* "Southern Strategy" / * Gerald R. Ford
* Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg
Board of Education [1971] / * Clean Air Act [1970]
* Watergate / * Alaskan Pipeline
* Three Mile Island
* the "Imperial Presidency" / * Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
* John Mitchell
* H. R. Haldeman
* John Ehrlichman
* Committee to Reelect the President
* Senator George S. McGovern [SD]
* Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein
* the "plumbers"
* Our national nightmare is over!
* W. I. N. button
* Governor Ronald Reagan [CA]
* National Energy Act [1978]
* "malaise" speech
* "crisis of confidence"
* "Rust Belt"
* "Sun Belt"
* Rachel Carson
* Silent Spring [1962]
* Earth Day [April 22]
* environmentalism
* Environmental Protection Agency