AP Chemistry Syllabus - Nonnewaug High School, Woodbury, CT

AP Chemistry Syllabus - Nonnewaug High School, Woodbury, CT

Textbook: Brown, Lemay, Bursten, Murphy, Chemistry: The Central Science. Prentice-Hall, 11th Edition, 2009

Supplementary Materials:

·  The College Board. AP Chemistry Guided Inquiry Experiments: Applying the Science Practices. 2013

·  Laura Trout. POGIL Activities for High School Chemistry. 2012

·  Flinn Scientific. AP Chemistry Guided Inquiry Lab Kits. 2013

·  Flinn Scientific. Laboratory Experiments for Advanced Placement Chemistry, 2nd edition

·  American Chemical Society. Chemistry Olympiad Lab Practicals

·  Kerner, Lamba. Guided Inquiry Experiments for General Chemistry: Practical Problems and Applications. Wiley. 2008

·  AP Chem Solutions - http://www.apchemsolutions.com/

·  Before, During and After Class Activities and the MoLE Project: http://genchem1.chem.okstate.edu/CCLIEMD09/BCE_2012.html

·  PHET: http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation

·  Chemistry Experiment Simulations, Tutorials and Conceptual Computer Animations for Introduction to College Chemistry: http://group.chem.iastate.edu/Greenbowe/sections/projectfolder/animationsindex.htm

The class is composed of Juniors and Seniors that have successfully completed a first year course in Chemistry and Algebra. All students who complete the course are required to take the AP Chemistry Exam in May.

Goals are for students to:

1. Develop strong, advanced content knowledge with depth of understanding

2. Relate chemical concepts to real world activities

3. Exhibit safe laboratory behavior and provide hands-on exposure to a variety of laboratory experiences, including inquiry experiences.

4. Discuss and communicate findings in clear concise language with a logical flow of ideas

5. Perform calculations to extract meaning from data

6. Score well on the AP Chemistry exam

The course will generally follow the textbook chapters and will link back to the 6 Big Ideas presented in the AP Chemistry framework. Students will be given a calendar for each unit detailing homework assignments, topics to be covered, tests, announced quizzes, and dates of laboratory investigations.

Laboratory work involves pre-lab discussions, hands on experiences, sharing/discussing data, extracting meaning from that data, and then writing a conclusion detailing what was discovered in the experience. Several experiences require students to also generate and detail their own procedures. Students will have several days to complete their lab-work and will then turn in a detailed report.


·  Summative Assessments: All summative assessments will be modeled after the new AP Chemistry exam. Questions will be taken from AP Central, as well as other commercial AP materials. Tests will vary in length and how much they are worth based on how long we have spent on the content and content complexity. If a student is out the day of an exam they are responsible for making it up within 2 days of their return to school. Scores for all summative assessments will be curved. Summative assessments will count 45% of the overall grade.

·  Interim Assessments: (Laboratory work and Quizzes): All laboratory work will require a write-up in your provided carbonless lab notebook. Students will keep all procedures, data, and conclusions in this notebook. When the report is due students will turn in one copy while the other copy remains in their notebook. Labs will be due 1 week after we finish collecting the data in class and WILL NOT BE TAKEN LATE. Generally labs will be worth 30 points each (Guided inquiry labs: 8 points for a well structured procedure, 6 points for clearly organized data, 6 points for accurate data analysis, 5 points for post lab discussion questions, 5 points for a well organized conclusion). Students will also be given a few announced quizzes. Interim assessments will count 45% of the overall grade.

·  Formative Assessments: Reading guides will be provided for each chapter and will count 10 points each. Homework assignments will be given most nights and will count 5 points per assignment. All homework will be due on FRIDAY. Students will also periodically be given pop quizzes that will be approximately 10 points. Formative assessments will count 10% of the overall grade.

Topic Summary and Correlation to AP Chemistry Framework:

Chapters will be covered in the following order and at the approximate time frame:

Early September

1 (Matter and Measurement) *Big Idea 1

2 (Atoms, Molecules and Ions) * Big Idea 1

·  Topics Covered: Classification of Matter, Properties of Matter, Atomic Theory of Matter, Modern View of Atomic Structure, Molecules and Molecular Compounds, Ions and Ionic Compounds

·  Learning Objectives: 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.13, 1.14

·  Science Practice: 1.4, 1.5, 2.2, 6.1, 5.3

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: What is the Relationship Between the Concentration of a Solution and the Amount of Transmitted Light Through the Solution?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  POGIL: Organizing Data

o  POGIL: Fundamentals of Experimental Design

o  POGIL: Classification of Matter

o  POGIL: Average Atomic Mass

Late September/Early October

3 (Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations *Big Ideas 1 + 3

4 (Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry) *Big Idea 3

·  Topics Covered: Formula Weights, Avogadro’s Number and the Mole, Empirical Formulas from Analysis, Chemical Equations, Simple Patterns of Chemical Reactivity, Quantitative Information from Balanced Equations, Limiting Reactants, General Properties of Aqueous Solutions, Precipitation Reactions, Acid/Base Reactions, Oxidation-Reduction Reactions, Concentration of Solutions, Solution Stoichiometry

·  Learning Objectives: 1.4, 1.18, 1.19, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.8, 3.10

·  Science Practice: 1.4, 1.5, 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 4.2, 5.1, 6.1, 6.4, 7.1, 4.5

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: Using the Principle That Each Substance Has Unique Properties to Purify a Mixture: An Experiment Applying Green Chemistry to Purification

o  Chemistry Olympiad: Determination of the Identity of 6 Unknown Solutions (Students are given small samples of 6 solutions and a list of 6 ionic salts. Students must use their general knowledge of reactions and solubility rules to determine the identity of each solution)

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry Simulation activity: http://genchem1.chem.okstate.edu/CCLIEMD09/Stoic1BCENSF.php

o  POGIL: Limiting and Excess Reactants

Mid October:

5 (Thermochemistry) *Big Ideas 3 + 5

·  Topics Covered: The First Law of Thermodynamics, The Nature of Energy, Enthalpy, Enthalpies of Reaction, Calorimetry, Hess’s Law, Enthalpies of Formation, Food and Fuels

·  Learning Objectives: 3.11, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8

·  Science Practice: 1.4, 1.5, 2.2, 2.3, 4.2, 4.4, 5.1, 7.1, 7.2

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: The Hand Warmer Design Challenge: Where Does the Heat Come From?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  Calorimetry: http://genchem1.chem.okstate.edu/CCLIEMD09/Calori1BCENSF.php

o  POGIL: Calorimetry

Late October:

13 (Properties of Solutions) *Big Idea 2

·  Topics Covered: The Solution Process, Saturated Solutions and Solubility, Factors Affecting Solubility, Expressing Solution Concentration, Colloids

·  Learning Objectives: 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.14, 2.15

·  Science Practice: 1.1, 1.4, 1.2, 4.2, 5.1, 6.2, 6.4

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: Sticky Question: How Do You Separate Molecules That Are Attracted to One Another

o  Guided Inquiry: How Can Color Be Used to Determine the Mass Percent of Copper in Brass?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  POGIL: Solubility


14 (Chemical Kinetics) *Big Idea 4

·  Topics Covered: Factors that Affect Reaction Rates, Reaction Rates, Concentration and Rate Laws, The Change of Concentration with Time, Temperature and Rate, Reaction Mechanisms, Catalysts

·  Learning Objectives: 4.1 - 4.9

·  Science Practice: 1.4, 1.5, 2.1, 2.2, 4.2, 5.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.5, 7.1, 7.2

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: How Long Will That Marble Statue Last?

o  Guided Inquiry: What is the Rate Law of the Fading of Crystal Violet Using Beer’s Law?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  Reactions and Rates: http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/reactions-and-rates

§  http://phet.colorado.edu/en/contributions/view/3147

o  POGIL: Collision Theory

December/ Mid January:

15 (Chemical Equilibrium) *Big Idea 6

16 (Acid-Base Equilibria) *Big Idea 6

17 (Additional Aspects of Equilibrium) *Big Idea 6

·  Topics Covered: The Concept of Equilibrium, The Equilibrium Constant, Understand and Working with Equilibrium Constants, Heterogeneous Equilibria, Calculating Equilibrium Constants, Applications of Equilibrium Constants, Le Chatelier’s Principle, Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases, The Autoionization of Water, the pH Scale, Strong Acids and Bases, Weak Acids, Weak Bases, Relationship Between Ka and Kb, Acid-Base Properties of Salt Solutions, Acid-Base Behavior and Chemical Structure, The Common-Ion Effect, Buffered Solutions, Acid-Base Titrations, Solubility Equilibria, Factors That Affect Solubility

·  Learning Objectives: 2.2, 3.7, 5.16, 6.1 - 6.25,

·  Science Practice: 1.1, 1.4, 2.2, 2.3, 4.2, 5.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 7.1, 7.2

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: Can We Make the Colors of the Rainbow? An Application of Le Chatelier’s Principle

o  Guided Inquiry: How Do the Structure and the Initial Concentration of an Acid and a Base Influence the pH of the Resultant Solution During a Titration?

o  Guided Inquiry: To What Extent do Common Household Products Have Buffering Activity

o  Guided Inquiry: The Preparation and Testing of an Effective Buffer: How Do Compounds Influence a Buffer’s pH and Capacity?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  POGIL: Equilibrium

o  Equilibrium: http://genchem1.chem.okstate.edu/CCLIEMD09/SRBBCENSF.php

o  Le Chatelier’s Principle Simulations

§  http://group.chem.iastate.edu/Greenbowe/sections/projectfolder/animationsindex.htm

·  Copper Chloride Equilibrium

·  NO2/N2O4 Equilibrium

·  Bromine Gas/Liquid Equilibrium

POGIL: Acids and Bases

POGIL: Strong vs. Weak Acids

Late January/Early February:

19 (Thermodynamics) *Big Idea 5

20 (Electrochemistry) *Big Idea 3

·  Topics Covered: Spontaneous Processes, Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics, Molecular Interpretation of Entropy, Entropy Change in Chemical Reactions, Gibbs Free Energy, Free Energy and Temperature, Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constant, Oxidation and Reduction Reactions, Voltaic Cells, Cell Potential Under Standard Conditions, Free Energy and Redox Reactions, Cell Potential Under Nonstandard Conditions, Electrolysis

·  Learning Objectives: 3.9, 3.12, 3.13, 5.12, 5.13, 5.14, 5.15, 5,17, 5,18

·  Science Practice: 1.3, 1.4, 2.2, 2.3, 4.2, 5.1, 6.2, 6.4, 7.2

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: How Can we Determine the Actual Percentage of Hydrogen Peroxide in a Drugstore Bottle of Hydrogen Peroxide?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  POGIL: Batteries

Late February:

6 (Electronic Structure of Atoms) *Big Idea 1

7 (Periodic Properties of the Elements) *Big Idea 1

·  Topics Covered: Quantized Energy and Photons, Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Orbitals, Representation of Orbitals, Electron Configurations, Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table, Effective Nuclear Charge, Sizes of Ions, Ionization Energy, Metals, Non-metals, Metalloids

·  Learning Objectives: 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.12

·  Science Practice: 1.5, 5.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: What Makes Hard Water Hard?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  Investigation and Discussion of Alternative Periodic Tables

o  POGIL: Periodic Trends


8 (Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding) *Big Idea 2

9 (Molecular Geometries) *Big Idea 2

12 (Solids and Modern Materials) *Big Idea 2

·  Topics Covered: Lewis Symbols and the Octet Rule, Ionic Bonding, Covalent Bonding, Bond Polarity and Electronegativity, Drawing Lewis Structures, Resonance Structures, Exceptions to the Octet Rule, Strengths of Covalent Bonds, Molecular Shapes, The VSEPR Model, Molecular Shape and Polarity, Hybrid Orbitals, Classification of Solids, Structure of Solids, Metallic Solids, Metallic Bonding, Ionic Solids, Molecular Solids, Covalent Network Solids

·  Learning Objectives: 2.1, 2.17, 2.18, 2.21, 2.22 - 2.32

·  Science Practice: 1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 7.1, 7.2

·  Labs:

o  Guided Inquiry: What’s in the Bottle?

·  Inquiry Activities:

o  VSEPR Theory using Model Kits

o  POGIL - Molecular Geometry

Early April:

10 (Gases) *Big Idea 2

11 (Intermolecular Forces, Liquids and Solids) *Big Ideas 2 + 5

·  Topics Covered: Pressure, The Gas Laws, The Ideal Gas Equation, Further Applications of the Ideal Gas Law, Gas Mixtures and Partial Pressure, The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases, Deviations From Ideal Behavior, Molecular Comparison of Solids, Liquids and Gases, Properties of Liquids, Phase Changes, Vapor Pressure

·  Learning Objectives: 2.4, 2.5, 2.11, 2.13, 2.16, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11

·  Science Practice: 1.3, 1.4, 2.2, 2.3, 5.1, 6.2, 6.4, 7.2

·  Labs:

o  Flinn Scientific - Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid

o  Guided Inquiry: Can the Individual Components of Quick Ache Relief be Used to Resolve Consumer Complaints?

·  Inquiry Activities

o  POGIL - How does the strength of IMFs relate to physical properties?

o  POGIL - Gas Variables

o  Connecting Learning to Technology: How does a molecular sieve work as it relates to the production of oxygen for medical use in an oxygen concentrator?

Late April: Review for the AP Chemistry Exam

After the Exam

·  21 (Nuclear Chemistry)

·  25 (Organic Chemistry)

·  12 Bottle Lab (Students are given 12 unknown solutions and must design a procedure to identify them)

·  Flinn Scientific Lab: Molar Mass by Freezing Point Depression

·  Flinn Scientific Lab: Electrolysis